Volume 4, Issue 3

March, 2019

Research Paper

1. A sociological study on changing family structure in Baramullah Kashmir

Globalization as a process is the outcome of various factors like technological, educational, economic, political and socio-cultural etc. It is a process of conversion of local or provincial things into global ones. With modern ways of life, our traditional values and norms lose their importance and new ideas, values and practices were added to society. Almost every institution in our social structure is affected by modernization and its agents. Change in the organ of society results in changing other institutions as well. Family as a fundamental unit witnessed dramatic changes over a period of time. The change in the rural settlement resulted in the change of the joint family system in our country. Family structure, size, the authority has been changing due to the impact of liberalization, privatization, and globalization in the entire world. In our country, the majority population still resides in the countryside but the family system has changed both in urban as well as rural areas of the country. The present paper will highlight the major alterations in the family system in Kashmir.

Published by: Zubair Ahmad Bhat, Dr. Rajshrishastri, Dr. Shashank Shekhar ThakurResearch Area: Baramulla Kashmir

Organisation: Barkatullah University, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Modernization, Family structure, Authority, Nuclear family

Research Paper

2. Terrorism and role of the United Nations

The purpose of this paper is to lay emphasis on the remarkable role of the United Nations in combating the global issue of terrorism. The United Nations Charter, 1945 aims to maintain international peace and security. To achieve this tremendous goal, the United Nations along with the peaceful partnership of Member States needs to address the alarming issue of terrorism. This work significantly takes into considerations the various attempts of the United Nations to combat terrorism. This includes the legal instruments to prevent terrorist acts, various resolutions passed by the United Nations Security Council and the United Nations General Assembly, UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force. The four pillars included in the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy have been dealt with in detail. Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force and its thematic Working Groups work for implementation of the Counter-Terrorism Strategy. These attempts by the United Nations are fruitful in knitting all nations together. In report A/71/858, released in 2017, the Secretary-General, António Guterres explores the outstanding role of the United Nations. The United Nations’ approach to addressing terrorism is very thorough and noteworthy. But, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive Convention to develop to clearly give a clear pathway to fight against terrorism. Terrorism, is an international problem cannot be solely solved by the United Nations. For this, all nations need to come together and develop strong judicial machinery. They should join hands with the United Nations system to support education, equality, human rights, and awareness.

Published by: Akash SinghResearch Area: International Law

Organisation: Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Terrorism, United Nations, Counter-terrorism strategy, International law, Global issue

Case Study

3. A recent case reports on unfamiliar Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease

Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease (KFD) also known by a name called Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis. It is very rare, non-cancerous and self-limiting Auto-Immune disease but most suspected as to be cancer, tuberculosis and systemic lupus erythematosus. It has symptoms such as cervical lymphadenopathy (enlargement of lymph nodes), low fever, headache, fatigue, night sweats, and muscles pain. It typically affects young females aged between 20-35 years and it mostly affects Asian populations. The correct identification of KFD is characterized by Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology by taking a blood sample from the swollen lymph node. Diagnosis is also possible with Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy. Treatment for this disease has not been established. Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs or steroids are in use to ease tenderness of lymph node and fever.

Published by: Jasleen Kaur, Atif Khurshid Wani, Bijay Kumar Yadav, Bhuban SubediResearch Area: Biotechnology

Organisation: Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, PunjabKeywords: Kikuchi Fujimoto disease, Cervical Lymphadenopathy, Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Lympho-histiocytic

Research Paper

4. An effective approach of semantic analysis to natural language translation system (English-Myanmar language)

English is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world these days. Most of the commercial websites are also being designed in English language. So, we need a language translation system to understand all websites and all information from the internet. This paper is one part of the English-Myanmar Machine Translation system. In our system, tagged English text is accepted as input. Firstly, these tags are tokenized. Each phrase is tokenized. The structure is basically a list of tokens. The linguistics clues are normalized. And then dictionary look up is performed. The guessing process is applied. Since the files are sorted according to alphabetically, required information can be searched quickly with a binary search. The dictionary-based translation technique produces one or more translation terms in the target language for each term in the source language. We propose a method called word sense disambiguation to solve the ambiguity of words. By using this technique and bilingual lexicon, the system may retrieve correct translated words.

Published by: Tin Htar Nwe, Phyo Phyo WaiResearch Area: Natural Language Processing

Organisation: University of Computer Studies, Magway, MyanmarKeywords: Language translation, Machine translation, Word sense disambiguation, Bilingual lexicon

Thesis

5. A study to assess the knowledge about disaster preparedness among inhabitants in a selected urban area, Bangalore, with a view to develop an information booklet

Background Disasters in modern times have transcended borders of nations and class and have a devastating impact in terms of human and material losses. As the recent tsunami demonstrated, disasters can take diverse regions unawares and wreak havoc on a hapless populace. Global initiatives for disaster preparedness and reduction should, therefore, be given the highest priority by the international community.

Published by: Ceeba FrancisResearch Area: Community Health

Organisation: Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research University, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Knowledge, Disaster, Disaster preparedness, Community inhabitants, Information booklet

Case Study

6. Observation on vascular malformation in respect of sclerotherapy as a treatment of choice

Vascular malformations are a vast group of congenital malformations that are present at birth and can affect any type of vessels like artery, vein, and lymphatics. These malformations can cause pain, pressure, and cosmetic annoyance as well as downturn growth and development in a child in the case of high flow. Sclerotherapy has become an important tool in the treatment of vascular malformations. However, little is known about the success rate of sclerotherapy. In this study, the efficiency of sclerotherapy in the treatment of vascular anomalies was investigated retrospectively in 36 patients treated at Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna between May 2017 to December 2018. Results: Out of the 36 patients investigated, 94% (34) had Venous Malformations (VMs) and 6% (2) were defined as having arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Out of all VMs cases 2(6%) VMs patients were operated. Hence 88% (32) of patients with a VMs received significant relief solely from sclerotherapy. The duration of treatment for the 6 % of the VM patients that needed a surgical procedure was prolonged by 5-7months. Sclerotherapy is an effective treatment modality for VMs with a satisfactory clinical response in 88% of cases.

Published by: Ravindra Prasad, Arvind Kumar, Ashutosh Kumar, Vishal KumarResearch Area: Surgery

Organisation: Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna, BiharKeywords: VMs (Venous Malformation) CVMs (Congenital Veous Malformation), Sclerotherapy

Research Paper

7. Knowledge, attitude, and practice on 3D printing among orthodontist in India – An online questionnaire study

The aim of this paper is to assess Knowledge, attitude, and practice on 3D printing among orthodontist in India. Orthodontists who were registered in Indian Orthodontic Society and practicing in India were included in this study. A survey google forms online tool was utilized in this study. Responses which were received by the orthodontists were included for evaluation. Amongst 2200 orthodontists only 800 orthodontists responded to the questionnaire. A total of 89% of respondents indicated that they heard of 3D printing used specifically for Dento maxillofacial region. A total of 83% practitioner think 3D printing has advantages over other Digital Imaging Modalities and 47.5% used 3D printing in clinical orthodontic practice as a diagnostic tool. The present study shows better awareness of 3D printing among orthodontist and this study suggests that more knowledge should be gained on this emerging new technology for better diagnosis and treatment planning.

Published by: Dr. Maitry Parikh, Dr. Narayan Kulkarni, Dr. Margi ParikhResearch Area: Dentistry

Organisation: K M Shah Dental College and Hospital, Vadodara, GujaratKeywords: 3D printing, Attitude, Knowledge, Orthodontist, Practice, Questionnaire