Volume 3, Issue 4

Volume 3, Issue 4


Research Paper

1. Training an autonomous car

This paper aims to simulate an autonomous car which is rewarded according to the actions it takes. The car learns from the actions it does and the rewards it receives for them. The project consists of an Artificial Intelligence system, i.e. an agent acts upon the environment in a virtually simulated environment. A simulator is designed which consists of multiple roads and their intersections. At each intersection, there is a traffic light. Random traffic is also generated on random roads. The agent, i.e. the car, responds to the environment (Traffic lights, Traffic). The agent is rewarded accordingly to whatever decision it makes. Using the results discussed in this paper, any vehicle will be able to cruise through traffic based on real-time environment. Furthermore, thanks to the multiple research papers, studies, and forum that helped us complete this.

Published by: Udit Jaitly, Abhishek Gupta, Shallu BashambuResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Technology, Rohini, DelhiKeywords: Artificial Intelligence, Reinforcement Learning

Research Paper

2. Advanced IoT based combined remote health monitoring and alarm system

The world is changed nowadays by automation and internet of things. Our lives are also made easier and automated day by day with the development and revolution in modern technology caused by the Internet of Things. In the recent era, health hazard is not an age-dependent factor due to irregular lifestyles and busy schedule. Patients’ health is acquired by various sensors and then the data which is stored on the Internet of Things is displayed through the website that helps to access the remote monitoring. Thus, with the use of sensors, we can reduce human errors as well as the occupied space in the room is also reduced due to the size of the system. The alarm generation is used in such a manner that the patient is not devoid of taking medicines in time. In case the health parameters cross the threshold value, a notification is sent through email or SMS alert. An optimum surrounding is also created as per the patients’ health requirement. The discussion of heart rate, blood pressure, respiration rate, body temperature, body movement and saline levels is done in this paper.

Published by: Aishwarya Misra, Piyush Agnihotri, JK DwivediResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Raspberry Pi, Alarm, Heart Rate Sensor, Blood Pressure Sensor, Respiration Sensor, Body Temperature Sensor, Accelerometer Sensor, Appliance Control.

Research Paper

3. Suspicious human activity detection

Human activity detection for video surveillance system is an automated way of processing video sequences and making an intelligent decision about the actions in the video. It is one of the growing areas of Computer vision and artificial intelligence. Suspicious Human Activity Detection is the process of detecting unwanted human activities in a crowded place and alerting the concerned authority about the activity. This is done by converting video into frames and analyzing the persons and their activities from the processed frames. This paper gives an overall idea of the development of the system that detects suspicious human activities.

Published by: Nandini. G, Dr. B. Mathivanan, Nantha Bala. R. S, Poornima. PResearch Area: Digital Image Processing

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Video Analytics, Preprocessing, Background elimination, Face detection, Person recognition

Research Paper

4. Exploring the relation between talent management strategies and organizational success

The goal of this research is to examine and explore how the talent management strategies including evaluate and understand the organizational business model, select people and evaluate system help to achieve organizational success, it depends on the theoretical basis. the research was based on a descriptive and analytical method, relying on the questionnaire in data collection, and analyzing the data using linear regression , as a result of this work research findings emphasis that the impact of talent management strategies on organizational success is a positive, as it enables the organization to achieve its goals and objectives.

Published by: Hamad Karem HadrawiResearch Area: Management

Organisation: University of Kufa, Kufa, IraqKeywords: Talent Management Strategies ,Organizational Business Model, Select People ,Evaluate System , Organizational Success.

Research Paper

5. The reflection of human resources management in building learning organization field research in Iraqi ministry of health

This research aims to study the reflection of the availability of human resources management in the construction of learning organization. The instrument to collect data was questionnaire and interviews, the questionnaire was distributed to a sample of (53) physicians working in Baghdad teaching hospital. The main findings of this research are "there are relation and impact between strategies of human resources management and most of the aspects of the learning organization. the main conclusion of that research was the weakness of using performance assessment results in constructing learning organization, in addition, the lack of availability of strategy of job analysis in the mentioned hospital and the dependence on hierarchical in the division of work.

Published by: Ali Hasson Fandy, Ali Sami Abdulzahra, Zayad Ali AbbasResearch Area: Management

Organisation: University of Baghdad, Baghdad, IraqKeywords: Strategy, Human Resources Management, Learning Organization.

Research Paper

6. Use of Health Information Technology (HIT) to improve urban health services: an innovative approach to augment and revitalize urban health centers of Dehradun

Urbanization has risen exponentially in Dehradun after the creation of Uttarakhand state on 9th November 2000 and Dehradun city was declared the interim capital of the state. Rapid urbanization has led to the sudden surge of migrants, expansion of the city boundaries, vast rise in slum populations and urban poverty, which have correspondingly thrown multiple challenges for managing health services and its determinants, comprising water, sanitation, waste disposal, Communicable and Non-communicable diseases, Trauma, Drugs & Alcohol abuse, Domestic violence, etc. Despite the immediacy of urban poor to urban health facilities, their access to facilities is badly confined and the urban poor are more vulnerable and worse off than their rural counterpart because of inadequacy in the urban health delivery system, ineffective outreach, and weak referral system, which are multiplied further by lack of standards and norms for the urban health facilities. Raised catastrophic out of pocket expenses has evaporated the earnings of the poor people, residing in the outskirt and slums of the city. Recognizing the seriousness of the problem, National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) was launched as a separate mission in years 2013 with an objective of improving the health status of the urban poor particularly slum dwellers and other marginalized sections. In line with the objective, Uttarakhand Health & Family Welfare Department is running 39 UHC (Urban Health Centers) in four districts of the state. This paper briefly outlines an action plan for revitalized, revamp existing urban health services in District Dehradun with use of Health Information Technology.

Published by: Girish KhanduriResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Shri Venkateshwara University, Gajraula, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Urban Health Centers, National Urban Health Mission, Health Information Technology, Health Infrastructure, Out of pocket expenses, marginalized community

Research Paper

7. Impact of tourism on energy consumption in India

Tourism has been a rapidly growing industry in the recent years but it comes not only with the increased revenues but also with a quite lot of negative impacts on the environment. In order to curb the increasing pressure on the natural resources, the concept of Sustainable Tourism and Ecotourism has been introduced across the globe. India has been receiving an increasing footfall of tourists in the recent years including domestic and international. The government has realized this fact and has decided to take up adequate measures in order to raise awareness not only amongst the tourists but also the local people to conserve the natural habitat and environment sensitive areas, natural resources and the heritage and culture of the tourist destinations. Energy is an important component of the economies to develop but extreme exploitation of energy resources do have repercussions on the growth of an emerging economy. Hence this paper aims to study the impact of tourists (domestic and international), population and steel industry on the energy consumption.

Published by: Subhalakshmi AkkinapalliResearch Area: Sustainable Development

Organisation: Student, Amity School of Economics, Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Sustainable Tourism, Ecotourism, Tourists, Energy Consumption

Research Paper

8. Study on eating habits among different age group in south India

Junk food is the one which is attracting people irrespective of age and gender and designation, in order to find who is getting more attracted to junk food comparatively with the different age group of people in south India. A sample survey had been made by us in south India to get the conclusion who are attracting to junk food over different age groups. An online survey was conducted among the different age group of people with the self-made questionnaire which had been filled by 220 people. Chi-square test has been carried out to get the output. According to this survey and the output, conclusion that found was people of age between 16-30 are consuming more junk food than other age groups of people and people of age (>75) are consuming less Junk food. This also gave us information that students are major among all who are attracting more to consume irrespective of the gender. This may lead to many health issues to them at smaller ages. People of age (>60) are more aware of the consuming healthy food than students. This survey is made irrespective of gender, education level, and location that they were present.

Published by: Manideep K, Mythili G Y, Pratap Kumar R, Gowtham K, Gowtham V, Sri Vatsa CH, Yeshwanth SResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Junk food, healthy food, age, gender, designation (student, employee, other), chi-square test.

Research Paper

9. A study to assess the knowledge and attitude of staff nurses regarding quality assurance of national accreditation board for hospitals and healthcare providers (NABH) at the selected hospital of Mysuru city

India is growing in the medical world and patients from different parts of the world are coming to India for treatment. This is possible only when the hospitals are maintaining the standards. In the past few years, there has been great pressure to improve the quality of nursing care in India. Because nurses are integral part of the hospital and play a great role in patient care, a need is always felt to make improvement in nursing practice. To provide safe, competent care nurse needs to have clinical judgment, the right attitude, good communication skills, and knowledge regarding care. Through following the standards of accreditation, a nurse can ensure cost-effective care to clients as well as hospital value in the market also will be enhanced. METHODOLOGY A descriptive study to assess the knowledge and attitude of staff nurses regarding Quality Assurance of NABH was conducted 300 staff nurses were selected trough non-probability convenience sampling method to participate in this study. The tools used for data collection were proforma for personal variables to assess the sample characteristics, structured knowledge questionnaire to assess the level of knowledge and attitude scale to assess the level of attitude. All tools were validated by experts and reliability was established using split-half method for structured knowledge questionnaire and test-retest method for attitude scale and the tool was reliable. The pilot study was conducted and study is found to be feasible. RESULTS The analysis of the data was based on the objectives and hypothesis. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis. Findings of the personal variables showed that majority 198 (66%) staff nurses were in the age group of 22-30years, majority 225 (75%) staff nurses were females, majority 261 (87%) staff nurses have their qualification as GNM, majority 124 (43%) staff nurses were working in wards, majority 140 (47%) staff nurses have 1-5 years of working experience, majority 146 (47%) staff nurses were working as junior staff nurse, majority 169 (56%) staff nurses not attended workshop or conference regarding NABH. The study result shows that majority of the subjects 214(71%) have an average knowledge and majority of the subjects 175(58%) have the positive attitude regarding Quality Assurance of NABH. The study revealed that significant correlation between knowledge and attitude scores [r= 0.130, r (298) = 0.095 p>0.05]. Chi-square was computed and there is an association between the level of knowledge (χ2 (2) = 5.59, p>0.05*) and attitude (χ2 (1) = 3.84, p>0.05*) with their selected personal variables like educational qualification. DISCUSSION Sound knowledge and a positive attitude regarding Quality Assurance of NABH among the staff nurses is very important for improvement of quality patient care.

Published by: Indra Mani. T, Anitha Victoria Noronha, Sheela WilliamsResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: JSS College of Nursing, Mysuru, KarnatakaKeywords: Attitude, Knowledge, NABH, Quality Assurance.

Research Paper

10. Developing islanding detection arrangement for the grid on sensing voltage or frequency variation

As the power grid failure problems continue to persist in the country, need arises to make it more efficient and effective. This is a demonstration devised to provide such kind of a system that could detect the failure in the synchronous working of the power grid in case any external supply source that is supplying to the grid is encountering any kind of abnormalities may be in current levels, voltage levels, temperature, and oil level. There are various generation units that usually supply power to the grids such as thermal plants, solar plants, hydroelectric plants etc. All the generation units that connect to the grid have to obey the rules or standards laid down for the operation of a grid. These rules involve maintaining of voltage variation, current variation, oil-level variation and temperature variation within these specified limits. If there are any kind of abnormalities or deviations from the acceptable limits laid down by the grid, it then gets crucial that the particular feeding source should get automatically disconnected from the entire grid temporarily, this process is widely termed islanding. This would prevent large-scale occurrences of events of blackouts. Hence it would be beneficial and wise if we could have a system that would be so efficient that it could issue intimations about the potential variations in the arrangements and in addition provide the exact distance of the fault location on a feeder line from the base grid and keep the particular source temporarily on a standby basis while this process takes place. Variation of the system voltage should be around +-5% as per central electricity authority of India Regulations, 2010. This paper is an approach to devising out a system that helps the grid resolve problems related to black out situations hence making it a smart grid.

Published by: Ujjwal Mishra, Sawan Kumar SharmaResearch Area: Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Organisation: Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Current Variation, Voltage Variation, Temperature Variation, Oil Level Detection, Islanding, Smart Grid, Active Method, Passive Method

Case Study

11. Marginal zone lymphoma – A rare finding on peripheral blood smear

Splenic marginal zone lymphoma is a rare low-grade B cell lymphoma arising from post-germinal center marginal zone B cells.comprising less than 2% of the lymphoid neoplasm; affects mainly middle-aged and elderly patients. We report a case of 58 years old female with the history of fever, malaise, and abdominal discomfort.Laboratory evaluation revealed lymphocytosis with the presence of atypical lymphocytes having villous cytoplasmic projections and basophilic cytoplasm.Immunophenotyping analysis revealed IgM positive, CD 5 negative, CD10 negative. CD23 negative and cyclin D negative.

Published by: Menka Kapil, Rateesh Sareen, Vanita Govil, Gajendra GuptaResearch Area: Oncology

Organisation: Santokba Durlabhji Memorial Hospital, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Marginal zone lymphoma, Peripheral blood smear

Research Paper

12. Fabrication of automatic screw jack

The lead screw is used to convert rotary motion into translation motion. The screw jack is a device used for lifting the load with the application of small force. The mechanical advantage of screw jack is the ratio of the load applied to the effort applied. The screw jack is operated by turning a lead screw of jack. The effort required to operate the screw is eliminated by using 12 V DC Motor. The motor operates by 12V DC power supply which is drawn from the vehicle battery itself. The rotary motion transfer from the motor to lead screw through worm gear drive. The driver gear (pinion) located on the motor shaft and the driven gear located on the lead screw causes to transfer rotary motion.

Published by: Abhishek Madhukar Barewar, Abhishek Ashok Padole, Yugal Dhanpal Nagpure, Pranav Shivraj Gaupale, Sagar Bhimraoji Nagmote, Chandan Kumar Ram, Rupali Suresh RautResearch Area: Automobile

Organisation: Nagpur Institute of Technology, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Screw Jack, DC Motor, Lead screw, Battery, Gear drive.

Research Paper

13. The study of brand consciousness and brand loyalty of consumers with reference to soaps in Nagpur city

The lifestyle of common person has been changed such that the soap in daily life has become one of the essential components. With advancement in the lifestyle, different types of soaps are manufactured by the various industries based on fragrance, prize, quality etc. In order to assess the level of brand awareness of different consumers in Nagpur city, a survey is carried out. Nagpur city is selected for survey due to a huge market potential and being the second capital in Maharashtra. Customer satisfaction has been widely accepted as an important issue for many marketing surveys and is commonly used as a marketing standard for a company's performance especially for FMCG like bath soaps. The observations show that the satisfied customer is more likely to display loyalty behavior with the brand of the product. The customer rarely diverts from the brands which they use unless and until product quality and prize remain unchanged. The survey data is exclusively analyzed to gather information about various brand features, consumers’ loyalty, and awareness level. On the basis of previous years’ data, five soap brands are considered for this analysis. The convenience sampling method is used by taking the sample of 100 users. The analysis results show that the people are aware of the brand of the product on the basis of quality and most of them are dedicated to their preferred brand.

Published by: Radhika BajajResearch Area: Marketing

Organisation: Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Managements, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Marketing, FMCG, Brand.

Case Study

14. Indoor positioning using beacons

Nowadays every smartphone is Bluetooth enabled, making the use of this technology more flexible. Satellite-based positioning doesn’t work indoors, but other technological standards have emerged that make indoor positioning possible. Since Satellite-based positioning GPS does not work, Bluetooth is a good alternative for indoor positioning and indoor navigation. From the RSSI, we can obtain the distances from the individual beacons, we describe and analyze a system for indoor positioning, which enables a person with a smartphone to find his or her location within an enclosed space, with an accuracy of up to 2 meters.

Published by: Rajeshwari Vijayakumar Sakharkar, Manjita Paigwar, Pranali DandekarResearch Area: Survey Paper

Organisation: Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Beacons, RSSI, Database, App.

Research Paper

15. Production of hydrogen from industrial and domestic wastewater

This project offers an overview of the technologies for hydrogen production from wastewater. Electrolysis is a promising option for hydrogen production from renewable resources. An electrolysis cell was designed to produce a useful hydrogen gas, from the wastewater treatment process. The electrical energy efficiency of commercial water electrolyzers is normally limited by internal energy losses; heat generated at economic current density levels exceeds the heat required to maintain the temperature of the electrolyte, and cooling must be used. Development of activated electrode systems and of improved electrode geometries promises to reduce these losses to the point where efficiency will be limited instead by the requirement that sufficient heat is generated internally to maintain the electrolyte temperature. The limitation on electrical energy efficiency then becomes thermodynamic. Options indicated for development of advanced technology are considered. These are then related to the approaches being taken in major worldwide programs which are working to reduce the cost of hydrogen production from wastewater.

Published by: Saravanan, Amarnath R, Naveenraj K S, Dhamodiran B, Sarangabani NResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Sree Sakthi Engineering College, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Water electrolyser, Hydrogen production, packaging, liquefaction, delivery and transfer of hydrogen.

Review Article

16. Location-based services using geofencing

Geo-fencing (geofencing) is a great feature in a software program that uses Global Positioning System (GPS) or radio frequency identification (RFID) to define the geographical boundaries feature. Actually, the geofence is a virtual barrier. Geofencing is an innovative technology, an online marketplace for proactive contextual services that allows users to easily find interesting services can easily subscribe to it and to allow providers offer their services for a variety of applications such as electronic toll collection, contextual advertising or tourist information systems, even without additional infrastructure. The main objective of this research was to understand how the use of spatial data can improve advertising performance for customers. Tracking systems and monitoring, based on global navigation services by satellite, and include geofencing function, could also contribute to the exact location of an institution or company and increase sales and business perspective efficiently. Instead of large billboards, they can now advertise on smartphones which are economically and accurately tested.

Published by: Abhishek Singh, Ankit Pal, Divyansh Garg, Dolly YadavResearch Area: Geofences

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Geofencing, GPS, Geo Location, Geofence, Geotification, Geo-Tourist Guide.

Technical Notes

17. Study about the analysis of grinding machine operations

The Process of analyzing the grinding machining operation for determining the course in the machining operation, surface, finish, power consumption, temperature induces and tool life on the machining. When machining is in working condition effect on workpiece and tools.

Published by: Ravi Prakash SharmaResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Bhagwant University, Ajmer, RajasthanKeywords: High surface finish with low forces, The high removable rate of the material.

Review Article

18. The response-oriented mechanism for delay tolerant network

Broadcasting is a method of transferring data to all receiver devices simultaneously. In the proposed system utilizes multi-server to store streaming data in which the video content is encoded using trapdoor hash algorithm and it generates a key for video content. After encoding it is fragmented by content distribution algorithm. The video content is fragmented into several blocks. When the user request the video content the Content Distribution Manager (CDM) send the fragmented data along with the digital signature to the user. The sender sends digitally signed data to receiver and receiver verify the data using the hash of the message. The packet can be sent without losses and delay.

Published by: Banumathi P, Suriya Priya N, S. YuvalathaResearch Area: Network Security

Organisation: Sree Sakthi Engineering College, Karamadai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Trapdoor, Content distribution, Wireless broadcast, Digital signature, Encoding.

Review Article

19. Improving security and performance by implementing FS Algorithm in distributed cloud

The distributed file system is used to store a large number of files. The availability of the file is considered as the main factor for the availability of the system. The availability of the system is based on the retrieval time of the file. Metadata servers are separated from the data server and the replication of metadata is being implemented in the distributed file system to increase the availability. But there is a security issue in replication of metadata in a single server. When whole data is in sequential order if a single server gets hacked or failure occurs the entire data will be lost from the server. To overcome this problem, apply FS Algorithm. The scope of the paper is to Detach and reproduce methodology: divide a file into fragments, and replicate the fragmented data over the cloud node in a shuffling order.

Published by: Omana M U, Nandhini S, Priyadharshini RResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Sree Sakthi Engineering College, Karamadai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Metadata, Replication, Fragment, shuffling and sequential.

Research Paper

20. Query optimization in web search engines using dynamic frequency modulation

Query processing nodes are core part of web search engines which process user queries, these units devour a notable amount of power, which is mostly liable to their cpu’s to ensure lower levels of latency (ruling out heat factor).Where mainstream users are likely to look for split-second reaction times. In any circumstance, clients can scarcely see reaction times that are quicker than their expectation. Hence, we use pesos algorithm to assign the most relatable processor clock-rate to course the query on per core basis using the inputs from YDS algorithm which calculates the query process volume, then processing the input query to the cost-based query optimizer (gporca) which replaces the stock reverse index of a query processing node with sub-query unnesting method, which uses the dvfs to regulate the wattage by increasing the efficiency. Thus reducing the factors affecting cpu’s longivety.

Published by: G U Bharath Chandra, S Niveditha, Gompa Vamsikrishna, P Nithin ReddyResearch Area: Knowledge Engineering and Data Mining

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: GPORCA, PESOS, Power consumption, DVFS.

Case Study

21. Emergency response automation in life emergency management

Traffic has become the major problem in the present situation, therefore management of life Emergency situations at the time of accidents on road, reaching the hospital on time has become a major constraint for ambulances because of traffic was considered as the highlighting in theoretical form of the main aspects of the life Emergency management. The project will also bring the solution and technologies that are used by western countries in life Emergency management using Emergency Response Automation

Published by: K. Chaitanya, Y. S. AashrithaResearch Area: Emergency Management

Organisation: Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management, Visakhapatnam, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Emergency management, Automation in Life, Emergency response.

Research Paper

22. Study and prototype of the thermoacoustic refrigerator

A thermoacoustic refrigeration device (TAR) includes an acoustic wave generation device arranged directed to the channel of a hollow tube, and a stack provided at a predetermined position in the channel of the tube. A temperature difference is obtained across the stack by an acoustic wave emitted from the acoustic wave generation device. The working fluid used is air. This work examined the performance of thermoacoustic refrigeration, which is the theory of using sound waves to cool the air. The main aim of this work is to design and construct a small thermoacoustic refrigerator from inexpensive and readily available parts and analyzed the results. The design includes the dimension of the stack, selection of acoustic driver, an acoustic resonator. The experiments showed that while thermoacoustic cooling was possible, high efficiency was beyond our reach due to materials restrictions. We obtained the temperature difference of 7°C for constructing this simple device. However, from these limitations devised several proposals for increasing the performance of thermoacoustic refrigerators.Experiments show the performance can improve by using a better material such as high heat carrying capacity materials and the working fluids like inert gases.

Published by: Vipul Kumar Mishra, Vikrant Kumar, Sachin Kushwaha, Hitesh Sharma, O. P. UmraoResearch Area: Refrigeration

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: TAR, Acoustic wave generation, Inert gases.

Research Paper

23. Climatology lab for airports

The task of the Air Traffic Control (ATC) is to optimize the use of airspace and to avoid collision among aerial vehicles. Airspace can be defined as a set of the infinite number of planes, direction, routes etc. In last few decades, there have been many problems related the safe landing of Airplane and their accidents due to various reasons like the bursting of a tier, poor visibility, lack of synchronization between the plane and the base station. These result in the accident of airplanes. We have developed a “Climatology Lab for Airports” to solve the above-mentioned problems and ensure the safety of passengers. The main objective of our project is to avoid these type of accidents by proper synchronization between the base station and Airplane. Our project is also used to increase the air quality traffic and to reduce the downtime of activities i.e. the time required for identifying each and every climatological condition like pressure, humidity, temperature etc. is reduced since a single device gathers all the necessary information at a time using sensors. Using this system various collision and problems related to air traffic control has been minimized. The system uses internet of things (IoT) technology and will prevent the malfunctioning or damage of the equipment used to the risk factor that the sensor might stop working is minimized. Here we would like to provide an economic and affordable solution for the perfect takeoff and landing system for airports with physical ambient conditions of the atmosphere with an audio-visual networking.

Published by: V. S. Harinee, Sushma Manivannan, Swikruti Nayak, C. Deepika, E. PoovannanResearch Area: Electronics and Communication

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Air Traffic Control, Climatology, Aerial vehicles, Internet of things, Accident, Aerospace Control, Aero plane Parameters, Automatic control, Computer simulation, climatological conditions.

Research Paper

24. Anonymous attribute-based encryption using privacy-preserving, shoulder surfing

Cloud services is a great opportunity for the users to enjoy the on-demand cloud applications without considering the local infrastructure limitations. Several schemes have been proposed for access control of outsourced data in cloud computing. Security is the primary obstacle that prevents the wide adoption of this promising computing model. Identity-based encryption (IBE) is the sender of a message can specify an identity such that only a receiver with matching identity can decrypt it. In the KP-ABE, a ciphertext is associated with a set of attributes, and a private key is associated with a monotonic tree, which describes this user’s identity. A user can decrypt the ciphertext if and only if the access tree in his private key is satisfied by the attributes in the ciphertext. However, the encrypter does not have entire control over the encryption policy. Furthermore, when a re-encryption occurs, all of the users in the same system must have their private keys re-issued so as to gain access to the re-encrypted files, and this process causes considerable problems in implementation. All problems and overhead are solved in the CP-ABE. In this, ciphertexts are created with an access structure, which specifies the encryption policy, and private keys are generated according to users’ attributes. A user can decrypt the ciphertext if and only if his attributes in the private key satisfy the access tree specified in the ciphertext. Hence the encrypter holds the encryption policy. Also, issued private keys will not be modified till the whole system reboots.

Published by: Shital S. Salokhe, Nishita N. PatilResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Ashokrao Mane Group of Institutions, Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Cloud computing, Shoulder surfing, Privacy-Preserving, Anonymous attribute-based encryption

Case Study

25. Glaucoma detection for optic disc medical image processing

Glaucoma is an eye disease that usually occurs with the increased Intra-Ocular Pressure (IOP), which damages the vision of eyes. So, detecting and classifying Glaucoma is an important and demanding task in recent days. For this purpose, some of the clustering and segmentation techniques are proposed in the existing works. But, it has some drawbacks include inefficient, not accurate and estimates only the affected area. In order to solve these issues, a Neighboring. Differential Clustering (NDC) – Intensity Variation Masking (IVM) are proposed in this paper. The main intention of this work is to extract and diagnose the abnormal retinal image by identifying the optical disc. This work includes three stages such as, preprocessing, clustering and segmentation.

Published by: Baskar. S, Uma Rani, Suresh KumarResearch Area: Digital Image Processing

Organisation: Kongunadu College of Engineering and Technology, Tholurpatti, Tamil NaduKeywords: Glaucoma Detection, Gaussian Mask Updated (GMU), Intensity Variation Masking (IVM), Retinal image, Segmentation, and Clustering.

Research Paper

26. Mobile communication using fountain code technology

Mobile communication devices are growing in the field of multi-function and intelligent, and files in mobile phones need to be transferred at high speed in many fields. However, the conventional TCP-IP based transmission protocol need more time in transmitting files over the network with high latencies or high loss rates. This paper presents the application of fountain codes technology in multimedia file transfer system on Android platform. In many fields, we have compared the upload performance of the system that uses Fountain Codes Technology to FTP client. The test in practical execution has been done and we found that the multimedia file transfer system tend to utilize the available bandwidth and complete the file transfer but with a reduced file transfer time whereas, In the same propagation field, FTP client was likely to get slow when propagation is poor.

Published by: Charul Soni, Priyal Ghattuwar, Pranali DandekarResearch Area: Multimedia File Transfer System

Organisation: Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: File transmission, fountain codes technology, TCP-IP protocol, FTP Client-server.

Research Paper

27. Bird strike analysis on jet engine fan blade

Bird strike otherwise called as avian ingestion is the collision between the bird and the aircraft. It is a very dangerous situation in the field of aviation. Bird strike usually occurs at low altitude during take-off and landing of the aircraft. The bird strike in the jet engine is very dangerous because when a bird hits the fan blade the fan blade is displaced into other fan blade causing the cascading failure. The main objective of this project is to analyze bird strike on the aircraft jet engine Fan blade. Hemispherical Model is used to design the Bird Model. The Canadian goose and GE-NX 2B engine Fan Blade is taken to perform the analysis. The Calculation of the dimensions of the bird model is done. The fan Blade and Bird Model is designed and then assembled using CATIA V5R20. The material Properties is defined for both Bird Model and Fan Blade. The analysis is done and an attempt is made to discuss Deformation, Stress, and Strain on the Fan Blade depending on the Relative Velocity. ANSYS- Explicit Dynamics was used to analyze the Model.

Published by: Mohankumar M, Krishna Gupta K, Tamizharasan T, Venkatesh NResearch Area: Aeronautical

Organisation: SNS College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Jet Engine Fan Blade, Hemispherical Bird Model, Avian Ingestion, ANSYS-Explicit Dynamics.

Research Paper

28. Wireless multimedia sensor network

In recent year wireless multimedia sensor network has developed so far that it has attracted various researchers focus toward itself. In wireless multimedia sensor network there are various interconnected devices such as low-cost CMOS cameras, microphone helps to retrieve the multimedia content such as video streams, audio streams and scalar sensor data from the environment so in this paper we have brings out various aspects of wireless sensor network, there protocols for wireless multimedia sensor network , challenges. And their future scope. And we also hope also that it will help new research to clear their ideas among its researchers.

Published by: Shashi Baith, Ankita Ganvir, Neha Yadav, Pranali R. DandekarResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Applications of wireless multimedia sensor networks, Network architecture, Scalar sensor data.

Review Article

29. Heating of air with the help of the solar evacuated tube

A solar-powered air heating system using one ended evacuated tubes. A solar air heater containing evacuated tubes is used for heating purpose. With the increased attention the efficiency of solar heating facilities and the performance of additional equipment are becoming increasingly important. In the present study, thinking is giving on the heat transfer characteristics of solar air heater with some modifications in design to increase air travel length. Performance of solar air dryer would be checked with and without air heater. Effect of climate conditions would also be studied on its performance

Published by: Varun S Panchal, Ankit A Pandey, Sopan Kharche, Firoj PathanResearch Area: Thermal Engineering

Organisation: Vadodara Institute of Engineering, Kotambi, GujaratKeywords: Evacuated tube, Thermocouple, Air blower.

Research Paper

30. Study the role of different infective factors associated with ectopic pregnancies in patients attending a tertiary care hospital in Tripura

Ectopic pregnancy refers to implantation of a fertilized ovum outside the normal uterine cavity. Ectopic pregnancy presents a major health problem for women of childbearing age. Without timely diagnosis and treatment, it becomes a life-threatening situation. The numbers of patients with ectopic pregnancy attending this tertiary care hospital were very high, hence this study is carried out. This hospital-based case control study was undertaken to provide a better understanding of Ectopic pregnancy, its clinical presentation and find out various risk factors associated with this condition.50 cases and 50 controls were studied during 1.5 years of the study period and the incidence of Ectopic pregnancy in this institute during the study period was 1.69%.Major associated risk factors observed in this study groups are past history of the Pelvic inflammatory disease (32%  cases), Bacterial vaginosis (52% cases) and Chlamydia infection(2% cases).These conditions are easily preventable and treatable. It is therefore paramount important to take action in early detection and treatment of these conditions.

Published by: Bijoy Kar, Dr. Jayanta Ray, Dr. Tapan Majumder, Ashish Kumar RakshitResearch Area: Medical

Organisation: G S Medical College, Pilkhuwa, Hapur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Ectopic, Vaginosis, Chlamydia, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.

Research Paper

31. Automatic water level controller

A range of level control systems and methods are used in Industries. Systems may be based on the use of floats or sensors. Level control is one of the continuous processes that can be treated as an integrating process. This controller can be applying for temperature control, pressure control, and water control. The level controller is used with electrical probes or sensors. The electrical probes are used with power supply and motor. The main objective of this paper is to design and develop an automatic water level controller to maintain the outlet process of the water level at its desired level. The paper also focuses on the need of the people to install automatic water level controller to avoid wastage of water.

Published by: Prajnasmita Samantaray, Rama Prashanara DalaiResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Centurion University of Technology and Management, Bhubaneswar, OdishaKeywords: Automatic water level controller, Electrical sensors, Level control, Power supply, Motor.

Research Paper

32. Power system stability improvement using FACTS devices

Due to limited resources and environmental restrictions, the power generation and transmission have been severely limited even though the power demand has increased substantially in the last two decades. The consequence being some of the transmission lines are heavily loaded and the system stability becomes a power transfer limiting factor. To solve various power system steady state control problems, FACTS(Flexible ac transmission system) controllers have been used. Flexible and dynamic control of power systems is allowed through Flexible AC transmission system or FACTS. The investigation of FACTS devices for the enhancement of system stability has been done. To improve the operation of an electrical power system by utilizing FACTS devices is the main aim of this paper. This paper also discussed the performance comparison of different FACTS controllers. Reviews and summaries of some of the utility experience and semiconductor technology development have also been taken into consideration.in this paper, the discussion of applications of FACTS to power system studies has also been done.

Published by: Naveen Singh, Piyush AgnihotriResearch Area: Facts Devices

Organisation: Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: AC, FACTS, IPFC, PSS, SVC, STATCOM, SSSC, TCSC, TCPS, UPFC.

Research Paper

33. Face detection and recognition in smartphones

In this paper, various algorithms have been referred for face detection and recognition for security purpose in smartphones. Different types of algorithms such as template matching, color code segmentation using the K-mean clustering algorithm, etc. for face detection and KLT for face recognition have been used. In any of the face recognition system, the first step is face detection. The mentioned algorithms have first been constructed in MATLAB and then later it is implemented in SMARTPHONES phones. After the implementation of the mentioned algorithms, we have recognized certain pros and cons while implementing the face recognition system on a mobile phone with limited hardware capabilities.

Published by: Haritha H. Nair, Gauri S. Amte, Nisha B. Todase, Pranali R. DandekarResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Shri Ramdeobaba College of Engineering and Management, Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: Security, Face detection, Face recognition, Mobile phones.

Research Paper

34. Smart parking system

Now a day the number of personal vehicles usage is increasing on a large scale. People prefer personal vehicles than public transportation. It is very difficult and frustrating as well to find parking space in most metropolitan areas, especially during the rush hours. It is often costly in almost every major city in the world to find proper and secure parking space. Due to this, there is a need to provide sufficient parking places providing plenty of slots to help the user park his vehicle safely. The aim of this paper is to propose a design of Android-based smart Parking System that regulates the number of cars to be parked in the designated parking area. This is done by automating the parking and unparking of the car with the help of an Android Application.

Published by: Pranav Kamble, Sujit Chandgude, Ketki Deshpande, Chetna Kumari, K. M. GaikwadResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: Sinhgad Academy of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Internet of Things (IoT), Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), Driver Request Processing Centre (DRPC), Smart Parking Allocation Centre (SPAC),Wireless Sensor Network(WSN), Near Field Communication (NFC), One Time password(OTP), Android

Research Paper

35. Preventing distributed denial of service attacks and data security

In recent years, Path identifiers(PID)are used as inter-domain routing objects in the network. However, the PIDs used in existing approaches are static, which makes it easy for attackers to launch distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) flooding attacks. To address this issue, introduce a D-PID, framework that uses PIDs negotiated between neighboring domains as inter-domain routing objects. In DPID, the PID of an inter-domain path connecting two domains is kept secret and changes dynamically. Security of data which shared in the network can be ensured with cryptographic techniques also.DPID mechanism with data secure provides more chance to prevent DDoS attacks in the network.

Published by: Shabna. M, Aswathi. TResearch Area: Information and Forensics Security

Organisation: Cochin College of Engineering and Technology, Valanchery, KeralaKeywords: Inter-domain routing, Cryptographic techniques security, Distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, Path identifiers (PID).

Research Paper

36. A lightweight secure data sharing scheme

The ubiquity of distributed computing, cell phones can stock and recover sensitive data from cloud whenever. Therefore, the information security issue in versatile cloud tries out to be increasingly extreme and forestalls advance improvement of the portable cloud. There are generous examinations that have been run to enhance the cloud security. Be that as it can, a big slice of them are not relevant for versatile cloud since cell phones just have constrained registering assets and power. Arrangements with low computational upstairs are in the awesome requirement for versatile cloud applications. In this project, we suggest a lightweight information sharing plan (LDSS) for portable distributed computing. It embraces CP-ABE, an entrance control innovation utilized as a part of typical cloud condition, yet changes the construction of access regulator tree to make it reasonable for portable cloud conditions.LDSS moves an extensive section ofthecomputationalgenuineaccesscontroltreechangeinCP-ABEfrommobilestooutsidego-between servers.Moreover, to decrease the client repudiation cost, it acquaints quality portrayal fields with executing lethargic disavowal, which is a prickly issue program based CP-ABE substructure. The exploratory outcomes demonstrate that LDSS can successfully lessen the overhead on the cell phone side when clients are sharing information in portable cloud conditions.

Published by: Achyuth Ranjan V, K. Karthikayani, P. Jaswanth, Vivekananthan GR, Shankara LingamResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Cloud computing, Data encryption, Access control, User withdrawal

Research Paper

37. Smart energy management

Smart Energy Management (SEM) is a new emerging technology that will be mandatory for the future electrical network to generate, transmit, distribute, manage and monitor electrical energy and its usage. The major contribution will be from the communication technologies specifically wireless technologies enabling two-way communications. So far, the interface of smart devices is limited to the transmission and distribution side of the power grid, while its interface with the consumer as well as consumer energy consumption is not given major significance [1]. Based on the case study conducted in our university, this paper proposes a Smart Energy Management System (SEMs), that will make use of Internet Of Things (IoT) along with more than one type of wireless communication techniques based on the requirement, to collect energy information from the users and communicate it to the central server. An intelligent sensor node is deployed in the building in order to use the energy, based on the environmental conditions (temperature, humidity, etc). We have proposed decision algorithms which make use of the sensor values for optimization of energy consumption.

Published by: Arpit Mishra, Devendra PandeyResearch Area: Power Management

Organisation: Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Smart Grid, Zigbee, Energy Management, Microcontroller.

Research Paper

38. Design and development of All Terrain vehicle

The Study named “Design and Development of Steering System of an All Terrain Vehicle” is to find out the most efficient steering system for an all-terrain vehicle. For this selection, various parameters are considered. The geometry for steering is selected to be Anti- Ackerman geometry. The system selected to convert the rotational motion into translational motion is Rack and Pinion. The steering column used is a one specifically used for steering of Tata Nano. The steering wheel is self-designed so as to optimize its size and reduce its weight. During the design of steering wheel, ergonomics are not compromised. The motion is transferred to the wheels with the help of a pair of tie rods. The tie rods and wheel hub are connected with self-designed steering arms.

Published by: Anuj Kesarwani, Abhinav Mishra, Gopal Kharwar, V. K. Saini, Sunil KumarResearch Area: Engineering and Technology

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Rack and pinion gearbox, Anti- Ackerman steering geometry, All-terrain vehicle, Tie rods, Steering arm.

Technical Notes

39. Technology challenge white paper: Coping with spool space challenge in Teradata

Teradata is a high-performance database system. It uses spool space to perform queries on the database. It writes the result from each step in the query execution plan to disk to a spool file and subsequently reading these results. Hence it is important to plan spool space utilization in an optimized way, else we will end up with spool space error. Spool space and capacity planning are mutually dependent concepts. It is important to increase the system's performance without making any hardware changes. It is the challenge as data is continuously increasing and most systems will respond to increased load with some degree of decreasing performance. Considering the importance a lot of work has been done all over the world on DWH performance tuning, it is critical to understand multiple facts to be considered to ensure optimal utilization of Teradata Spool Space. If we are using the Spool Space in an optimal way then we are increasing the system performance without causing any additional cost to an organization. Poor planning will result out of spool space memory and hence can lead to failure of the Teradata based application. Understanding of spool space, its allocation, causes of spool space error, mitigation plan are detailed in this white paper.

Published by: Rajneesh ShuklaResearch Area: Database : Teradata

Organisation: IT ProfessionalKeywords: Teradata, Spool Space, Dataware house, Technology Challenge

Review Article

40. An automated method for characterization of facial expression

This paper presents a new facial expression technique, locality directional ternary pattern (LDTP), for facial emotion recognition. LDTP efficiently encode various information of expression-related features (ı.e., eyes, eyebrows, nose, mouth and lips) by using the directional information and advanced pattern in order to take advantage of the robust of advanced patterns in the edge region while overcoming the weakness of other methods in smooth regions. Our proposal, unlike existing face description methods that divide the face into multiple regions and sample the codes uniformly, uses a two-level grid to construct the face descriptor while sampling emotion information at different scales. We use a grid for stable codes (highly related to non-expression), and another one for active codes (highly related to expression). This multi-level approach enables us to do a finer description of facial motions while still characterizing the other features of the expression. Moreover, we learn the active pattern codes from the expression-related facial regions. We tested our method by using person-dependent and independent cross-validation schemes to evaluate the performance. We show that our approaches improve the overall accuracy of facial expression recognition on six data sets.

Published by: Rashmika. R, Sudha Mercy, Sangeetha Kamatchi. C , Preethi. RResearch Area: Image Processing

Organisation: Easwari Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Face recognition, Binary pattern, Emotion recognition, Detection of edge.

Research Paper

41. LPG refrigeration

The climatic change and global warming demand accessible and affordable cooling systems in the form of refrigerators and air conditioners. The energy crisis persists all across the globe. We think of recovering the energy which is already spent but not being utilized further, to overcome this crisis with no huge investment. To address this problem we designed and analyzed a refrigerator which uses the energy spent in pressurizing and liquefying the LPG. LPG is extracted at high pressure in the liquefied state from the storage device. Its pressure and the flow rate is controlled by a valve connects it to the evaporator at the requisite pressure in requisite quantity. An evaporator is housed through which LPG flows. It gets converted from liquefied state to gaseous state and expands. So it absorbs heat in the form of latent heat. Due to this process, heat from surrounding is absorbed so cooling effect is produced. This effect is magnified by an evaporator. A network of pipes containing gas is covered by thin and closely spaced fins which help in effective and fast cooling. The insulating material helps in storing the cooling effect for a longer period of time. The LPG leaves the evaporator in gaseous form; it is then directed towards the burner where it is to be used. Thus, no LPG is consumed for cooling purpose.

Published by: Piyush Raj, Amit Kumar Verma, Anand Sagar, Ajay Kumar, Prasoon ChoudharyResearch Area: Mechanical

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Refrigerator, LPG cylinder, Pressure gauge, Capillary tube.

Research Paper

42. An innovative approach based on VLSI to bring yoga under electro automation

This Project Belongs to a very important domain and having widespread applications across the Globe. The level of stress and tension is increasing day by day, particularly in the Metropolis and people are running after solutions in a different way. The quantum of Traditional Yoga studios is being opened up on a fantastic scale in most of the cities in Europe, Asia, and America. It is a subject to note the level of practicing accuracy blended with quick recovery portfolio is very much needed. In order to manage this challenging problem- Teacher free fully automated Yoga Platform with extraordinary electronic set up would be a novel idea and I have just selected this as my Project to serve people all over the world and also to open up new vistas of further research on it. This project to be based on totally Advanced VLSI Technology with customized software.  

Published by: Bulty ChakrabartyResearch Area: Vlsi and Microelectronics

Organisation: Bankura Unnayani Institute of Engineering, Bankura, West BengalKeywords: Electro automation, Metropolis, Traditional Yoga.

Research Paper

43. Coordination of SVC and PSS for stability enhancement of DFIG-based offshore wind farm connected to a multi-machine system

This paper presents an implementation of Static Var Compensator (SVC) & a Power System Stabilizer (PSS) to improve the transient stability of a DFIG-based offshore wind farm (OWF) connected to a multi-machine system. In wind farm connected grids, maintain the stability of grid and wind farm during transient disturbances is a serious issue. Due to grid faults wind DFIG trip and synchronous machines start oscillation due to insufficient damping. To check out the stability of proposed system a three-phase to ground (LLLG) fault has been taken at bus number six of three machine nine bus system. The test system is modelled and simulated in MATLAB/Simulink platform. In absence of SVC during three phase to ground fault DFIG trip due to the reduction in its terminal voltage below a critical value. But in presence of SVC wind farm protection system does not trip DFIG due reactive power support. And in presence of both SVC & PSS synchronous machine oscillations are also damped, hence settling time and overshoot of a system also reduced.

Published by: Vipin Patel, Varun Kumar, Dilip KumarResearch Area: Renewable Energy

Organisation: Kamla Nehru Institute of Technology, Sultanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: The offshore wind farm, Transient stability, Doubly fed induction generator, Static var compensator, Power system stabilizer.

Research Paper

44. Advance evaporative cooling system

Direct evaporative cooling (DEC) uses evaporating water, combined with a wetted medium to cool the temperature of the air as it passes through. Heat is removed from the surrounding air in the vaporization of the water by passing through or around a wetted surface. The air is cooled in the process and the humidity is increased. Unfortunately, evaporative cooling requires an abundant water source and is only effective when the relative humidity is low, restricting its efficient use to dry climates. The air supplied by the evaporative cooler is nearly 100% humid. Very humid air prevents the evaporative cooling of the sweaty or wet skin. The High humidity in air accelerates corrosion which considerably shortens the life of the electronic equipment. High humidity in air may cause condensation. Direct evaporative Coolers are aesthetically unattractive. The efficiency of direct evaporative cooler mostly depends on the cooling pad and hence, the material used in the cooling pad plays a very vital role. In this project, a new model of direct evaporative cooler having a good aesthetic look and light in weight will be fabricated. The performance of this fabricated cooler will be analyzed by using cooling pads of four different materials such as cellulose paper pad, wood fibers, wood wool (Aspen) and coconut fibers. Apart from these four types of cooling pads, also the performance of direct evaporative cooler will be analyzed by using a combination of three different types of cooling pads simultaneously on three sides of the cooler. Two most important terms considered in this analysis are temperature and humidity. The readings of these two terms will be taken for each type of cooling pad and also, the further calculations will be done based on these readings

Published by: Ritesh W. Dhone, Megha S. Londhekar, Kuldip R. Korke, Yogesh S. GhatiResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Jagadambha College of Engineering and Technology, Yavatmal, MaharashtraKeywords: Air, Cooling pad, Evaporative cooling, Humidity, Temperature.

Research Paper

45. Optimization and improvement of OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness) of CNC turning the machine

This study explores the optimization and improvement of OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness) of a CNC(Computer Numeric Control) turning machine. The main purpose of increasing OEE is to improve the productivity and production with minimum losses. During the research, our main objective was to reduce the losses to increase OEE. As OEE depends upon three factors i.e. availability, quality, and performance rate so quality rate being top notch the main objective was to focus on availability and performance rate. In our research, OEE is increased by reducing the losses and by reducing the cycle time/product.

Published by: Aditya, Anurag Rawat, Shiv Om SharmaResearch Area: Mechanical

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Availability rate, Quality rate, Performance rate, OEE.

Research Paper

46. Design, analysis, and development of transmission system for an all-terrain vehicle

To design an all-terrain vehicle, it is required that the transmission system should withstand all the hurdles on the terrain. The terrain includes the mud pool, rock crawl, dunes etc. The main aim of the transmission system is to provide required torque and power that is being generated by the engine to the wheels as per cockpit sitting driver requirement. This includes economically simplifying the design of transmission system without compromising the performance and safety standards. This motion comprises of material selection, material procurement, gearbox designing, gearbox manufacturing, Finite Element Analysis (FEA) and simulation test to check for the failure. Since All-terrain vehicle is prone to uneven road conditions and harsh environment due to which a concept of constant and continuous power transmission should be embedded in its design. For which a continuous variable transmission (CVT)i.e. pulley and belt system and designed gearbox work hand in hand to obtain the desired reduction ratio. For designing a transmission system tractive effort, Gradability, vehicle resistance, and vehicle maximum speed is to be calculated. With the above-calculated data, the required reduction ratio is calculated. Finite Element Analysis(FEA) is done for the validation of the design.

Published by: Priyank Chauhan, Ankur Tiwari, Rishabh Singh, Sunil Kumar, V. K. SainiResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Transmission system, Gearbox, Tractive effort, Gradability, Vehicle resistance, CVT, FEA, ATV

Research Paper

47. VoIP without SIM calling system using Raspberry Pi for the small business organization

This paper highlights the design & implementation aspects of a VoIP based Asterisk voice exchange, Developing a fully functional voice exchange requires to set up a server based on Asterisk, connecting clients to that server with the help of softphones & then configuring the softphones with the help of the server.

Published by: Megha S Meshram, Pooja Thakare, Pranali DandekarResearch Area: VLSI

Organisation: Nuva College of Engineering , Nagpur, MaharashtraKeywords: VoIP, PBX, IAX, SIP, Asterisk, Trunk.

Research Paper

48. Layout optimization of machining process of the side frame of cotton ginning M/C using FLP

The objective of this research is Study of the existing layout of a machining process unit and to design a lean plant layout using SLP (Systematic Layout Planning) to increase its productivity and reduce the material handling cost. Factory layout involves the arrangement and selection of machines, material handling devices, material handling path, resulting in the reduction of cost and time involved in manufacturing a product. The facilities layout problem, which is an integral part of facilities design, aims to spatially locate the production units within a facility subject to some design criteria and area limitations, with one or multiple objectives. In this, a hybrid model that combines a facility allocation technique and a software analysis of the layout is done. Select the best block layout of the machining section with the help of Relative Allocation of Facilities Technique. After selecting the best block layout detailed layout is constructed and this detailed layout is analyzed using ARENA. The installed utilization of the layout is checked. The utilization of the layout is increased by changing the position of the equipment or by introducing a new machine into the layout. With the advent of software which allowed the user to build models and move them around the screen and analysis can be done. Re-layout can also be done until the satisfactory result is obtained.

Published by: Ketan Agrawal, Ashish PahariaResearch Area: Industrial Engineering

Organisation: Takshila Institute of Engineering and Technology, Jabalpur, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Activity relationship chart, Systematic layout planning, Simulation, Arena

Research Paper

49. User behavioral prediction

People use Internet for different purposes e.g. social networking, blogging etc. with respect to their context. This leads to dynamic change in creation and distribution of document streams over the Internet. This would challenge the topic modelling and evolution of individual topics. In this paper, we have proposed Sequential Topic Patterns (STPs) mining over the published user-aware document streams and formulate the problem of mining User- Aware Rare Sequential Topic Patterns(URSTPs) in document streams on the Internet in order to find rare users. They are generally rare and infrequent over the Internet. For URSTPs mining we need to perform three phases: pre-processing to extract topics, generating STPs, determining URSTPs by rarity analysis of STPs. The experiment can be performed on both real times and synthetic data-sets. In the proposed work, we have focused on synthetic datasets.

Published by: Veena Jayan, Alma Mary MargretResearch Area: Data Mining

Organisation: Cochin College of Engineering and Technology, Valanchery, KeralaKeywords: Sequential patterns, Document streams, Rare sequential patterns, Pattern-growth, Dynamic programming.

Research Paper

50. The descriptive study of knowledge and practices regarding prevention of nutritional anemia among mothers of under-five children in selected rural areas of district sirmour, (H.P)

Nutrition has an important role in anemia and of all the nutrients involved, iron is the most crucial and regarding dietary causes of anemia, the most common kind of anemia includes iron deficiency anemia and one of the most common is an inadequate intake of iron in the diet. The deficiency may be latent or patent. It may be responsible for repeated infections and interfere with the child's psychomotor development. The disease is most often due to a low intake of dietary iron, and it can be prevented by supplementing the mothers during pregnancy and by an adequate diet. Aim & Objectives: To assess knowledge and practices regarding prevention of nutritional anemia among mothers of under-five children. Methods: The study adopted descriptive research design and was conducted at selected villages of Sirmour District, H.P. A total of 100 mothers were selected by convenient sampling technique. A structured knowledge questionnaire was used to assess knowledge and the structured questionnaire on self-reported practices was used to assess the practices regarding prevention of nutritional anemia. Results: Data analysis was done by descriptive and inferential statistics. The study results showed that 71% respondents had the moderately adequate knowledge, 22% of respondents had inadequate knowledge and remaining 7% respondents had the adequate level of knowledge and 98% of mothers had good practices and remaining 2% were had poor practices. Correlation coefficient indicates that weak positive linear correlation between knowledge and practice score as the value of p= 0.097 and r= .336. Chi-square test indicates that there is the significant association between age of mother, dietary habits, sources of information and knowledge score, the highly significant association between education of mother, an occupation of mother, education of father and knowledge score. Chi-square test indicates that no significant association between practice score and selected demographic variables. Conclusion: The results of the study suggest that there was the adequate level of knowledge and good practices regarding prevention of nutritional anemia help to reduce the chances of nutritional anemia among under-five children.

Published by: Sapna Kumari, Isha Thakur DharniResearch Area: Pediatric Nursing

Organisation: Akal Collage of Nursing, Baru Sahib, Himachal PradeshKeywords: Knowledge, Practices, mothers of under-five children, Nutritional anemia.

Research Paper

51. Molecular characterization of marine fishes using ITS2 region of ribosomal DNA

The universal phylogenetic tree not only spans all extant life, but its root and earliest branchings represent stages in the evolutionary process before modern cell types had come into being. The evolution of the cell is an interplay between vertically derived and horizontally acquired variation. Primitive cellular entities were necessarily simpler and more modular in design that is modern cells. Consequently, horizontal gene transfer early on was pervasive, dominating the evolutionary dynamic. The root of the universal phylogenetic tree represents the first stage in cellular evolution when the evolving cell became sufficiently integrated and stable to the erosive effects of horizontal gene transfer that true organismal lineages could exist.

Published by: Neha Singh, Pragya Singh, Arti Saxena, Dr. Samta Shukla, Ugam Kumari ChauhanResearch Area: Biotechnology

Organisation: Awadhesh Pratap Singh University, Rewa, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Molecular characterization , ITS2 region Ribomal DNA, Plectorhincus nigrus ,Plectorhinchus flavomaculatus , Liza parsia , PCR.

Research Paper

52. Design and analysis of an independent suspension system

An All-terrain vehicle (ATV), as we can understand from the name itself is a vehicle that is designed to handle a wider variety of terrain when compared to most other vehicles. Over the period we have seen that ATVs have been useful in performing a large number of applications ranging from desert to military and even jungle safaris. The efficiency can easily be determined on the basis of the ability of the ATV to sustain the irregularities of the terrain with ease. There is a system that implements a vital role that is of damping the vibration and undesired commotion. This is known as the suspension system and independent suspension system can work even at the places we can’t imagine. There are mainly two types of suspension systems, dependent suspension systems, and independent suspension systems. In this paper, the study is done on the topic design and analysis of independent suspension system for an all-terrain vehicle. The purpose of this study is to design an independent type suspension system which can rely on any type of on and off-roading conditions. This study is mainly focused on how to provide the driver comfort by reducing the effects of bumps and also on how to improve the dynamic parameters of the vehicle. An important part of the vehicle is the suspension system because it completely helps in resisting the unwanted forces in order to make the driver feel comfortable while driving. In order to make the wheels rise and fall on their own without causing any effect to the opposite wheel, an independent suspension is used. As per the application requirements, the front suspension and rear suspension of a vehicle can be made different. The paper focuses on the designing, analysis, and simulation of an ATV suspension system which was designed for a national level event namely Mahindra BAJA SAEINDIA 2018.

Published by: Abhipraya Deo Singh, Arun Kumar Singh, Sunil KumarResearch Area: Independent Suspension System

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Simulation, Ansys, Solidworks, Lotus suspension, Off-roading, Bumps, All-terrain.

Research Paper

53. Investigation of mechanical properties of KMnO4 treated Sansevieria cylindrical fiber reinforced polymer composite

The tensile, flexural and water absorption properties of randomly oriented short Sansevieria cylindrical fiber and Epoxy (SCFs) composites are described. Composites were fabricated using Potassium Permanganate (KMnO4) treated Sansevieria cylindrical fibers (SCFs) with the fiber length of 30mm each and 40% weight percentage of fiber. At this length and weight percentage, the tensile, flexural and water absorption properties of the composite were increased and a curtailment in properties occurred for higher fiber length composites. To improve the interfacial bond between SCFs and Epoxy resin, chemical surface treatments have been performed on the fibers in varying composition of 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% of Potassium Permanganate (KMnO4) in distilled water respectively. Each type of treated SCFs samples was separately used for fabricating the composites. The fiber density and fineness were approximately 0.915 ± 0.005 g/cm3 and 9 Tex, respectively. Above the other KMnO4 treatment compositions, 30% KMnO4 treated SCFs revealed the optimum increase in tensile, flexural and water absorption properties.

Published by: D. Hariharashayee, M. Akram Abu Hanif, S. Aravind, S. Mohamed Yasar, M. Abdul AzeezResearch Area: Engineering

Organisation: Erode Sengunthar Engineering College, Erode, Tamil NaduKeywords: Sansevieria cylindrica, Potassium permanganate (KMnO4), Weight percentage, Interfacial bond, Orientation.

Research Paper

54. Efficacy of Tukhme Khurfa (Portulaca oleracea L.) in abnormal uterine bleeding-an observational clinical study

Background: Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (AUB)- a term used to describe any type of bleeding that does not fall within the normal ranges for the amount, frequency, duration, or cyclicity. The estimated worldwide prevalence of subjective, self-defined abnormal uterine bleeding varies greatly from 4% to 52%. It is one of the frequently encountered gynecological problems responsible for about one-third of patients visiting gynecological OPD. It interferes with a women’s physical, social and emotional quality of life. Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of tukhme khurfa(Portulaca oleracea seeds) in the management of abnormal uterine bleeding. Material and methods: The study was designed, an open observational clinical study conducted in the Dept. of Ilmul Qablat was Amraze Niswan, NIUM hospital, Bengaluru. 30 women age group of 18-45 years with abnormal uterine bleeding were allocated. Roasted powder of tukhme khurfa in the form of the capsule (2gms) thrice a day was given for two consecutive cycles. Follow up was done before and after each menstrual cycle during treatment and after treatment once in a month for two consecutive cycles. Primary and secondary outcomes were assessed by Pictorial blood assessment chart (PBAC) at each follow-up. Hemoglobin percentage, Short form survey (SF-12), menstrual regulation, before and after treatment. Results: Statistical analysis was done by using Fisher exact. There was the significant reduction in PBAC score, improvement in SF-12 score with the p-value of < 0.001. The menstrual regulation also achieved in 26(86.7%) out of 30 patients. Interpretation and conclusion: Tukhme khurfa can be considered as an effective alternative medicine in the management of abnormal uterine bleeding. There was no adverse effect noted.

Published by: Dr. Benazir Khanam, Dr. Wajeeha Begum, Dr. Fateh Ali TipoResearch Area: Medical

Organisation: National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Abnormal uterine bleeding, Tukhme khurfa, PBAC, SF-12.

Research Paper

55. Economic thoughts of Pasumpon – An overview

Being a practical politician of pre and post independence period Muthuramalinga Thevar was aware of the economic trends and situations of India. He was always a supporter of the poor and endeavoured to illuminate the downtrodden from the obscure nature of economic backwardness. He always stood for the removal of the darkness of slavery. He desired to have the freedom of people from hunger and want. He was keen on the removal of ups and downs in the society. Muthuramalinga Thevar was clear that the freedom on granted by the British never changed the downtrodden economic condition of India because the labourers were starving continuously and remained constantly unchanged in their own economic standards. He vehemently criticised the removal of the ration system brought by Rajaji in 1952. He pinpointed that the British allowed 16 ounces rice per head but the Congress Government after 1947 reduced it to six ounces. It was realised that at this critical juncture the stoppage of ration system would cause untold miseries. The poor people could not get the required essential commodities at a higher price in the open market and that would place them under economic difficulties. By granting land the government must list the Harijans as forward people. If they obtained lands they would plough the land and earn their livelihood by their own work. They need not be coolies or wage earners. Further by the introduction of scientific method of agriculture the Government should avoid the migration of the unemployed rural farmers to the urban industrial centres. This was the practical economic measure suggested by Muthuramalinga Thevar for the development of rural India and those who were engaged in agriculture. He offered his wealth for the benefit of others. For equal and equitable distribution of wealth disparities in the works undertaken should be eliminated. There were no accusations of any nature on Muthuramalinga Thevar due to his flawless practical economic pursuits. As he could not bear with the sufferings of the economically poor and backward people he allowed many poor children and youths to stay in his home and offered them food and clothing without any expectations from them. So, his economy was a humanistic one. He openly declared that economic issues lead to inequalities. If the backward class people are rich and wealthy, even the well to do people of higher order would not hesitate to have cordial relationships with them. So, according to him, money alone was the deciding factor of social gradations. Thus, by his views, Muthuramalinga Thevar proved himself a real and practical economist. His economic viewpoints will be beneficial for all periods because his economic approaches were all based on his own direct observations of the existing conditions and not theory oriented.

Published by: J. Mekala DeviResearch Area: Modern Indian History

Organisation: The Standard Fireworks Rajaratnam College for Women, Sivakasi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Agriculture, Indian government, National economy, Ration system, Unemployment.

Research Paper

56. Role of missionaries in Indian education

The freedom given by the Charter Act of 1813 had so far been taken advantage of principally by the missionary societies from the United Kingdom. But the Charter Act of 1833 brought missions from other countries also on the scene. Prominent among them were the German and American Missions. The Basel Mission Society began work at Mangalore in 1834 and soon extended its activities very largely in the Kannada and Malayalam territory. Other important German societies were the Protestant Lutheran Missionary Society (founded at Dresden in 1836) and Women’s Association of Education of Females in the Orient (Founded in Berlin in 1842) both of which did considerable missionary work in India. Equally important was the appearance of the “well - manned and richly financed” American societies amongst which may be mentioned the American Baptist Union, the American Board, and the American Presbyterian Mission Board.

Published by: G. VennilaResearch Area: Mordern Indian History

Organisation: The Standard Fireworks Rajaratnam College for Women, Sivakasi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Baptist, Education, English, Missionaries, Schools.

Case Study

57. Review of management of saccro-coccygeal pilonidal sinus by Limberg flap – A prospective study

Introduction: Saccro-Coccygeal Pilonidal Sinus (SCPS)1 is a common affliction seen mostly in young slightly obese hirsute males. There are many ways to manage this, most commonly being excision and leaving a raw area to heal by secondary intention. This procedure necessitates long periods of dressing which causes much distress and inconvenience to patients. Also this method does not address to one of the basic causes of Sacro-coccygeal pilonidal sinus (SCPS) which is suction effect of a deep natal cleft. The other procedures are difficult to master and have their own set of issues for successful management. Methods: This was a prospective study was carried out in the Department of Surgery of a secondary care government hospital for a period of 18 months (July 2016 to December 2017). The total number of cases of SCPS surgery was 50. Here the focus is on management of SCPS by complete excision of infected tissue and on table primary coverage of defect using a Limberg flap with a follow up for 12 months. Results: Of the 50 patients operated there was seroma, wound infection and partial necrosis of flap in 13 patients. However there was no recurrence. When the wound was large and wound infections too were common in large wounds > 6cms transversely and 7cms vertically. Conclusions: SCPS disease can easily be managed by rhomboid excision and reconstruction by Limberg flap as it addresses the cause of sinus and has low complication rates, short hospitalisation, no recurrence rates, earlier healing and shorter time off work. The surgery can be easily mastered. However the dimensions of defect must be <6cms, lower end should be away from anal verge and preoperatively the sinus must be lavaged to have low infection rates and flap tip necrosis. We recommend Limberg flap as preferred surgery for cases of the Saccro-coccygeal Pilonidal sinus.

Published by: Dr. R N Sahai, Dr. Satish Kumar Sheoran, Dr. Jagmohan IndoraResearch Area: General Surgery

Organisation: North DMC Medical College and Hindu Rao Hospital, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Saccro-coccygeal pilonidal sinus, Limberg flap.

Research Paper

58. Reverse phase – High performance liquid chromatographic method for simultaneous estimation of sildenafil citrate and tadalafil in tablets dosage form

An isocratic liquid chromatographic method is described for simultaneous determination of Sildenafil citrate and Tadalafil in Tablets dosage forms. Chromatographic separations of both drugs was achieved on a Purosphere Star C‐8 column (150mm X4.6mm, i.d., 5μm,) using a mobile phase consisting of Water: Acetonitrile: Trifluoroacetic acid (65:35:0.1% v/v), with flow rate of 1.0ml/min and detection, was carried out at 220nm and 20ul injection volume was selected. The optimum separation was achieved in less than 15 minutes. The developed Liquid Chromatographic method offers symmetric peak shape, good resolution and reasonable retention time for both drugs. The developed method obeys beer’s law over the concentration range of 25 to 75μg/ml for Sildenafil and 5 to 15μg/ml for Tadalafil. The method was validated as per ICH guidelines and is suitable for the routine analysis of Sildenafil citrate and Tadalafil in tablet dosage forms.

Published by: Ashok Kumar, Dr. Vijay Kumar, Dr. Raman Mohan Singh, Jagdish Chaudhari, Priyanka KoriResearch Area: Pharmaceutical

Organisation: Central Drugs Testing Laboratories, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: RP-HPLC sildenafil and tadalafil, Sildalis tablets simultaneous.

Review Article

59. Influence of organisational citizenship behaviour on individual work commitment of information technology and information technology-enabled services employees

The performance is the key word in any business and the businesses try to improve the performance of the employees. The IT and ITES industry where the performance is the key for the business progress is looking out for the techniques by which the performance of the employees could be improved. Individual work commitment is found be one of the major factors instrumental in improving the performance of the employees. This paper tries to identify how far the organisational citizenship behaviour is influencing the individual work commitment of the employees in IT and ITES sector and thereby the performance of the employees.

Published by: J. Martina, Dr. R. MageshResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Organisational citizenship behaviour, Individual work commitment, Organisational commitment, Career commitment, Individual work performance, IT and ITES employees.

Case Study

60. Ventricular septal defect closure in ventricular septal rupture post-myocardial infarction: A case report

Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) after acute myocardial infarction is increasingly rare in the percutaneous coronary intervention era but mortality remains high. The event occurs 2-8 days after an infarction and often precipitates cardiogenic shock. [1] The differential diagnosis of postinfarction cardiogenic shock should exclude free ventricular wall rupture and rupture of the papillary muscles Prompt diagnosis is key. Alternatively, delaying surgery in stable patients may provide better results. Prolonged medical management is usually futile, percutaneous VSR closure may be used as a temporizing measure to reduce shunt, or for patients in the sub-acute to chronic period.

Published by: Dr. Uday Rajaram PatilResearch Area: Cardiology

Organisation: Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Navi Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: VSR, Ventricular septal rupture, Acute myocardial infarction, Percutaneous closure.

Case Study

61. India: Gender inequality in demography

Indian demography (population statistics) never shows the balance in last hundred years between male and female population. The increasing need for son increases the numerical difference between two sex. Such imbalance was continuously found in the census report from undivided India 1901 to last census 2011. The gender inequality in India not only changes the social status of the woman but also built a very negative view of the female. Various states in India have very low sex-ratio. Internationally, the death rate of India female child is 75% higher than the male child in India. Women literacy rate is also very poor, even it is below than the average literacy rate of India.

Published by: Biplab TripathyResearch Area: Demography of India

Organisation: Arunachal University of Studies, Namsai, Arunachal PradeshKeywords: Demography, Census, Sex-ratio, Death rate, Literacy rate

Research Paper

62. Study of baul community family relation and their philosophy: An overview of West Bengal

This title framing on “Study of Baul Community Family Relation and their Philosophy: An Overview of West Bengal” has been taken, because different problems can be solved by this subject. To focus the Baul Community Family Relation and their Philosophy is main object and for this the subject Peaceful Co-relation among Baul Community and Society has been chosen here. Though the existence Society has a value, yet especially importance has been given on value-added process which can be more valuable in our Society by Baul traditional, conceptual and spirituality. It has been shown how the Baul Songs, Dresses, Musical Instruments and their Behavioral approach are. It has also been discussed here about their Birth, Age, Population, Livelihood, Jobs, location. A gap between Baul Community and Society has been focused here. Another part of their Cosmic Energy, Cosmic Love and Cosmic Sex have been approached here in which form they believe. It has also been shown that they have National, International and Worldwide Value Ethically, Philosophically and Commercially. It is matter of thinking how such unknown common matter can widely spread out at home and abroad and how it is possible to strengthen the structural unit of our country in the sphere of applicability of Ideology, humanities, fraternities and equalities. I want to show these here. It has also been known that economically many backward families have not got their socio-economical respect yet now, but I have indicated that they get these in their lives. It has been seen that Indian folk culture and the Bauls Community are co-related and they maintain a socio environmental balance of mankind. Earning livelihood, taking responsibility of the family and properly maintaining the family is very difficult in this time to the poor people. The way of earning a normal income has been found out and even there is a possibility of being a remarkable way in folk culture. And the concept to give pleasure to the family has been hidden in it. It is a suitable folk unit for the developing and under-developing countries like us. It has a far-spreading result which is able to strengthen the Economical, Political, and Social bound in our society. As the concept is very ideal for this country, because most Bauls are Illiterate, Below Poverty, some of them are Addicted, some family members are involved in Quarreling every day, lead an Unhappy life and they have Little Social Respect comparatively. The fundamental argument and importance of family life and philosophical observation of Bengal’s Baul has been presented here. The importance of analysis of philosophical observation and the family life of Bengal’s Baul has come to say about fundamental thinking, fundamental theory is nothing. Here ‘Fundamental’ indicates ‘True or ‘False’. The rest theories of world stand on this theory and those are derivative theory. It has also been seen that in the conflict between True and False the victory of truth is ideal for society formation. But it varies from man to man. So the presentation of fundamental theory depends on some fixed men, places and fixed thinking, which is ideal for those men of those places.To present this theory it is not only difficult, but complicated too. So I am trying to present the main matters of Bauls’ family life and their philosophical aspect by accepting the truth and application. The Baul community is still now at swinging situation in the sphere of their social respect.The Baul community separate from their main stream and is trying to form a new society coming out from their traditional social system, which has become a mixed community. It is understood from the customs, manners, evil practices into the culture of pure Baul community that the tradition of Baul culture will be ruined like other folk culture for negligence. As the Baul society remains at the marginal level of total social system and a huge personal income is not seen among them in such developed eco-social system. So they will go to the level of negligence, unhealthy position. They are seen to take part more on sexuality for believing on physiology. As a result too-much reproduction, a sexual relation with other women, to form more families, haphazard maintaining system of families, negligence of education of their children, unconfined life-lead, even a game of hidden the truth is going on in this society. Cosmic energy, cosmic love and cosmic relation – these three together is mission and vision of Baul community which is coming in front of humanity gradually. But this concept is being faded out that cannot be understood. ‘Be simple, be soften, Be man co-related with man. ‘Sahaj Hao, Saral Hao, Manush Dhare Manush Hao’. It is understood that those who believe in this Man, those who are inspired by this idealism are very soften, simple and very ordinary man. Though they have nothing, yet they are maker of perfect man. They can change and rectify the structure and system of country. They are the policy maker of our society and they have its main theory of society making policy in their hand. They are also minstrel poet (Charan Kabi) and they deliver the speech of equality, fraternity and liberty without hesitation and bravely. They are now drowned. It is said if full of human resource is utilized; the blessing golden pot of society will be full. According to the poet, ‘Emon Manob Jamin Roilo Patit, Abad Korle Phalto Sona’. So today the time has come to co-relate among all; e.g self, group, community, Government and other organizations. As it has been got honored as social value, so the Bauls theory can be started in the level of basic, advanced and corporate level. In an international field it has spread out and it is able to bring honor for country. The economical development, socialization and understanding have been increased among persons, families and society. To involvement in different constructive works in society has been increased. In some fields they have taken a Role of Leadership. Overall they have turned into an Icon.

Published by: Patit Paban HalderResearch Area: Sociology (Social Science) Bengali Folk Baul Community Family Relation

Organisation: Seacom Skills University, Santiniketan, West BengalKeywords: Baul Philosophy, Baul of West Bengal.

Research Paper

63. Augmented reality based literature analyzer

Augmented Reality (AR) is a growing area in virtual reality research. The world environment around us provides a wealth of information that is difficult to duplicate in a computer. An augmented reality system generates a composite view for the user. In this project, we were tasked with exploring present innovations and industry practices in the area of Augmented Reality. This knowledge was used to create an interactive literature analyzer using an AR application. This study aimed to implement Augmented Reality on literature like novels, magazines, children’s books by recognizing novel’s cover as a marker and to add the novel’s details on top of the cover in the device upon recognition. This way, a person interested in buying or reading a novel can have an authentic review of the book and then decide whether to buy it or not. The person will be able to read about the Author, the rating, the publishing date, and the preface of the book. Also, a Farm Animals children’s book is made in which farm animals image is used as a marker and their 3D view is shown. This project should prove quite beneficial in the real world as it will make books more interactive and attractive to students. It will be used in schools, college's libraries and in bookselling stores. This project will make it easier for people to decide which books to read and which to skip since they would have an authentic review to judge the book. Also, the AR 3D models book can make learning fun for children. Today augmented reality has spread its wings not just into gaming but also into our day to day life. From retail business to the health sector. Augmented reality has shown its capabilities and showcased its future scopes to all of us. The future of augmented reality seems really bright. Like any other evolving technology, AR also faces some obstacles regarding technical issues, to social and ethical problems to financial problem. Where none of the issues seems overwhelming. With time, all the technical issues will be resolved and AR will definitely showcase something that would fill the gaps between social and ethical issues too.

Published by: Saurabh Negi, Shivank Chopra, Bhaskar KapoorResearch Area: Augmented Reality

Organisation: Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Technology, Rohini, DelhiKeywords: Augmented reality, Unity, Vuforia, Mobile application, C#.

Research Paper

64. RP-HPLC method development and validation for the Estimation of Ciprofloxacin HCl and Betamethasone Sodium Phosphate in Eye/Ear drop dosage forms

A simple precise, accurate Reverse Phase isocratic High-performance liquid chromatography method has been developed for simultaneous determination of Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride (CIPRO) and Betamethasone Sodium Phosphate (BETA) in Eye/Ear drop Pharmaceutical dosage form.Both drugs are separated by using Purosphere Star C‐18 column (250mm X4.6mm ID 5μm,) with the mobile phase consisting of 50 mM phosphate buffer solution pH 3.0: Acetonitrile (70:30 % v/v), with the flow rate of 1.0mL/min and detection wavelength set at 240nm.The optimum separation was achieved in less than 10 minutes. The developed Liquid Chromatographic method offers symmetric peak shape, good resolution and reasonable retention time for both drugs. The linearity study of the developed method carried out from the concentration range of 600 to 1800μg/ml for Ciprofloxacin and 20 to 60μg/ml for Betamethasone sodium phosphate, the Correlation coefficient found to be more than 0.999 for both Ciprofloxacin and Betamethasone Sodium Phosphate. The percentage recovery was found 99.41% for Ciprofloxacin and 99.69% for Betamethasone Sodium Phosphate. The method was validated as per ICH guidelines and is suitable for the routine analysis in dosage forms.

Published by: Dr. Anantharama. G Nayaka, Arun. K Nagarkar, Dr. Vijay Kumar M, Manasi Patel, Dr. Raman Mohan SinghResearch Area: Analytical Method Development

Organisation: Central Drugs Testing Laboratory, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: RP-HPLC, Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride, Betamethasone Sodium Phosphate, Simultaneous and Ceflox-D Eye/ear Drops.