Volume 5, Issue 5

May, 2020

Research Paper

1. Helix

Helix is a rover based on the principle of a suspension system. The rover is developed with a highly stable suspension system capable of operating in multi-terrain surfaces. The rover can sustain a tilt of over 50 degrees without flipping over the sideways. The rover can be also rotated in left or right direction for better controllability. A six-wheeled rover capable of traversing rough terrain using an efficient high degree of mobility suspension system has been chosen for the purpose. Six motors are located inside the body where thermal variation is kept to a minimum, increasing reliability and efficiency. Six wheels are used because there are few obstacles on natural terrain that require both front wheels of the rover to climb simultaneously. A camera and appropriate sensors are also mounted in the rover. In case of any variation in surrounding of the working area, the rover can alert the authority for the safety of the workers. With the implementation of rover in mining industries, we can surely say that many lives can be saved.

Published by: Anshul Kumar Bhutani, Abhishek Bhatnagar, Awantika Srivastava, Saroj KumarResearch Area: Electrical and Electronics Engineering

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Rocker bogie, Terrain, Stair climbing, Rover, Mining, Sensors

Research Paper

2. Impact of SHG’s on socio-economic development of Sugali Tribal women in Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh

Self Help Groups (SHGs) enable women to expand their savings and access the credit which banks are increasingly willing to lend. In the present study an attempt has been made to analyse the structure, conduct and performance of self help groups and their impact on socio economic development of 500 Sugali tribal women in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh, by administering a descriptive research design. 85 percent of the women in the study were married.71 percent of the sample comes under Nuclear family type, gained colony houses constructed by the Government and the formation of SHG was initiated by Government agencies to an extent of 80 percent. Illiteracy was noticed to an extent of 31 percent. In the study area a maximum of 93 percent of the SHG members use to have group meeting monthly once and also members use to save Rs. 50 per month. 72 percent of the sample was still surviving as members only and the same percent was observed in members lending amount from private sector banks while one quarter of them are lending from public sector commercial banks. 92 percent of the members expressed that they joined in the group to promote the culture of savings among themselves. Almost half of the sample was utilizing the loan amount towards their children education, cattle and construction of house. After joining the SHG, 98 percent of the women habituated for vivid purposes like independently to approaching the bank for their needs, speak with outsiders, communication skills to deal with the main stream life, awareness of rights and procedures and confidence to start a new SHG. In conclusion the results inferred that a remarkable change in their social and economic life was noticed among the Sugali tribal women upon becoming member in the SHG.

Published by: Gujjula Sudha, K. Surendranadha Reddy, Kanala Kodanda Reddy, P. Chandrasekhar RaoResearch Area: Anthropology

Organisation: Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Self Help Groups, Socio-economic, Sugali tribe, Rural

Review Paper

3. Three methods of finding remainder on the operation of modular exponentiation by using calculator

The primary purpose of this paper is that the contents of the paper were to become a learning aid for the learners. Learning aids enhance one's learning abilities and help to increase one's learning potential. They may include books, diagram, computer, recordings, notes, strategies, or any other appropriate items. In this paper we would review the types of modulo operations and represent the knowledge which we have been known with the easiest ways. The modulo operation is finding of the remainder when dividing. The modulus operator abbreviated “mod” or “%” in many programming languages is useful in a variety of circumstances. It is commonly used to take a randomly generated number and reduce that number to a random number on a smaller range, and it can also quickly tell us if one number is a factor of another. If we wanted to know if a number was odd or even, we could use modulus to quickly tell us by asking for the remainder of the number when divided by 2. Modular exponentiation is a type of exponentiation performed over a modulus. The operation of modular exponentiation calculates the remainder c when an integer b rose to the eth power, bᵉ, is divided by a positive integer m such as c = be mod m [1]. It is useful in computer science, especially in the field of public-key cryptography. The modulo operation is important for cryptography because it can act as a one-way function that the output obscures the input. In this paper we discuss the three methods of finding the remainder in the modular exponentiation based on the formula by using a calculator.

Published by: Zin Mar Win, Khin Mar ChoResearch Area: Mathematics and Computer Science

Organisation: University of Computer Studies, Myitkyina, MyanmarKeywords: Learning Aid, Modulo Operation, Remainder, Modular Exponentiation, Calculator

Research Paper

4. Ageism: A comparative study among young adults

Ageism considered as stereotyping and discrimination towards age. Bigotry against older people can be detrimental for their health and well-being. The present study aims to find out the effect of gender (male and female) and staying condition (who stayed with old and who didn’t stay with old) on benevolent and hostile ageism. A total number of 98 participants have been selected by purposive sampling technique. The current study is a 2X2 factorial design. Results found young adults who are not staying with old have scored more in benevolent ageism than those who are staying with old people. Result from the simple effect analysis showed that female participants who are staying with old have more hostile ageism compare to those who are not staying with old.

Published by: Suchismita Pramanik, Shubhendu BiswalResearch Area: Social Psychology

Organisation: National Institute of Science, Education and Research, Bhubaneswar, OdishaKeywords: Ageism, Stereotype, Young Adults, Elderly People

Research Paper

5. Cybernetics and cyber counselling interface in crisis resilience and coping: Impact of intervention

The functional dimensions of human interactions and development in the Globe, have been etched in the glorious histories of how the world fraternity has progressed from an era of ear-to-ear talk to the era to Wi-Fi. Cybernetics and Cyber-Counselling have emerged as resourceful and impactful thresholds to human development, holistic health and well-being. Particularly, during the current times of the crisis situations, in which the paradigms of social interactions have been restricted to from-a-distance interactions; the usability and dynamism of cybernetics have scaled up. The present study is an attempt to develop an interface between cybernetics, cyber-counselling and their efficacy in terms of facilitating one’s resilience, coping styles through locus of control and help-seeking behaviour. Finding of the study have been promising at both the levels of significance (p<.05; p<.01) and the qualitative narratives as well.

Published by: Dr. Saswati Jena, Dr. Sareeta BeheraResearch Area: Counselling Psychology and Cybernetics

Organisation: Silicon Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar, OdishaKeywords: Counselling, Cyberspace, Well-Being, Mental Health, Cybernetics, Technology

Review Paper

6. Finite element analysis of Incremental sheet forming

Incremental sheet metal forming is a relatively new technology developed to fabricate complex geometries which simultaneously streamlines the process by reducing the manufacturing time as well as the set up cost. The process is carried out with a CNC machine with a rotating forming tool following predefined trajectories defined by the contour of the aforementioned geometries. In this work we use a laboratory scale incremental forming to design and form geometries with a vertical head CNC machine. Three dimensional models of the parts required will be modelled and corresponding NC codes were generated accordingly. Simulations are created and would be verified by comparing it with the experimental procedure.

Published by: A. Swaroop Raj, K. Yagnavalkya, Nithin Chandra, Chandrasekhar YadavResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: St. Martin's Engineering College, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Incremental Forming, Complex Geometries, Forming Angle, Formability, Simulation