Volume 3, Issue 1

Volume 3, Issue 1

January, 2018

Research Paper

1. A Study to Assess the Knowledge on Lead Poisoning Among Students of Selected Colleges at Bangalore Urban With a View to Develop an Information Booklet

Lead poisoning is also called as plumbism, saturnism or painter’s colic. Lead poisoning occurs when blood lead levels are equal to or more than 10 micrograms per decilitre. The world health organization says 120 million people are overexposed to lead and 99% of the most serious cases are in the developing world. The population of developing nations like India is particularly more susceptible to lead poisoning because of the problem of environmental contamination. Scientific studies have been conducted all over the world including India to determine the extent of knowledge on lead poisoning, but the available data do not reflect a true scenario about the knowledge of lead poisoning among the general public. The greatest risk of injury from lead poisoning is to children. Prevention remains the best option for reducing childhood lead exposure, however knowledge, attitude and practice to lead exposure in many developing countries are not known. Thus the investigator felt the need to conduct a study to assess the knowledge of lead poisoning among the youngsters and educate them regarding the symptoms and prevention of lead poisoning as they are the glue that holds the country together and spread the knowledge gained far and wide through peer group influence.

Published by: Deepa S. NairResearch Area: Lead Poisoning

Organisation: St.John's College of Nursing, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Lead Poisoning, Knowledge, College Students, Information Booklet, Baseline Variables.

Review Article

2. The Impact of Skill Development on Women Empowerment

Women empowerment is one of the biggest tools for ‘effective development’ of any country. It means freedom of women from the vicious circle of social, political, economic and gender-based discrimination. Making women aware of their rights and developing confidence in them – is a central issue. It is essential for them to be skilled in order to be able to better serve their families at home as well as professionally. Skill development not only creates employment opportunities but also empowers them. The aim of skill development, in case of women, is not just simply preparing them for jobs; but also to boost their performance by improving the quality of work in which they are involved. This paper clearly highlights the impact of skill development on women empowerment. The basic need for empowering women is to instill the required skills and abilities in order to shape up their overall personality & raise their status within the society.

Published by: Anjali VyasResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur, RajasthanKeywords: Women Empowerment, Skill Development, Inclusive Growth

Research Paper

3. Social Entrepreneurship in Hong Kong

Social enterprises are self-sustainable, scalable, replicable and profitable whereas a charitable organization runs on the grants or contributions by society. Since the advent of social entrepreneurship in Hong Kong is an unconventional affair, the article discusses its importance, opportunities, getting started with social enterprise, government policies, removing distrusts about social enterprises along with success stories of existing social organizations.

Published by: Sanchit Tuli, Anmol GuptaResearch Area: Social Entrepreneurship

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Social Entrepreneurship, Self-Sustainable Organisations, Solving Social Problems, Social Enterprise

Research Paper

4. South Korea's Corruption in the Context of Chaebol's and Crony Capitalism

The corruption in South Korea is a big obstacle for the democratic development of Korea. The Govt of South Korea, over years, has been struggling to abolish the corruption in their country with very limited success. The main reason of this is a weakness of public officials that they receive as a social gift rather than bribing like it’s a stereotype Corruption is associated with lobbying and there is no any prevention acts in South Korea. Different markers of corruption demonstrate that South Korea has been generally fruitful in controlling of defilement, contrasted with other Asian nations, in spite of the fact that the nation's execution is still beneath OECD norms. Specifically, the level of insignificant bureaucratic corruption is among the worst in Asia, alongside Japan, Hong Kong, and Singapore as per Transparency International's Global Corruption Barometer overviews.

Published by: Malepati Shanmukha Nath, Kasidid KaewmaneeResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Transparency, Corruption, Chaebols, Crony Capitalism, Confucianism, Culture. Gift-Giving Culture.

Research Paper

5. Retail Therapy a New Way for Shoppers to Unwind

The Indian retail industry has emerged as one of the most vibrant and fast-paced industries due to the entry of several new players. It accounts around 10 percent to the GDP of the country. The drift of shoppers towards shopping malls is showing an impressive growth. Consumers and their vast brand preferences are playing an essential role in the formation of new shopping malls. Nagpur being a Tier-2 city is now witnessing a drastic change in shoppers. As shopping is no more of buying things but viewed as a status symbol and a one-stop retail resolution. The study revolves around three shopping malls in Nagpur city. The paper examines the variables of brand preferences among shoppers and their perspectives. They are Ambience, Huge and convenient Parking Diversity of brands, Abundant choice, Discount offers, Easy returns and exchange, Behavior of salespeople, Entertainment Halls, Food court, Convenient Hours, Safety The researcher found that the above variables are the mediating factors for the consumers which lead to the buying behavioral changes of consumers

Published by: Dr. Vandana RaoResearch Area: MBA

Organisation: Dr. Ambedkar Institute of Management Studies and Research, NagpurKeywords: Consumer, Behavior, Brand, Preferences, Mall

Research Paper

6. Are Automotive Related Laws of Singapore the Solution to Bengaluru’s Traffic Problems?

The lack of effectively supervised development in Bengaluru, the capital of Karnataka has made got itself gridlocked. People spend sizable amounts of working hours stuck in traffic. The existing efforts from the government’s side to tackle this problem have little or no effect in curbing traffic. The main purpose of this paper is to offer more solutions to tackle the prevailing traffic problems. The concepts behind the solutions offered are mainly derived from that of Singapore’s initiatives to curb traffic over the years. Why Singapore is because the island city-state has managed to show tangible results through their initiatives like COE, ERP, ARF. Most of the solutions are derived from the Singaporean legalities with relation to ownership of automobiles.

Published by: Deepika Pachisia, S. SiddharthResearch Area: Traffic Management

Organisation: Christ Deemed to be University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Gridlock, COE-Certificate of entitlement, ERP- Electronic Road Pricing, ARF-Additional Registration Fee

Research Paper

7. Singapore Business Oppurtunities

A good startup needs a good business environment for better development and sustainability of the business in which it established. Singapore’s economic success is characterized by the pioneering spirit of its forefathers. Today, this same immovable soul is epitomized in our 180,000 little and medium ventures (SMEs), which keep on serving as the building squares of the economy. SMEs makeup 99% of the nation's ventures and add to about a large portion of the GDP. As SMEs utilize 70% of Singapore's workforce, these ventures assume a noteworthy part in the improvement of Singapore's future and to make steady employment for Singaporeans. Singapore is one of the best countries to start up a business, its business environment, tax systems, Government policies, encourages privatization, with huge customer base for every market and also high standard of living of the people is a perfect destination for all entrepreneurs and for their ideas to establish in Singapore

Published by: Shhalvik Jain, Vishal GuptaResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Privatization, Destination, Entrepreneurs

Case Study

8. Pneumoperitoneum: Think above Gut Perforation

Pneumoperitoneum is a surgical emergency. Commonest cause in a neonate is hollow viscus perforation either secondary to Neonatal enterocolitis (NEC) or spontaneous perforation. The usual management of this is an exploratory laparotomy. We report 2 rare cases of pneumoperitoneum, one with pneumoscrotum, secondary to air leak (pneumothorax) in the congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Both babies were managed with chest drain, with the resolution of pneumoperitoneum preoperatively.

Published by: Dr. R. Praveen, Dr. V. Prakash , Dr. Arasar Seeralar Research Area: Neonatology

Organisation: Institute of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Pneumoperitoneum, Gut Perforation

Research Paper

9. Critical Factors Affecting the Quality Management System in Oil and Gas On-Shore Drilling Sector For In-Sourcing Drilling Model

The intention of this research is to define the critical variables which are affecting the overall quality management system and develop a sustainable quality management system (SQMS) for Oil and Gas sector, specifically for On-shore drilling operations, by which it will enhance the overall performance for the In-Sourcing drilling model. However, the intention of this paper (Part-1) is to demonstrate the roadmap of developing the conceptual framework which is driven from other different quality theoretical frameworks and models (where it was concluded after a comprehensive literature review that there is no fit for purpose QMS in a specific sector, instead companies depend on generic frameworks such as ISO: 9001, etc). The concluded results are that conceptual framework consists of independent variables which are (competency framework, preventive maintenance, management of change (MOC) and people recognition and dependent variable which is the overall performance by establishing a sustainable quality management system. The author used the Total Quality Management (TQM) model (focusing on three areas which are technology and digitalization assurance and lean) to study the effect of independent variable on the overall performance. In part 2, all the sampling and data analysis will be demonstrated to confirm the proposed conceptual framework as described in part1

Published by: Ali Malik AL Harthy, Yu Hock Oo, Said. M. Al-Saqri, Asif M KarimResearch Area: Business and Quality Management

Organisation: Binary University, SelangorKeywords: QMS, ISO: 9001, TQM, APIQ2, Theoretical Framework and Conceptual Framework.

Review Article

10. Taiwan Business Opportunities

Taiwan Small Business Online Directory and Company Index. People in Taiwan and around the world are daily searching the internet to find trusted and reliable business contacts. One way Taiwanese SME and local small businesses can get found is by listing in the best free online company directories. Adding your Taiwan local business listing to these online directories is easy. But if you only list in a few of them, you’re really loosing out a huge opportunity to get found online. A listing in the Taiwan Online Small Business Directory is therefore very much recommended. 4 Important Young Taiwanese Entrepreneurs under 30. Forbes Asia Magazine has selected the top promising young leaders, daring entrepreneurs and game changers and Asian startups: 4 Important Young Taiwanese Entrepreneurs under 30. Follow the link to find the categorized full list of the four talented and recognized individuals from Taiwan

Published by: Rishabh Agrawal, Shivam MalooResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Opportunity, Taiwanese Entrepreneurs, Small businesses, Categorization.

Research Paper

11. Gynecological (Menstrual) Problems among Adolescent Females

Dr. Akshita dadu 3rd year M.S PG resident (SBKSMIRC) VADODARA 9892705444 ABSTRACT (PAPER) TITLE : Gynaecological (Menstrual) problems among adolescent females. BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Adolescence is the period in girls which links childhood to adult hood. Menstrual disturbances are common during the early postmenarchal years.so the study is aimed at knowing the patterns of menstrual disturbances which are physiological and also the pathological conditions and their effect on adolescents health. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Adolescent girls aged between 15 to 19 years attending gyneac OPD Dhiraj hospital , Sumandeep Vidyapeeth during the study period till all cases are collected. The Study group consist of 50 adolescent girls 25 with menstrual disturbances and 25 with normal menstrual cycle. RESULTS: In our study, among the abnormal menstrual patterns, oligomenorrhea was leading cause (15 %) , followed by hypomenorrhea and puberty menorrhagia (10% ) .Primary dysmenorrhea which was spasmodic in nature .20 % of the girls were pallor on clinical basis. CONCLUSION: As per our study it was concluded that menstrual problems were the common complaints of the adolescent females.Thus it is concluded that, along with providing better health care services, workshops and seminars for those adolescents regarding how adolescent can develop healthy life style practices.

Published by: Dr. Akshita Dadu, Dr. Neha Kantharia, Dr. Vishwa TuwarResearch Area: Gynaecology

Organisation: Sumandeep Vidyapeeth Medical College and Hospital, Vadodara, GujaratKeywords: FSH - Follicle Stimulating Hormone , LH - Luteinizing Hormone , PRL - Prolactin Releasing Hormone , USG -Ultrasonography , PCOS - Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome , DUB - Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding

Research Paper

12. A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Video Assisted Teaching on No-Scalpel Vasectomy among Industrial Workers at Deepak Nitrate Industry Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh

A study to assess the effectiveness of Video-Assisted Teaching on No-Scalpel Vasectomy among industrial workers in selected Industry Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. The research approach selected for the study was pre-experimental approach with one group pre and post-test design. The study was conducted among 30 industrial workers at Deepak Nitrate Industry Jeedimetla Hyderabad. Samples were selected for the study by using Convenience sampling technique. The data were collected using structured questionnaire. Which consisted of two sections. Reliability of the tool was elicited through internal homogenecity by using Karl Pearson correlation coefficient and it was found to be reliable r = 0.75. The pilot study was conducted on 5 industrial workers at APCPDCL industry Erragadda, Hyderabad. The knowledge levels among industrial workers on No-Scalpel Vasectomy the above average is 0 (0%) in pretest and it has been increased to 21(70%) in post-test. The average is 13(43.33%) in pretest and it has been decreased to 9(30%) in post-test, and the below average is 17(56.67%) in pretest and it has been decreased to 0(0%) in post-test. The overall knowledge score before video assisted teaching was (8.23%) mean with SD(1.25) and it was increased to (17.13%) mean with SD (2.44) and the paired ‘t’ value was 18.25 significance at 0.001 level This shows that there is a significant difference between the knowledge level on No-Scalpel Vasectomy before and after Video Assisted Teaching. The results showed that there is no significant association between pretest knowledge on No-Scalpel Vasectomy with selected demographic variables.

Published by: Srilakshmi BattulaResearch Area: Hyderabad

Organisation: Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh Keywords: no-scalpel vasectomy, industrial, homogenicity

Research Paper

13. Business Relations of South Korea with the Remaining Three Little Asian Dragons

The article gives the overview of the growth and development of Republic of Korea (South Korea) after its independence in 1948. South Korea, one of the four Asian Tigers which are growing in a rapid rate is the hub for doing business. The speed and scope of South Korea’s development in recent years have been as impressive as its economic development in previous decades. Since the transition to democracy occurred, with the belated arrival of political liberalisation and a return to direct presidential elections in 1987.The investments started flowing into the country in the form of FDI and FPI from many developed countries. This was what exactly happened in the other three little dragons as well. All the four countries had a necessity to be together, trade with each other, get raw materials, and export finished goods from one country to another. All parts of the world were trying to become self sufficient by signing treaties like NAFTA and other free trade agreements. The four nations still relying on China, had to make deals and agreements on their own so that their economy will also prosper just like the other North American and European counties .South Korea, after liberating from mainland Korea it decided to reduce the reliance on China and start developing on its own with the help of the other three Asian dragons and made many agreements, treaties, free trade agreements with Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan as well. The article is a small research on the current trade relations of South Korea and the other three Asian Dragons and the impact of it on South Korea.

Published by: Shraddha Karol, Shreya GudipatiResearch Area: Business Studies

Organisation: Student Business Studies, Christ (Deemed to be University), KarnatakaKeywords: Republic of Korea, Four Asian Tigers, Scope for Development, Reliance on China, NAFTA, Liberation, Current Trade Relations.

Research Paper

14. Lattice Dynamics of ND4Cl and TlCl using Vander Walls and Three Body Interactions

Complete lattice dynamical behaviour of ND4Cl as well TlCl have been studied with the help of new phenomenological model, van der Waals three-body force shell model (VTSM), incorporating the effect of van der Waals interactions (vWI) along with long-range screened Coulomb and three-body interactions (TBI) in the frame work of rigid shell model where short range interactions are operative up to the second neighbour in these halides. This new model presents an excellent agreement with available experimental data and a vast improvement for the theoretical available data for phonon dispersion curve (PDCs) for [q00], [qq0] and [qqq] directions in case , variation of Debye Temperature Curve and combined density state (CDS) curve and anharmonic properties such as third and fourth order elastic constants and pressure derivative of second order elastic constants. It is observed this new model presents an excellent agreement with available experimental data and a vast improvement for the theoretical available data for phonon dispersion curve (PDC), variation of Debye Temperature Curve and combined density state (CDS) curve and anharmonic properties such as third and fourth order elastic constants and pressure derivative of second order elastic constants. It is believed that incorporation of van der Waals interaction enables us to produce a vast study of lattice dynamical and other derivable properties. A good agreement has been obtained between experimental and VTSM values for dependant properties.

Published by: S. K Shukla, Law Kumar Pandey, K. S UpadhyayaResearch Area: Material Science

Organisation: Goel Institute of Technology & Management, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Lattice Dynamics, Phonon Dispersion Curves, Debye Temperature, Two Phonon IR and Raman Spectra, Anharmonic Elastic Constants, Combined Density of States

Review Article

15. South Korea- A fruitful Business Startup

South Korea is known as a rapidly growing prosperous economy, home to global conglomerates called chaebols. However, the actual opportunities and challenges of the South Korean market remain unknown to most foreign companies. Yet recent developments in the South Korean economy are opening new opportunities for foreign companies. At the same time, South Korea is actively searching for new paths to future prosperity, as it is increasingly challenged by other Asian countries. Understanding the South Korean economy, its opportunities and future direction is thus a very timely subject.

Published by: Harshul Bokadia, Sanchit JainResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bengaluru, Karnataka.Keywords: Chaebols, Opportunities, Conglomerates, Prosperity.

Research Paper

16. Research Proposal for Parametric Study of Sustainable Concrete Produced Using Marginal Material as an Internal Curing Agent for Partial Replacement of Natural Sand in Subtropical Climate of Central India

The paper is an attempt to address some of the issues of modern civilization like solid waste management of debris of Construction and Demolition waste, identifying alternatives for fast depleting natural sand, and the scarcity of water for construction purpose in the various fast-developing cities. In central India, the cluster of Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha together are the largest manufacturer of low lime-fly ash in the country. The previous works on the use of construction and demolition waste in concrete as alternatives to aggregate have reported a loss in the vital properties of concrete. The research plan presented in the paper looks to extend beyond these confined results and explore the possibility to produce strong and durable concrete using marginal materials by sustainable strategies. On integrating the two problems a solution for concrete is obtained using construction and demolition waste crushed bricks as internal curing agent thus improving the efficiency of external curing and using fly ash for improving microstructure, strength and durability of concrete. The paper also intends to share the core idea and the methodology of the research work so that better and wider alternatives of the proposed model will be tested and reported for the interest of the Nation at large and the region in particular. Considering the fact that India is being rebuilt small sustainable efforts like these can have significant impacts in saving natural resources, create space in cities, reduce carbon footprints, and reduce environmental impact. This partnership is invited from the practitioners to carry the findings of research beyond the boundaries of laboratories to practical field applications.

Published by: Nishant Yadav, Dr. Shirish V. Deo, Dr. G. D RamtekkarResearch Area: Concrete Technology

Organisation: SSIPMT, Raipur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: Internal Curing(IC), Construction and Demolition (C&D) waste, Interfacial Transition Zone (ITZ), Microstructure

Review Article

17. The Greatest Rise in the Hong Kong Economy

The breakthrough of Hong Kong came about through its rapid industrialization and developmental policies making the Asian miracle a reality. This dissertation tries to portray the economic variables contributing to the rise of the Hong Kong economy from mid-1950 and how they managed to transform themselves as an after effect of subsequent occurrence of downfall in comparison to Singapore.

Published by: Tanvi Kadukar, Stephanie FernandesResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Industrialization, Dissertation, Development, Financial, Downfall, Variables, Transform, Aftereffect, Occurrence, Variables

Research Paper

18. African’s View about China’s African Policy

In recent years, PRC has become Africa’s biggest economic partner. Across trade, investment, infrastructure and aid, there is no other country with such depth and breadth of engagement in Africa. China is a rising power and Africa is a continent that is still developing. There is evidence of an unequal parity of force, both financial and political, between the two areas in today’s worldwide connection. It will ask questions about Chinese government’s diversions and strategies, and their suggestions towards the exchange agreements with African states. This study will examine the researches conducted by African, Western and Chinese scholars. Their opinions will be considered objectively. From time to time, this study will compare the opinion of African, western and Chinese researchers. This thesis will examine this association in comparison with Africa’s old colonial powers, and today enormous exchange inclusion with China. This research aims to analyze the African’s view about China’s African policy. The main questions it to answer; Is China best model for the development of Africa? And how do African see Chinese influence in Africa. This study analyses political and socio-economic advantages and disadvantages of PRC’s Africa policy and relations between PRC and African states. Nowadays, there are a lot of academic research about PRC’s African policy. Some of these studies have focused on neo-colonialism. And some of them support PRC’s African policy. However, a few studies care about African voice. Motivation of this thesis is to clarify African’s view about PRC’s African policy and this thesis tries to show African’s opinion about Chinese policy and also, whether People’s Republic of China's African policies are neo-colonialism or not.

Published by: Ahmet Yiğitalp TulgaResearch Area: International Relations, Political Science and Sociology

Organisation: National Sun Yat Sen University, Asia-Pacific Affairs, Kaohsiung, TaiwanKeywords: China, Africa, African’s view, China’s African policy

Review Article

19. The Impact of Asian Financial Crisis on the four Asian Dragons

The outbreak of the Asian Financial Market Crisis (1997) has a persistent impact on the economies of the Asian countries. This dissertation tries to portray the impact of the Asian Financial Market Crisis of 1997 on the Four Asian Dragon countries namely South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore and how the governments of these countries formulated policies to efficiently overcame these impacts.

Published by: Pranesh .S, Prem Kumar .RResearch Area: Pacific Rim Countries

Organisation: Christ University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Asian Financial Market Crisis (1997), Government, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea

Research Paper

20. An in-depth analysis of why the South Korean market targets their men for the cosmetic industry more than their women

The purpose is to study why the South Korean market targets the men for cosmetic industry more than their women. This study was made by referring to various journal articles, blogs and interviews. In which the people interviewed (mostly men) tell how it is very important for them maintain a flawless facade to impress people around them, be it their partner or their bosses. Not only the men but women are also equally affected by the idea of having flawless skin, even they wait to get plastic surgeries done to westernize their looks, mainly their eyes. Data is collected through literature study and blogs. The result says that South Korean men are the biggest buyer of cosmetic products as it brings confidence within them. Even though the men here are the highest consumers of cosmetics, the women are no different even they are so beauty conscious. Plastic surgery has become very common and simple on South Korea.

Published by: Shivali Kaushik Sharma, Shwetha .DResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), KarnatakaKeywords: Korean Men and Women, Cosmetic Product, Consumers, South Korea

Research Paper

21. Taiwan’s Freedom – A Chance to be better

This article is an observational report which focuses on the changes post martial law on Taiwan. The end of 38 years of martial law on 15th July 1987 is etched in gold as ‘ a new milestone’ for the democracy in the country when the then President formally announced the end of martial law. This historic decision ushered in a new wind of democracy and freedom. This article notes that Taiwan has experienced a drastic growth in the past 31 years. Especially the media boom on the island is commendable. Taiwan’s cultural, social and political development following the government’s decision to uplift the martial law around 3 decades back has raised hopes of many nations’ dreams of liberation from their mundane form of government. This article emphasizes on understanding the progress that Taiwan as a nation has made in the past three decades and factors that were pivotal in their pursuit of excelling.

Published by: Jeslin Jijo, Malavika GopakumarResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Society

Organisation: Christ University, Bengaluru, Karnataka Keywords: Martial Law, 30 Decades, First Female President, Democracy

Review Article

22. Impact of Crypto Currency in South Korea

Over the past four decades, South Korea has demonstrated vast economic growth and worldwide integration to become a high-tech industrialized economy. Seoul’s reputation as the “leading digital city’ and also the “tech capital of the world” contributes to the fact that South Korea is the most advanced in terms of technological reach. Such magnitude of technology oriented people has led to high acceptance of the cryptocurrency trend. Cryptocurrencies allow fund transfers via public and private keys for security purposes. The trend is a major break -through in technology as it simplifies the payment processes by lowering the transaction costs. South Korea houses the world’s largest crypto currency exchanges. The need of using such trading platforms comes from the South Korean’s natural tendency of making ‘easy money’ and getting out of the conventional workspace. But this need is being highly opposed by the government that wants to control speculation and the highly volatile market. The ban on cryptocurrency is also furthered by the fact that this currency is highly prone to speculation and may lead to money laundering. The final decision about the ‘crypto trend’ thus rests on the pros to the national traders and cons for the government.

Published by: Arunya Bansal, Vergil D’melloResearch Area: Technology

Organisation: CHRIST(Deemed to be University), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Crypto Currency, South Korea, Bitcoin

Review Article

23. Hong Kong's Growth and it's Impact on Pacific Rim Asian Countries

All the countries in the Pacific Rim have impacted its growth in one way or another. In a very similar manner Hong Kong being one of the Four Asian Dragons has grown at a rapid pace and its impact is evident in the Pacific Rim. It is a known fact that GNP of Hong Kong has been growing and since it has been freed from the U.K. it has contributed to the overall Pacific Rim regions growth. Hong Kong has been able to generate a greater business network, improved infrastructure and gather large human capital which has led to greater growth rate and has made business operating in the country much engaging and easier. Once a country in the Pacific Rim develops its impact goes on to the other countries as well and especially to the countries in the region.

Published by: Ishani Koshta, Khyati AroraResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Infrastructure, Human Capital, Business Network, Contribute, Pace.

Research Paper

24. A Descriptive Study to Assess the Knowledge Regarding the Effects of Alcoholism among the Men in Community, Kurumanapalam, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.

Alcoholism is one of the significant health concerns for men. It has a major role which results in a progressive kind of disease meaning that the symptoms and effects of drinking alcohol become increasingly more sever over a time. The disorders which are involved are highly responsible for repeated life problems that can be directly attributed to the use of alcohol. as the use of alcohol beverages to the point of causing damage to the individual, society or both, it is necessary to help the men become self aware of how their health and life effects.

Published by: C. H LavanyaResearch Area: Community

Organisation: GITAM Institute of Nursing, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh Keywords: Alcoholism

Research Paper

25. The Sorry State of Health Equality in Hong Kong

This article aims to explore the aspects of health disparity that exits in Hong Kong, the country that has one of the first Chinese populations in the world to experience rapid industrialization in the past few decades. The health disparity that we will discuss in this article is generally referred to as “Health Inequality.” We will throw light on the important dimensions related to health inequality for the better understanding of this concept. In this article, we will review the health inequalities among various socio-economic groups in the country. For this purpose, we will describe the general poverty and social deprivation conditions in Hong Kong. The country’s population health profile and the healthcare system will also be discussed. Poverty and Income inequality will be discussed as factors contributing towards the issue of Health Inequality in Hong Kong. The need to tackle the unequal distribution of resources and power, and the necessity to raise public awareness regarding prevailing Health Inequality is reflected in this article.

Published by: Shubhanjali Kesharwani, Kirti SanghiResearch Area: The Issue of Health Inequality in Hong Kong

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Socio- Economic Groups, Public Health, Health Inequity, Income Inequality, Healthcare Services, Poverty, Physical and Mental Health.

Review Article

26. Ageing Population in Singapore and Government Support

This paper discusses the issues and implications of population aging for Singapore. As one of the fastest aging populations in Asia, Singapore faces the challenge of creating public policies to suit this changing age structure. This paper inspects a portion of the social and economic consequences of this quick move in Singapore's age structure. The paper also talks about various policies and initiative government is planning or performing to accommodate and sustain its aging population. An expanding level of elderly people who are not working are searching for work. This suggests that policies aimed at hiring older workers will be well received by the elderly themselves in future.

Published by: Aditya Jindal, Rohit ChoudharyResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Aging Populations, Age Structure, Public Policies, Accommodate

Research Paper

27. Women in Business: Rise of Female Entrepreneurs in Hong Kong

This is a study on the current situation of women in Hong Kong in the entrepreneurial sector and workforce, the benefits they receive for the maternity period, the education style and a few current top women entrepreneurs in Hong Kong.

Published by: Garvit Sharma, Sneh ChowdhuryResearch Area: Business

Organisation: Christ University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Entrepreneurship, Hong Kong, Women, Economy, Business, Free-Trade, Free-Economy, Maternity, Competitors, Network

Research Paper

28. Integration of Business Opportunities through Culture: Four Asian Dragons/Tigers

Culture and opportunities go hand in hand. A country’s development is based on numerous aspects. Some of them are the countries’ cultural and traditional aspects. These guide the countries’ upliftment and downfall in the near future. A country with wider cultural perspective will favorably have an upper hand in adjusting with the people of different background and culture. More cooperating and adjusting workforce will lead to more growth in the economy for a particular country and thus more opportunities will arise. Culture and opportunity give rise to various exercises in the societies. Both together draw various talents and implanters to accomplish a given project. In this article we will be discussing about the four Asian dragons which are experienced and economically successful countries with growing GDP.

Published by: Paridhi Arora, Pooja AgarwalResearch Area: Socioogy

Organisation: Christ University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Pacific Rim, Four Asian Dragons, Culture, Business Opportunities

Research Paper

29. Why Student Choose Very High Cost Education in Singapore

This article aims to explore why the foreign nationals opt study in Singapore in spite of very high cost of living. Singapore is a hub for quality education in the Pacific-Rim and it has the world’s renowned colleges including Singapore National University and Nanyang Technological University. Therefore the country hosts many foreign students from various parts of the world, especially Asian countries. It is often argued that the cost of living is generally very high for the students in Singapore because of various factors. This article aims to explore those various factors which makes cost of living so high in Singapore and conclude the reasons which makes the students to study in Singapore in spite of those high costs.

Published by: Ronak Muchhal, Adarsh PramodResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Education, Singapore, Expenses,

Review Article

30. Four Asian Dragons-Birth and it's Growth

Over the most recent four decades Japan and the “four little dragons”- Taiwan, South Korea, Hong Kong and Singapore-which together constitute under four percent of the total populace, have progressed toward becoming with Europe and North America one of the three mainstays of the advanced mechanical world order. This isn't the primary push to endeavor to answer that inquiry, however, it is clearly a standout amongst the most compact, lucid and entering. One of the country's driving researchers on East Asian issues, Vogel sees a few "situational factors"- U.S. help, the pulverization of the old request, a feeling of political desperation, an energetic and ample work supply and recognition with the Japanese model of accomplishment as one bunch of variables. In any case, achievement, Vogel says, additionally originated from a complex of institutional and social practices established in the Confucian custom however adjusted to the necessities of a cutting-edge society-"modern neo-Confucianism." This social bunch incorporates a meritocratic organization, the selection test framework, the significance of gathering cognizance and the objective of self-change.

Published by: Yash Dangayach, Anmol GuptaResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Endeavor, Ample, Pulverization, Desperation, Confucian, Meritocratic, Cognizance.

Review Article

31. Problems Faced by Indians in Singapore

Singapore is an economic giant. It is considered to be one of the least corrupted countries in the world. The Singaporean government is very effective and efficient, their country’s prosperity says it all. Indians are one of the key contributors to the Singaporean economy. But there have been several reports of Indians and other nationalities getting discriminated racially. Indians are considered as ‘second class citizens’ in Singapore and are still mistreated even though the Singaporean government has taken several actions to prevent this.

Published by: Vishnu Madhusoodhanan, Nikhil JohnResearch Area: Pacific-Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Prosperity, Discriminated, Mistreated, Effective, Efficient.

Review Article

32. Transformation of South Korea from a Third World Agrarian Economy to a Technologically Advanced First World Country

History of Korea traces back as early as 2233 BC with various dynasties ruling it. It remained Independent until many centuries only to be colonized by Japan in 1910. Japanese colonization ended in 1945, which resulted in the formation of modern Korea. It was 1960 and Korean War just ended. Korea officially split into two parts North and South. South Korea had used up all its resources in war and was one of the poorest nations in Asia. There was no advanced industries and industrialization was yet to happen in South Korea. Its economy was completely agriculture based. Per capita income was just $100 and the country was recovering from the devastating Korean War. No one would have thought that the Korea, which down and dusted after decades of war will rise up so quickly on its feet. Within a span of forty years, Korea was one of the four Asian tigers and a leading economic power. Not many nations have grown at such a rapid rate like South Korea did and it is important for scholars and academicians of today to conduct research on Korea’s meteoric rise. Several types of research have been conducted on this subject before but there is always a room to add and discover something new. This is such a topic that will be researched for many more coming years and prove to be a model of growth for many underdeveloped countries. There so many factors that can be attributed to the rapid rise of the South Korean economy but major ones should include liberal government policies, hardworking and progressive people, FDI, labor-intensive exports. All the factors will be elaborated in detail later in the paper.

Published by: S. Kiran Pranav, Aayush KatiyarResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Growth, Korean Model of development, Economic Power and Government Policies

Review Article

33. Taxation System in Hong Kong and Singapore

The main aim of this article is to explore the tax structure in two Asian Dragons that are Hong Kong and Singapore. This article covers the evolution of tax system in Hong Kong and Singapore. The article covers how these countries in the past two decades, through their taxation systems rose to be the most attractive investment destination in the world. This article highlights the various taxation policies that these nations have introduced and how these policies have benefited the businesses and individuals of these countries.

Published by: Akul Mangla, Lakshya SharmaResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Countries

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Tax System, Decade, Investment, Destination.

Review Article

34. South Korea’s Economy After the Korean War

The aim of this article is to explain the repercussions that the Korean War had on the South Korean Economy. Korea’s colonization by Japan and the division of lands led to the Korean War. This paper shows the struggle and the development of the South Korean economy-it shows its recovery and development post war and its current situation and its stand today as one of the largest developed economies in the world.

Published by: Shrey Jain, Amrit DasguptaResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Repercussions, Struggle, Recovery, Development.

Research Paper

35. Effects of Brexit on Singapore

Britain voted to leave the European Union (EU) at The United Kingdom European Union Membership referendum on 23 June 2016.  This move stunned the global financial market with the concern that it may hurt the global economy. Some equity markets fell by as much as 7% in value (the Dow Jones industrial average fell by 600 points, or 3.5%), erasing nearly $3 trillion in equity value. The Brexit vote has slowed down the UK economy and has become the worst performing in the G7, having been the best performing prior to the referendum. An extra £25 billion was added to the Autumn Budget to support the economy. The office for Budget Responsibility estimates the economy growing by just 1.5 per cent down from previous estimate of 2 per cent. Business investment were also affected by Brexit, with The Bank of England expecting the level of business investment to be around 25 per cent lower by 2019 relative to pre-referendum estimates. The Brexit referendum has created a havoc in various sectors of the industry spanning across the globe. This paper is aimed at assessing the implications of Brexit on Singapore’s real economy – in terms of trade, investment flows and tourism.  

Published by: Priyam Kampani, Shubham EriksenResearch Area: Economic and Social

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Brexit, Referendum, Equity market, G7

Review Article

36. Business Opportunities in South Korea

South Korea is one of the fastest-developing nations in the Pacific Rim region. The country has been successful in accelerating its economic growth post the Korean War, 1953. Since the 1970s, the Government has provided a major boost to industries like Telecom, fuel, and electronics. Today, South Korea ranks in ship-building and steel manufacturing and is the tenth largest trading nation in the world. Its growing impact on the region has fostered opportunities for almost every business sector. Supportive government policies and agreements with various countries provide a very broad scope for every start-up to foster in the country. The country is today regarded as one of the four Asian Dragons through its electronic and technology exports. The innovative spirit combined with the risk-taking nature of consumers makes South Korea an ideal free-market economy for any business. .. South Korea is ranked 5th by World Bank in the ease of doing business index and 2nd by Bloomberg for Best emerging markets 2014. South Korea's major industries have been outlined in the paper along with the business prospects of each industry.

Published by: Saher Mahajan, Imisha DebukaResearch Area: Business

Organisation: Christ University, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Innovation, Industry, Privatization, Trade

Review Article

37. Applications of Software's in Environmental Engineering

Now-a-days technology and science go hand in hand, fertilizing each other by providing explosive synergy. the engineer can choose the appropriate software as per requirement from innumerable variety of software’s of different discipline of civil engineering. Engineer can go through the design process many more times fluently due to more efficient and rigorous results instantly. Moreover Research means not to find or create something new at the door every time, but sometimes research means those things which have not yet been noticed, but they are of equal important. Through this concept, we decided to take this topic. The paper provides an overview of important software’s which are used in the environmental engineering discipline of civil engineering. Due to the software application in engineering field efforts and time for complicated operations and calculations is reduced with efficient results. And there are several environmental software which are existing in market produced by relevant companies which enables user to achieve desired target with principle to improve the natural environment. We contribute the description of these software’s along with their applications in environmental engineering.

Published by: Snehal Salunkhe, Manali Wagh, Sanchiya Sawant, Savita Rathod, P. J SalunkeResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: MGM's College of Engineering & Technology, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra Keywords: Software’s, Applications, Environmental Engineering, Geo-Environmental Engineering.

Research Paper

38. A Study of the Reasons of Decline in Automobile Exports of South Korea

This research aims to find the present issues going on with the automobile industry in South Korea and why there has been a decline in the exports of automobiles from South Korea. This research mainly focuses about the labour crisis in South Korea, lower demand of hatchbacks globally and how South Korea can overcome the issues.

Published by: Yugal Thakkar, Akshit JainResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Non-Tariff Barriers, Bounded Trust, Automobile Industry, Keiretsu, Chaebol, USP, Automotive Sector

Review Article

39. Presidential Elections in Singapore in 2017

2017 had been considered a year of great political change in the history of Singapore. Singapore contested elections in 2017 in order to elect their next president. But it didn’t go as planned or prepared because the election was mainly contested and was reserved for minority Malay community, who haven’t held the presidential office since the year of 1970. It was the 5th Presidential election held in Singapore and the Election Department declared Halima Yacob of Independent party as the only eligible president, who then emerged as the winner in a single-horse race. There were three main candidates running for the presidential rights namely Salleh Merican,67, a property company chief executive, Halima Yacob,63, former speaker of parliament and Farid Khan,61, marine services firm Chairman (Yong c., 2017) and the official dates for filing nominations was 13th September 2017 while that for voting was 23rd September 2017. What was a moment for celebration for Halima Yakob after being elected as the first woman president of the country has become a contentious situation throughout the country with various cases of debates going throughout country questioning her rights of claiming the president’s throne, the religious perspective on this matter and the change that took place in the presidential elections. As a result, this study has been undertaken in order to know the political changes and behavior of general public and impact of the presidential elections throughout the country, which to many of them is a political act of inequality. Depriving the Right to vote and announcing the leader without any fair contestation of elections has been amongst the matters of agitation and protest of public. Singapore has been one of the most efficient economies in modern times and the impact of such a change is worth notable on human lives.

Published by: Probir Lahiri, Devik SorathiaResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Political Change, Presidential Rights, Religious Perspective, Political Inequality, Efficient Economies

Review Article

40. Environmental Stewardship for Sustainable Business - A Review in Global Perspective

Environmental stewardship and compliance is a major step towards sustainable business. The important environmental concerns arise at the procurement of resource/manufacturing and sales, product use and collection and disposal of end-of-life product stages. A global reporting matrix of materials is advocated by UN. The advocacy of utmost importance is a reduction, reuse, and recycling in any corporate company. Critical issues in environmental stewardship are energy, water, and emissions. Carbons footprint -conscious growth is an integral part of a sustainability strategy. Investments in R&D and compensating exploited eco-system are must to retain the sustainability of the business. UNGC Communication on Progress (COP) Mapping has detailed the issues to be monitored and reporting process. The issues on environmental Stewardship were under UNGC Communication on Progress (COP) Mapping viz., Criterion 13 to 16.The COP describes robust commitments, strategies or policies, effective management systems and key outcomes of integration of the environmental principles in the area of Implementation. Companies are associating with World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) and the World Resource Institute (WRI) for standard procedures for water-related risks and assessments. At global level efforts for limiting temperature increase to less than 2oC is taken seriously and action programme is being set. The paper describes the issues in relation to reporting to be made under international standards.

Published by: S. RanganadhanResearch Area: Corporate Sustainability

Organisation: BOP Consultants Pvt. Ltd (Beacon Systems. Inc Subsidiary)Keywords: Environment, sustainability, Carbon Footprint, Global Temperature, Disclosures

Review Article

41. Challenges Faced by Singapore Economy in the Future

The article aims to figure out the challenges Singapore possibly faces in the future to be the super economy in the future. Singapore was one of the poorest countries at the time of their independence, after a forced independence and a country with fewer resources Singapore have managed to become one of the wealthiest countries in the world. Singapore achieved all its fortunes through a long-term vision and strict government control. But the situation and circumstances are not the same in the future as Singapore has already reached its peak of its development. Now Singapore has to concentrate on maintaining their position. Like every other country, Singapore also has to face a lot of challenges to maintain its economy. The technological advancement, changes in labor allocation, the shift in job patterns, and change in the education system are few of the challenges which Singapore possibly face. The world is full of opportunities and the ones who grab it becomes the winner. Now Singapore has all the facilities and tools to seize each and every opportunity available. Singapore is now a prosperous country which is the ninth largest country in terms of GDP Percapita. Singapore focuses on the manufacturing sector, shipping, and business. Now Singapore economy should target to climb up the ladder and maintain their position as a super economy. For improving their country the Singapore economy has to concentrate on the changes happening across the world. Once the changes have been identified the economy has to formulate strategies to grab the opportunities available.

Published by: Sreehari I M, Akanksha TharmanResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bengaluru, Karnataka Keywords: Super Economy, Development, Opportunities, Strategies, Manufacturing, and Monitor.

Research Paper

42. A Study on the Success of the Singaporean Society

The purpose of this study is to understand how the Singaporeans live as a community and how they are such a strong, independent, powerful and successful society. Singapore lacks the abundance of natural resources, yet they have built a community so powerful that people constitute the most important asset of the country. We have studied articles and journals by different authors describing what Singapore owes its success to and also read about various people who have stimulated the growth in the last few decades. The major reasons Singapore is at the top today are the education, health, infrastructure, trade and finance facilities available to the people. One important thing we have understood through our research is that the government and the people have worked together considerably well in order to reach the position that Singapore is in today. With stringent rules and regulations along with approved policies, Singapore is also corruption free and there is honesty between the citizens and the authorities. The impressive standard of living is due to the high income of the people, which leads to a proper investment in education and health by them; if people are healthy, they work well which helps boost the economy of the country. It is all a virtuous cycle. We have studied many more factors contributing to the success of the community and how Singapore is where it is today. It has reached this level only in a few more than 50 years, making its success so great.

Published by: Kundapur Mahima Bhat, Ananya GoyalResearch Area: Social Sciences

Organisation: Christ (Deemed to be University), Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Singaporean Community, Success, Development, People as a Resource.

Research Paper

43. Special Economic Zones and Corporate Social Responsibility

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) refers to strategies corporations or firms conduct their business in a way that is ethical, society friendly and beneficial to community in terms of development. This article analyses the meaning of CSR based on some theories available in literature. It is argued that three theories namely utilitarian, managerial and relational theories of CSR supported by works of other scholars in the area could be used to suggest that CSR becomes an international concern due to globalized nature of business that knows no border. CSR is evolving in its meaning and practice. The article then discusses the role of CSR in community development because the very logic of CSR is towards seeing its impact in community socially, environmentally and economically. Competencies required by CSR managers are also analyzed in order to have a better understanding of the practical aspects of CSR. Finally, conclusions and implications for future research are discussed.

Published by: Nazeefa Begum Mujeebullah MakandarResearch Area: Economic Development

Organisation: Karnatak University, Dharwad, KarnatakaKeywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, Community Development, Multinational Corporations, Corporate-Society Relations, Special Economic Zones

Review Article

44. Impact of Globalization in the Four Asian Dragons

Amidst growing technology and economic capabilities, several countries have discovered how Globalization can become a catalyst for their economic development. The term Globalization is variously conceptualized, but in general, refers to the latest phase of capital expansion involving foreign exports or transnational network of trades so that the movement of economic resources is increasingly outside the control of any state. (Brown, 1998) Economies all around the world have shown massive growth in terms of economy. Countries which earlier had a blurred economic vision are taking the path to globalization to plow a high yielding economy. Many high performing nations also have decided to form special groups and alliances in order to target co-operative development through alliances like BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), CIVETS (Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey and South Africa). Similarly, the Pacific Rim has seen the rise of Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan, and Singapore as growing economies which came to be known as the four Asian Tigers. These countries underwent major policy changes and economic decisions to fit into this criterion. With zoomed industrialization and exceptionally high growth rates, their strategies are now becoming an inspiration for many economic markets in the Pacific Rim. One such group which are considered their successor is the Tiger Cub Economies consisting of Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, and Indonesia. These economies have started to emerge as financial centers especially, Singapore and Hong Kong which are one of the biggest financial centers worldwide. South Korea and Taiwan, on the other hand, are important manufacturing hubs of high margin industries like automobile and IT. The resiliency of these economies was proven when they survived and recovered from the Asian Financial Crisis of 1997 and the Credit Crunch of 2008/ These four countries are included in the list of Advanced Economies formulated by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). In the following paper, we plan to focus on the various development strategies, policies, and steps implemented by these four countries. This will help us in understanding the various aspects related to growing a previously underperforming economy. Also, we will focus on the importance of globalization for a country which plans to undergo an economic transformation. Finally, we would be talking about how other countries can implement the same strategies and cope up with the developing world.

Published by: Saahil Kothari, Kshitij LunkadResearch Area: Pacific Rim: Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Globalization, Transnational, High Yielding Economy, BRICS, CIVETS, Industrialization, Asian Financial Crisis, International Monetary Fund

Research Paper

45. Comparison of Education System in Singapore and Hongkong

This article mainly focuses on the education system practiced in Singapore and Hong Kong. The differences in the education system and practices are shown clearly in this article. The details on the different types of the education system with many other explanations are also given. The history of the educational reform in these two countries is also given. The different education opportunities and their strengths are mentioned. The attitude of parents towards their children’s education is also clearly stated in this paper. This article also deals with the problems and weaknesses faced by both the countries and their reasons are shown.

Published by: Lini Varghese, Gaurav KankaaniResearch Area: Education Sector in Singapore and Hong Kong

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Education System in Singapore and Hong Kong History Strengths Weakness.

Case Study

46. Design and Analysis of Spur Gear Train for APU Gear Box in a Manned Aircraft Vehicle

An auxiliary power unit (APU) is a device on a vehicle that provides energy for functions other than propulsion. They are commonly found on large aircraft and naval ships as well as some large land vehicles. The primary purpose of an aircraft APU is to provide power to start the main engines. Turbine engines must be accelerated to a high rotational speed to provide sufficient air compression for self-sustaining operation. This work provides a good understanding of spur gear design and analysis from basics, considering bending, pitting and scoring criteria. A detailed discussion of various correction factors and overview of material selection for gears is covered. It also focuses on optimization and reliability. A solved example is provided for better understanding of the concepts. In this paper, we dealt with the whole procedure for design and analysis of spur gears in a nutshell. We assumed fundamental parameters and arrived at whole geometry. Based on the given data, assumed fundamental parameters like diametrical pitch, pressure angle, etc. and using tooth proportions we arrived at the geometry of tooth. Calculating loads and stresses for force analysis of individual gears in gear train and for calculating the loads and the stresses. We used stress equations suggested by AGMA. We Estimated strength or life of gears and for that, we need to assume a standard material for gears and estimate the strength of gears using strength equations suggested by AGMA. Later we evaluated Scoring resistance. Finally, we optimized and arrived at final design by performing several iterations for optimum design.In this way, the different tasks were carried out and we arrived at a conclusion.

Published by: Mohammed Abdul Wafi, Sufyan Mohiuddin, Mohammed Noman Ahmed, Syed Yousuf ImtiazResearch Area: Design Engineering

Organisation: Muffakham Jah College of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Gear Train, APU, Gear Box, Spur Gear

Case Study

47. Choledochoduodenostomy- As a Routine Procedure in Cases of Common Bile Duct Obstruction

Choledochoduodenostomy is procedure undertaken for internal drainage of bile in cases of common bile duct obstruction mostly distal. Although this procedure is not very routinely practiced nowadays, the importance and need for this procedure cannot be undermined especially due to the lack of availability of newer techniques and the cost involved. We did a study on 30 cases of common bile duct obstruction and offered them Choledochoduodenostomy and the results and complications were noted.

Published by: Saikat Majumdar, Ravindra Prasad, Arvind KumarResearch Area: Surgical

Organisation: Patna Medical College, Patna, BiharKeywords: Choledochoduodenostomy, Common Bile Duct,

Research Paper

48. The Impact of Culture and Generation Gap in Taiwan Workplace

Research has clearly established that culture has a great impact on the workplace practices. The purpose of this study was to find out if the generation gap and cultural differences which are a focused issue of many organizations have an effect on Taiwan’s workplaces. There are a number of cultural aspects that influence the way we interact with people in our work such as clients, colleagues, management. Corporate culture comprises of the national culture, gender culture, various communication styles. This influences the way we conduct work, solve problems and conflicts. This research demonstrated that there are certain generational differences and the impact of culture is in specific departments. There are various customs of Taiwan workplace which can create problems for foreigners to cope up and adapt to new traditions. They may experience culture shock. The researchers noted the required changes and transformations that occurred drastically in Taiwan workplace. And also, the changes in the decision-making of the two generations are studied and interpretations are drawn according to the research conducted. Culture influences management practices and the methods of working in an organization. Generation gap may create conflicts among the employees as well as between management and the employees due to a different point of views about the task performed and the rewards are given. This creates a problem in the working and development of workplace. These problems are deeply studied and conclusions are made to help solve the problems and study this topic further. Lastly, the research has covered the important issues regarding differential characteristics.

Published by: Pooja Jasuja, Pragna .VResearch Area: Socioculture

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Culture, Work Characteristics, The Generation Gap, Taiwan.

Review Article

49. Organizational Culture in Taiwan in Trade and Commerce

Taiwanese culture is unique and renowned for its complexities. To understand the repercussion of culture on Taiwanese management style, this study investigates the key ‘dynamics’ of culture in Taiwan’s trade and commerce sector. This study mainly examines how Taiwan’s trade and commerce sector works currently. The study tries to understand all the cultural aspects kept in mind while working in an organization. Also understand, in what ways has Taiwan managed to set follow the old traditions, beliefs, and practices even in today’s world while working. While working has Taiwan adopted, accepted the path of western culture into its work style.

Published by: Raj Vihari Kongara, Ashna SikkaResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Taiwanese Culture, Complexities, Management Style, Dynamics, Cultural Aspects, Old Traditions, Western Culture.

Research Paper

50. Comparison of the Educational System in Singapore and India and How India can reform its Current Practices to Improve the Quality of Learning

The world is changing day by day and with it is changing the ideas and perception of the education system in different countries. Many countries come up with an innovative proposition to inspire their students and help them acquire the necessary knowledge and skill to sustain in this competitive world of 21st century. This article explores the differences in the educational system in both the countries and how India can improve in this field, to provide an extensive learning experience to its students.

Published by: Richa Mathew, Unnimaya BalachandranResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Ideas and Perception, Innovative Proposition, Knowledge, Competitive, Extensive Learning.

Review Article

51. Chongryon's Scenario in Japan

The causes and consequences that led to the habitation of the Korean community in Japan known as Zainichi which is Chongryon and Mindan together. And on a broader perspective the social dynamics, economic implications political conditions, the socio-cultural transition of the three sovereign countries, namely Japan, South Korea and North Korea but mostly focusing on the Chongryon community. When the tensions between these three countries are at its peak, the Chongryon community in Japan is not only a refuge for North Koreans, but also acts as a de facto embassy of North Korea in Japan. This research aims at briefly understanding the conditions of living for people of the Chongryon community when their chosen leader Kim Jong-un threatens the world and the region of nuclear annihilation.

Published by: Yalla Venkata Surya Rama Narasimha, Rushabh KotechaResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Zainichi, Chongryon, De Facto, Embassy, Mindan.

Research Paper

52. Are they Stable…? Can the Conflict Related Experience that are Trickle Down to the Minds of Children be Transformed to the Minds Adolescents in the Milieu of Post War?

Warfare in any country invents instability of the living pattern of the civil community and it is a common feature that war creates drastic negative Impact on the human and physical resources. The protracted war lasted for 3 decades in the Northern and Eastern regions of Sri Lanka paved the way to create varied social menaces. Also, the impact of the war directly affects individuals those were in their childhood during the war. The keynote objective of this research was to determine the current status of youth within the age range of 18 to 24, selected as a sample from families faced the war and related impediments. In this regard 132 youth /children (58 girls and 74 boys) were selected as a sample and the data collected through; questionnaire, discussions, observation and recorded case studies. It was a key characteristic that 62% of children out of the total respondents showed noticeable features such as; disentitled school education, bereavement due to loss of close associates, Health problems, and psychological imbalance. The research findings affirm that children who experienced critical outcomes of the war, continue within their adulthood creating an unstable life style hence, early intervention of Govt. as well as non-Governmental sectors are needed to ameliorate the youth.

Published by: Samarakoon M. T, Wijewardhana B. V. NResearch Area: Sociology/ Criminology ( Youth behaviour)

Organisation: University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri LankaKeywords: Conflict, Youth, Children & Childhood, Adolescents Post War

Case Study

53. Aesthetic Remodelling of Fractured Tooth with Supernumerary Neighbours in Midst of Fluorosis – A Case Report

Restoration of a fractured central incisor supplemented by supernumerary teeth is always challenging task at hand. This situation becomes even more difficult in the presence of fluorosis. This possesses a task and also an opportunity for the clinician to establish the form and function along with utmost aesthetics. It requires a multidisciplinary approach. In this case a central incisor showing a complicated crown fracture with discoloration in conjugation with two supernumerary central incisors with mild to moderate fluorosis was treated endodontically after the extraction of the supernumerary counterparts and was restored post-endodontically by 3D composite layering technique in order to provide a more conservative and as minimally invasive treatment modality as possible with par acceptable aesthetics. This showed that composite restoration with 3D layering can provide aesthetically enticing restorative options keep more invasive options like crowns, veneers or laminates on standby even when time and monetary constraints are imposed.

Published by: Dr. Meetkumar Dedania, Dr. Nimisha Shah, Dr. Ankit Arora, Dr. Dhaval BhadraResearch Area: Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics

Organisation: K. M. Shah Dental College & Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, GujaratKeywords: Apexification, Non vital bleaching, Supernumerary Teeth, Three Dimensional Layering.

Research Paper

54. Indian Criminal Justice System and Human Rights

Criminal Justice refers to the agencies of government charged with enforcing a law, adjudicating crime, and correcting criminal conduct. The criminal justice system is essentially an instrument of social control: society considers some behaviors so dangerous and destructive that it either strictly controls their occurrence or outlaws them outright. It is the job of the agencies of justice to prevent these behaviors by apprehending and punishing transgressors or deterring their future occurrence. Although society maintains other forms of social control, such as the family, school, and church, they are designed to deal with moral, not legal, misbehavior. Only the criminal justice system has the power to control crime and punish criminals. The main objectives of the criminal justice system can be categorized as follows: -To prevent the occurrence of crime. -To punish the transgressors and the criminals. -To rehabilitate the transgressors and the criminals. -To compensate the victims as far as possible. -To maintain law and order in the society. -To deter the offenders from committing any criminal act in the future. Indian Criminal Justice System can be improved by >strengthening human rights in India. >strengthening police as an investigative agency. >simplification of rules and procedures. >criminal law amendment. >repealing old laws. >increasing judicial accountability. >improving transparency of court proceedings. >

Published by: Shruti ChaudharyResearch Area: Human Rights

Organisation: Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Indian Criminal, Justice System, Courts, Human Rights.

Research Paper

55. Zika Virus and its Aftermath on the Singapore Tourism Industry.

The Zika virus originated in Entebbe area of Zika Forest situated in Uganda in April 1947. It was obtained from a serum of pyrexial rhesus monkey those were caged in a canopy forest by the scientists of Yellow Fever Research Institute. Zika means “overgrown” in Luganda language. The Africans monkeys and rhesus monkeys were inoculated intracerebrally. The global spread of the Zika virus has been a major concern. This research looks into understanding how the spread of such a virus can have an impact on a country like Singapore which is an open port trading island known for being a business hub and its diverse culture. The Singapore Tourism Board is a statutory board coming under the Ministry of Trade and Industry of Singapore. The board has been highly successful in establishing the country as a major tourist attraction. We can say this as the statistics show that the country’s tourism sector accounts for about 4% of the total GDP. This has also helped the country in establishing themselves as a major attraction in terms of business, talent, and capital. The virus has been spreading rapidly and we wish to look at the impact that the virus will have on its tourism sector. This is especially important in the case of Singapore as the tourism sector contributes to about 4% of the GDP of the nation. So, if the virus does affect the state tourism sector, the economy will be hit hard.

Published by: Aditya Raja, Mohammad Abrar HussainResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Pyrexial, Global Spread, Singapore Tourism Board, GDP, Economy.

Review Article

56. Taiwan International Relations

Taiwan is home to more than twenty-three million people. It is one of “The Four Little Dragons” having risen drastically to become a technological hub. Taiwan is an island that is located off the southern coast of China, and it has been independently governed since the year 1949. However, its neighbor’s, and especially the mainland China view the island as a province despite Taiwan being a territory that has its government that has been elected democratically (Kastner, 2009). There are several leading political voices in the country that have differing views on the status of the island and its relationship with the mainland China. Some of the Taiwanese leaders observe the principle which advocated for only “one China” that comprises of the mainland China and the island. Other leaders advocate and push for a de jure autonomous Taiwan. This research will look to explore the political and economic relationships between Taiwan and its neighbors and especially China.

Published by: Adit Taneja, Himanshu AgarwalResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: The Four Little Asian Dragons, Drastically, Independently, Advocated.

Research Paper

57. Forces behind the Development of South Korea

This article aims to analyze the driving forces behind the growth of the South Korean economy. For over 5 decades, South Korea has grown rapidly taking strides into developing and easing their trade and that has led to them into becoming the fourth largest economy in Asia and eleventh largest in the world and was one of the few countries which had minimal impact of the great recession. The government has planned the development progress cleverly and the implementation of 10-year-plans has worked miracles for the country.

Published by: Prithvi Naik, Kartik BhattResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Industrial Development, Economic Aid, Financial Crisis, Bail-out Package, Five-Year Plans.

Research Paper

58. A Study on the Impact of Green Marketing on Consumer Buying Behavior in Automobile Industry

The paper helps us identify know the effect of green marketing practices of automobile manufacturing companies on consumers. It is imperative and important for the researcher to know how "Green" the consumers are in terms of their knowledge, their attitudes and behavior. Environmental attitude or green attitude is identified as the judgment of an individual towards the protection and promotion of the environment. It has always been believed by consumer behavior scientists that an individual’s actions or behavior can be predicted by their attitudes. Research and in-depth study were carried out to understand the awareness, attitude, and behavior of consumers in terms of the environment more specifically related to automobile sectors.

Published by: Saumya Mathur, Rhea R. Valecha, Vanshita KhannaResearch Area: Marketing

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Green Marketing, Buying Behaviour, Consumer Awareness, Green Product, Consumer's Laziness, GDP, Automobile Industry.

Case Study

59. Role of Oral Metronidazole as an Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Cases of Non-Perforated Appendectomy

Appendicectomy for non-perforated appendicitis has now become one of the most common abdominal operations.The rate of infections post open appendicectomy without antibiotic prophylaxis is still high. The use of antibiotics preoperatively has become necessary but the choice remains still controversial.Metronidazole being cheap and effective against anaerobic and gram-negative bacteria is considered a good option. In this study, 100 patients were selected and a comparative study was done between preoperative oral metronidazole administration and no prophylaxis and results were found that single oral metronidazole dosage for prophylaxis in cases of non-perforated appendicectomy was found very effective.

Published by: Saikat MajumdarResearch Area: Surgical

Organisation: Patna Medical College, Patna, BiharKeywords: Appendicitis, Appendicectomy, Prophylaxis, Metronidazole.

Review Article

60. The Influence of Korean Pop Culture in East and Southeast Asian Nations

We try to find out the cultural influence that the South Korean media industry has commanded over the east and Southeast Asian nations. The Korean cultural influence, often called “Hallyu” has experienced huge strides in global expansion, especially in the south-east Asian countries. We try to find out about the literature surrounding the movement and out the cultural influence that the South Korean media industry has over the Asian and Southeast Asian nations, along with some of our own qualitative views.

Published by: Suraj Tripathi, Rishav Kumar RoyResearch Area: Pacific Rim Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: K-Pop, Korean Pop Culture, Southeast Asia, East Asia, Asia, State Sponsored Media

Research Paper

61. Growth of Tourism Industry in Hong Kong

The tourism industry is one which provides hospitality to the people who visit the destination and provides them services making sure the customers’ needs are met. Tourism stands as a strong support to a country affecting the economy. Varying from country to country, tourism plays a significant role in the development of a country. This industry requires a lot of regulation and a smooth working because it is not only to the Islanders but also to the outlanders. Doing this is affected by a number of factors like the infrastructure, how developed a country is, the culture of the country, the safety aspect and most importantly what makes the country unique that it is a must watch. In addition to this, the work of the tourism industry is to promote the country in such a way that maximum people visit it and even encourage others to pay a sure visit to it. Tourism along with catering to the customers or the visitors, it caters to the people who need employment. This industry provides jobs to people, thus, reducing the rate of unemployment in the country. Hong Kong is a country which has a good and well-established tourism industry which works in promoting, satisfying its customers by providing world-class facilities and tourist attractions, and it provides employment thus adding to the GDP of the country. The tourism industry of Hong Kong is a crucial Industry and is considered one of the major pillars.

Published by: Kriti Mahajan, Prachi SharmaResearch Area: Pacific Rim- Asian Societies

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Tourism, Strong Support, Infrastructure, Employment, GDP.

Research Paper

62. Financial Crisis in South Korea

The research study focuses on the simple idea of the ‘funnel approach’. This approach looks at the effect/consequence of an occurrence towards a smaller group/entity etc. For this research study, the Asian Financial Market Crisis of 1997 is taken into consideration as the general phenomenon affecting the stakeholders and the citizens. For the specific aspect of this approach, South Korean economy is taken into account. Therefore, the idea of this research study is to portray how South Korea as a country and economy was affected by the 1997 crisis, and how eventually it took correctional measures to recover and be counted as one of the four Asian Tigers. Moreover, this research study looks at the involvement of various tools, statistics and reviews worldwide to show a clear distinction of South Korea in its past years during the crisis, in striking contrast to today, as a leading prototype economy for other economies all around the world. The objective of the study is to learn how a country in the face of adverse conditions, gets itself back to encounter and challenge global conditions considering the dynamic and competitive world today. This study is also focused on furthering the idea of “The Ripple Effect”, which is a spreading and unintentional effect because of an action has already taken place or an action that would prospectively occur. This effect will discover the detailed reasons for the South Korean economy to drop considerably during the crisis years and the almost simultaneous manner in which it was on the path of recovery. There were a lot of countries such as Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Hong Kong, Malaysia and Singapore that were affected massively by the 1997 crisis. The most distinctive aspect to be noted here was that South Korea was the first and fastest country to recover and therefore, this research study is an ode to South Korean policy-making and crisis management.

Published by: Naveed M. Ashraf, Swayam KumarResearch Area: Country's Economy

Organisation: Christ University, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Funnel, Ripple Effect, Contagion, Conglomerate, Crony Capitalism.

Research Paper

63. Effectiveness of Mulligan’s Technique and Spencer’s Technique in Adjunct to Conventional Therapy in Frozen Shoulder: A Randomised Controlled Trial

Frozen shoulder is a common condition with pain, stiffness and limited motion of the shoulder joint, resulting from the fibrosis and contracture of the glenohumeral joint capsule. Physical therapy treatment may include various manual mobilization techniques to regain extensibility of the shoulder capsule and in relieving pain and increase a range of motion. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to compare and find out the effectiveness of Mulligan’s technique and Spencer’s technique individually when compared with conventional therapy in patients with frozen shoulder. Methods: 90 patients were selected randomly with frozen shoulder. The study included 3 groups, the control group received Conventional therapy, mulligan’s group received mulligan’s technique MWM and conventional therapy, and spencer’s group received Spencer’s technique and conventional therapy. The period of intervention was 3 sessions per week for 6 weeks. The outcome measures included NPRS, goniometry, and SPADI. ANOVA was done for intergroup analysis, post hoc test was done for between group analysis and paired T-test was done for intragroup analysis. Result: There was no significant difference in outcome measures of all the three groups at day 1. All the three groups showed a significant difference (p-value 0.000 < 0.05) at 3 and 6 weeks in NPRS, shoulder ROM, and SPADI. The mean difference and paired T-test values of mulligan’s group was more when compared to control group and spencer’s group at the end of 6 weeks Conclusion: In this study, we found significant improvement statistically in all the outcome measures in control group, mulligan’s group and spencer’s group at 6 weeks of intervention. However, the functional improvement in mulligan’s group was better than the control group and spencer group. KEYWORDS: Frozen shoulder, MWM, Mulligan&#039's technique, Spencer’s technique

Published by: Dr. B. Haveela, Dr. Praveen Dowle, Dr. P. ChandrasekharResearch Area: Medical

Organisation: Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Frozen Shoulder, MWM, Mulligan's Technique, Spencer's Technique.

Research Paper

64. Evaluation of Association of Cord Blood Fluoride Levels with Visible Congenital Anomalies in Newborns

Studies have suggested that fluoride might be associated with alteration in reproductive hormone levels, infertility, Down's syndrome, increased rate of congenital anomalies and cancers. There is an increased concentration of congenital anomalies in north-west India, however, no studies are available regarding the possible association with fluoride. In the present study, serum fluoride levels were explored in cord blood of newborns with visible congenital anomalies (n=30) and in healthy newborns (n=30). The detailed history of present pregnancy, the status of the baby (birth order, previous stillbirth, details of defects and handicaps), nutritional status of parents (deficiency, if any), history of pesticides or heavy metal exposure of parents, history of use of any medication (prior or during pregnancy). Detailed examination of babies, in terms of site of the defect, the neurological deficit was also recorded. Five mL cord blood was collected from the placental end of the umbilical cord after delivery of baby and serum was separated and routine biochemistry investigation was performed by autoanalyzer. Serum fluoride levels were analyzed by ISE in cord blood of both the groups. In the present study, cord blood fluoride levels were higher in babies with congenital anomalies as compared to healthy controls. Fluoride crosses the placenta and gets incorporated into tissues of developing conceptus. Chronic exposure to high fluoride levels may produce harmful effects on developing fetus especially brain and heart, thyroid and increased future risk of cancer. Thus, findings of the present study suggest that fluoride in pollution exposures (agricultural and industrial) in this region might be a causative factor in congenital anomalies in this region.

Published by: Dr. Abhra Ghosh, Dr. Simmi Kharb, Dr. Smiti NandaResearch Area: Cord Blood, Congenital Anomalies, Fluoride, Pre-Eclamsia

Organisation: Pt. B. D. Sharma pgims, Rohtak, HaryanaKeywords: Cord Blood, Congenital Anomalies, Newborns, Fluoride.

Case Study

65. Catastrophic Analysis and Environmental Impact Assessment of Barvi Dam

This is an idea of learning and understanding the effects and results of constructing a Dam in the path of any existing natural water resource. This format already consists of most of the possible harms created by a man-made structure, we are focusing on the harms mostly becomes the benefits are already very well known. Further renowned researchers like Bhaise Sanjay Devides, Sir Soderbaum, Sir Snow, Sir Michael Webber, Sir Snow etc. did magnificent jobs in considering drawbacks and partly made efforts for the betterment of the rehabilitated society. Their hard work for making the lives of the rehabilitated societies full of harmony again was the main reason why they have a special mention and respect. Our topic further has the following important points. The EA process found the major benefits of the project and the sponsors to be followed: ·EIA reduces the actual cost and time of project implementation so as to have a better efficiency. ·EIA methods can make cost-saving modifications in the project design thus they can help in the project designing of the project as to have a better clearance of the untitled work. ·EIA increases project acceptance and thus, guides in a proper manner for the future better understanding of the project. ·The processes making should not harm the surrounding area and environment because of this process is avoiding the variation between lows and regulation as well as its avoid the impact. ·EIA improves project performance so that the further carried out work is to be done on the past basis or the assumptions which are to be taken in proper order so as to have a better evaluation work. EIA avoids treatment/clean costs which in turn helps us to make the project environmentally clean.

Published by: Poonam Kashinath Supe, Omkar Jayendra Tarphe, Rahul M. Sonar, P. J. SalunkeResearch Area: Civil Engineer

Organisation: MGM's College Of Engineering and Technology, Kamothe Navi-MumbaiKeywords: Catastrophic Analysis, Environmental Engineering, Geo-Environmental Engineering.

Research Paper

66. Analysis and performance evaluation of slender square fin geometry for application in electronics devices heat sink

This paper focuses on a development of a heat sink with slender square fins for the application of relay circuit cooling wherein the device shall be used to cool inline snatch relays that are used as circuit breakers in PLC boards. The geometrical layout and thermal analysis of the heat sink are discussed in this paper. The relay circuits need effective heat sinks in order to dissipate the hot side heat from the chip to the atmosphere. This encourages designing a heat sink in which heat transfer enhancement is carried out by designing of slender square fins with plain and skewed profile fins that have a three-layer concentric triangular layout. With this geometrical layout, the thermal analysis and heat transfer enhancement from plain and skewed profile fins configuration are carried out. Thus the study is focused on design development and testing of the heat sink with slender square fins that have a generic progressive transverse layout of fins. The surface area enhancement and cross flow heat dissipation is planned through the use of through skew in the direction normal to of air flow. The geometrical layout and thermal analysis of these fins are discussed in the paper. Fins to dissipate approximately 35 to 40 watt of energy to get a desired to bring about the cooling of the relay circuits.

Published by: Vikrant Chandrakant Unde, Dr. R R Navthar, Shrikant KathwateResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering

Organisation: G H Raisoni College of Engineering and Management, Ahmednagar, MaharashtraKeywords: Thermal analysis, Heat sink, Heat dissipation, Pressure drop, Electronic devices

Research Paper

67. CFD analysis and parameter optimization of Divergent Convergent Nozzle

The current research work is related to the computational fluid dynamic analysis of two-dimensional convergent-divergent nozzle in Ansys software. It using the CVM (control volume method) to solve the governing equation of fluid flow problem formulated under the given boundary condition. The basic aim of the current study is to determine the most suitable or optimum configuration of convergent-divergent angle in DC Nozzle. The parameter of a nozzle is taken according to the DC nozzle geometry. The different configuration has made by vary angle from 15 to 40 degree at the step of 5 degrees for Convergent angle and for divergent angle, it varies from 12.5 degrees to 20 degrees at the step of 2.5 degrees. The analysis was performed in the fluent workbench of ansys software. The input data for the nozzle is taken as the temperature of exhaust gas and pressure at the inlet. The output data is obtained by fluent in the form of temperature plot and pressure distribution and velocity gradient and Mach number are calculated for each combination.

Published by: Uttam Kumar, Sudhir Singh Rajput, Dr. Praveen BorkarResearch Area: Thermal Engineering

Organisation: Raipur Institute of Technology, Raipur, ChhattisgarhKeywords: CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamic), CVM (Control Volume Method), DC (Divergent Convergent Nozzle)

Survey Report

68. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants in Cuddallore district

India is a versatile emporium of medicinal plants and aromatic plants. The use of medicinal plants for the treatment of various diseases in Cuddalore district was studied. The main data was collected by a series of informal interviews and general conversation administered by the traditional medical practitioners. Results: A number of hundred and thirty-one (131) plant species belonging to 113 genera from 55 families were described as being traditionally used for the treatment of diseases. From the study, plant species could be considered as a promising source for further scientific validation in the search for new, effective and affordable drugs. This report represents a useful long lasting document, which can contribute to preserve knowledge on the use of medicinal plants in this region and also stimulate the interest of future generation on traditional healing practices.

Published by: Priyalaxmi Rajesh, Sumathi V, Viswanathan SResearch Area: Medical Microbiology

Organisation: Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil NaduKeywords: Herbal medicine, Ethnobotanical survey, Cuddallore, Plant parts


69. Analytical method development and validation for the estimation of Saxagliptin and Metformin by RP HPLC method

Separation of Metformin and Saxagliptin was successfully achieved thermo, C18 250X4.6mm, 5µm, or equivalent in an isocratic mode utilizing 0.1M KH2PO4: Methanol (65:35) at a flow rate of 1.0ml/min and elute was monitored at 256nm, with a retention time of 2.787 and 3.436 minutes for Metformin and Saxagliptin respectively. The method was validated and their response was found to be linear in the drug concentration range of 50µg/ml to 150µg/ml for Metformin and 50µg/ml to 150µg/ml for Saxagliptin. The LOD and LOQ for Metformin were to be 0.747 and 2.488 respectively. The LOD and LOQ for Saxagliptin were found to be 0.0268 and 0.0893 respectively. This method was found to be a good percentage recovery for were found to be 99.76% and 99.77% respectively indicates that the proposed method is highly accurate. The method was extensively validated according to ICH guidelines for Linearity, Accuracy, Precession, Specificity, and Robustness.

Published by: Rohini Surisetti, K. NagarajuResearch Area: Pharmaceutical Sciences

Organisation: Sir C.R. Reddy College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Eluru, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Saxagliptin, Metformin, High-performance liquid chromatography

Research Paper

70. Stock market prediction using machine learning

The basic tool aimed at increasing the rate of investor's interest in stock markets is by developing a vibrant application for analyzing and predicting stock market prices. In this report we explain, the development and implementation of a stock market price prediction application using a machine learning algorithm. In this report, we try to analyze existing and new methods of stock market prediction. We take three different approaches to solving the problem: Fundamental analysis, Technical Analysis and The application of Machine Learning. We found evidence in support of the weak form of the Efficient Market Hypothesis. We can use Fundamental Analysis and Machine Learning to guide an investor’s decisions. We demonstrate a common flaw in Technical Analysis methodology to show that it produces limited useful information. Based on our findings, algorithmic trading programs are developed and simulated using Quant. During the past few decades, various machine learning techniques have been applied to study the highly theoretical and speculative nature of the stock market by capturing and using repetitive patterns. Different companies use different types of analysis tools for forecasting and the main aim is the accuracy, with which they predict which set of stocks would yield the maximum amount of profit.

Published by: Gareja Pradip, Chitrak Bari, J. Shiva NandhiniResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Stock market, Application development, Machine learning algorithm, Python, Reinforcement learning

Research Paper

71. Operation analytics: Uber and ola logistics optimization

Uber and Ola both are one of the fastest growing firms in the taxi aggregator industry. However, both run through very different operations and working logistics in terms of driver and rides, route optimization, area connectivity, and availability. With this paper, we aim to draw a comparison between daily working and logistics optimization of both Uber and Ola, so as to understand the workings and the shortcomings of both the firms on whole. For this purpose, we have used mathematical and analytical tools of operations research.

Published by: Rashi Goel, Pushti Jain, Rajat Singhal, Riddhi Jhunjhunwala, Ritika DoshiResearch Area: Operations Research

Organisation: SVKM's Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Uber, Ola, Logistics optimalization, Route optimization, Operations research

Research Paper

72. Video assisted teaching programme on first-aid for common medical emergencies

Adolescents are a period of curative madness in which every teenager has to remake his personality to free himself/herself from childhood, from parent and establish a new identity. Apart from the emotional and psychological independence, an adolescent has to deal with the ongoing physical and sexual changes in the body. He /she must have the intelligence to deal with external forces over which he/she has little control. Adolescents, mainly boys are very energetic at this stage and are prone to road accidents because of fast and negligent driving. They are at particular risk of violent deaths due to adventurous, great risk-taking and aggressive behavior. (Neelam Takur 2007) The goal of first aid is to save a life, prevent injury or illness from worsening or to help the speedy recovery. First aid and basic life support are so important to teach basic first aid and should be compulsory in all schools. Without any delay first aid saves a person’s life, it is always better as it is said that “Preparedness is a key element of first-aid”. The approach of the study was quantitative research with an evaluative approach. The study was conducted in Government High School Thirunanthikarai at Kulasekharam, Kanyakumari District. The population was Adolescents who are studying in classes of 8th and 9th standard (13-14 years). Purposive sampling technique was used. The sample size was 60 Adolescents in the age group. The tools used for data collection were demographic variables and structured knowledge questionnaire. The analysis revealed that there was a significant improvement in the mean knowledge. The pretest knowledge score was 23.4 and posttest knowledge score was 78.2. Video-Assisted Teaching Programme improved the knowledge level. The ‘t’ value found that 28.2 (P < 0.05 level of significance). That showed that there was a significant improvement in the level of knowledge after the Video Assisted Teaching Programme.

Published by: Ajitha, Daly Christabel H., Suja RenjiniResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: Sree Mookambika College of Nursing, Kulasekharam, Tamil NaduKeywords: Video assisted teaching programme, First-aid, Common medical emergencies and adolescent

Case Study

73. Auto transplantation of a Mandibular Third Molar tooth with immediate root canal therapy: A Case series

Auto transplantation of teeth defines as the movement of a tooth from one place to another position within the same individual. It has been practiced for many years with varying degrees of success in the human race. Auto transplantation of teeth ensures maintenance of alveolar bone volume by physiological stimulation of the periodontal ligament. It requires long-term follow up of both clinical and radiographical evaluations. Auto transplantation includes transplantation of embedded, impacted or erupted teeth from one site into other extraction sites or surgically prepared site of the same person. Auto transplantation has been used to replace missing teeth and teeth with poor prognosis. In our study, we have used schinder’s root curvature analysis with immediate root canal therapy which is an additional tool for both endodontist and the oral surgeon. The newer technique of analyzing root curvature in both transplatation tooth and donor site had a great benefit for the success rate of our study. Root curvature analysis helped in both time management and planning of entire transplantation procedure. Radiographs evaluation showed readopted of periodontal tissue and successful masticatory function of the transplanted tooth.

Published by: Dr. Shwetha R. S., Dr. Venugopal S. S., Dr. K. Rashmi, Dr. Sourabh J. Torvi, Dr. Jyoti Talawar, Suganya Guruswamy, Dr. Ranjitha B. B.Research Area: Oral Surgery and Endodontics

Organisation: Government Dental College, Bangalore, KarnatakaKeywords: Auto transplantation, Schneider’s analysis, Root canal therapy, Periodontal ligament readaptation, Mandibular 3rd molars tooth

Research Paper

74. Uniform spatial subdivision to improve Boids Algorithm in a gaming environment

Video games often make use of simulation to represent part of a real-world phenomenon; be it simulating a typical crowd behavior (e.g. chaos, rioting), or particle simulation (e.g. fire, smoke) and many other uses. Games have one common characteristic, i.e. they are interactive real-time systems, meaning to say processes that run in these applications must execute within a limited time threshold for the application to be called successful. The Boids algorithm is often used in these applications for realistic simulation of flocking type of behavior of virtual crowds. However, simulation of crowds in real-time using the algorithm is computationally time-consuming, due to how the algorithm evaluates the whole crowd when searching for possible nearest neighbors for each agent in the simulation. There are several approaches to improve the performance of these flocking simulations in real-time, and in this document, we discuss some of those methods that have been applied to the Boids Algorithm. We further implement and test one of these performance optimization methods, and use benchmarking results to compare the performance of the method versus the Boids Algorithms’ brute force neighborhood gathering approach

Published by: Prudence M Mavhemwa, Ignatius NyanganiResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: Bindura University of Science Education, Bindura, ZimbabweKeywords: CPU, GPU, GPGPU, Interactive systems, Agent, Crowd, Simulation model, 2D, 3D, Crowd simulation, AI

Review Paper

75. Geriatric health care– Review article

People aged 65 to 74 years are the new or young elderly who tend to be relatively healthy and active; People aged 75 to 84 years are the old or mid-old, who vary from those being healthy and active to those managing an array of chronic diseases; People 85 years and older are the oldest-old, who tend to be physically frailer. According to the WHO, the global population is increasing at the annual rate of 1.7 percent, while the population of those over 65 years is increasing at a rate of 2.5 percent. Physiologic changes have a cumulative effect as they relate to the continuum of biologic, psychologic, social, and environmental processes of aging. Changes occur for all people, tissues, and organs, however, these changes occur with differing rates and individual variability. The loss of elders' ability to function to capacity includes a decline in respiratory function and the inability to accommodate to temperature changes. It is important for the dental team to be aware of these changes; in particular when older adults are challenged by trauma, acute illness, or external temperature extremes. The central nervous system undergoes significant changes during the course of aging. Decreased response time is often seen in the elderly population, but there is a wide variation between individuals. The immune system becomes less competent with age. Lesions of the oral mucosa associated with wearing removable dentures may represent acute or chronic reactions to the constituents of the denture base material or a mechanical injury caused by the denture. In India, many people consume alcohol, bidi, cigarettes, and Gutkha, The major block in the oral health care of elderly and the residents would be the underestimation of the oral health care need by them. The dental care of the residents is often limited to emergency care and is not aimed at retaining teeth. Conversely, with changing attitudes the oral health goal should include: Keeping their teeth, keeping their teeth healthy and keeping their teeth pretty.

Published by: Dr. Uday Patel, Dr. Anupriya Malonia, Dr. Rupal Vaidya, Dr. Shraddha ChokshiResearch Area: Oral Health Care

Organisation: Ahmedabad Dental College, Ahmedabad, GujaratKeywords: Aging, Elderly, Oral health care, Physiologic changes

Research Paper

76. Application of game theory in water resource management

With this research paper, we aim to analyze the effectiveness of Game Theory in Water Resource Allocation through simple two-by-two symmetric water resource games. The results of examples using three kinds of game theory icons are scanned to compare cooperative and non-cooperative game players. The highest payoff is achieved when both the players cooperate hence this paper explains how decision makers’ rational behavior, who are trying to maximize their own objectives, might result in overall Pareto-inferior outcomes.

Published by: Simran Jhawar, Soumya Agarwaal, Taarini Oberoi, Tejas Sharma, Aarya ThakkarResearch Area: Game Theory, Water Resource Allocation

Organisation: Anil Surendra Modi School of Commerce- NMIMS, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Game Theory, Prisoner’s Dilemma, Chicken game, Stag Hunt

Case Study

77. Visionary educationist: A case study of Dr. Prabir Sarkar

The main objective of the present study was to examine the educational and social contributions of Dr. Prabir Sarkar a visionary educationist towards tribes in Amarkantak region of Madhya Pradesh, India. A case study was conducted through personal interview followed by participatory and non- participatory observation for data collection. The secondary data were collected from printed media. The main educational contributions of Dr.Sarkar are tribal education, women education, residential-based education, free education, value-based- character building education, health, and natural education. He is also fighting for eliminating social evils like social discrimination, educational inequalities, deep-rooted corruption, poverty, dogmas, Irrationalities, and superstition in tribal communities.

Published by: Brundabana MeherResearch Area: Legal Education Or Tribal Education

Organisation: Gangadhar Meher University, Sambalpur, OdishaKeywords: Tribes, Education, Women education, Amarkantak region

Research Paper

78. Operations research in food delivery

In this paper, we explore the use of Operations Research in food delivery companies and how restaurants can choose between emerging food delivery companies using Transportation problems. The model used identifies the source that is the restaurant from where the quantity of food will be delivered to the destination that are the food delivery companies that want to grow their business by getting maximum amount of quantity from restaurants that can be delivered through them so that they can earn their profit and the restaurants can aim for cost minimization. The creation and use of a mathematical model helps in understanding the logical and systematic process and approach that can be used by food deliveries and business to make a decision regarding the decision of distribution. However as there are no exact figures used in this paper, this just gives an overview of how transportation modelling can be used in the decision making of the food delivery companies and restaurants.

Published by: Megha Gera, Netal Nawander, Neha Tharwani, Paalan BhatiaResearch Area: Operations Research

Organisation: SVKM's Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Food delivery companies, Cost minimization, Mathematical model, Transportation problem

Research Paper

79. A comparative study on inhaled Corticosteroids versus Placebo in the management of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Role of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in COPD is a controversial subject. Studies have reported conflicting results on the effect of ICS therapy in COPD. This study aims to assess the role of inhaled Corticosteroid (Budesonide-400ug) in the management of COPD. METHODS: Fifty Patients with newly diagnosed Stage 3 or 4 COPD as per Gold guideline were selected. Baseline FEV1, number of hospitalisation and exacerbations were entered. The patients were randomly assigned to receive Long acting beta2 agonist (LABA) (FORMOTEROL 6ug) + long acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) (TIOTROPIUM 18ug) + placebo or (FORMOTEROL 6ug) + (TIOTROPIUM 18ug) + Inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) (BUDESONIDE400ug). All drugs were given as metered dose inhalers with spacer. Patients were reviewed after one year and reassessed FEV1, number of exacerbations and hospitalisation. Data was analysed with SPSS version16. Demographic and baseline parameters were comparable in both groups. Both treatments brought significant reduction in hospitalisation rate (p value -.002 and .009 respectively). But there was no difference between two groups with respect to hospitalisation rate (P value-.825). There was reduction in exacerbation rate in both treatment groups (p value .001 each). But the difference in exacerbation rate between two groups was not statistically significant (P value-.192). FEV1 was found to be declining in both treatment groups. Local side effects like oral candidiasis were more common in steroid group. The inhaled bronchodilators (LABA+LAMA), as well as inhaled bronchodilators with inhaled steroid (LAMA+LABA+ICS), bring significant reduction in exacerbation and hospitalisation rates of COPD. But the addition of inhaled steroid with bronchodilators does not bring about any additional advantage in bringing down the exacerbation or hospitalisation rates further.

Published by: Dr. Shone P James, Dr. Davis Paul, Dr. Dinesa Prabhu, Dr. P S Shajahan, Dr. K P VenugopalResearch Area: Medical Science

Organisation: Government Medical College, Kottayam, KeralaKeywords: COPD, Inhaled Corticosteroids (ICS), Inhaled Bronchodilators, FEV1, LABA, LAMA

Research Paper

80. Applications of operations research in advertising media

Undoubtedly one of the most crucial functions in a service or product’s life is the prospect of it being most effectively marketed to its potential customers. This makes advertising one of the most important functions of a firm. Efficient and effective marketing involves soliciting and engaging best possible market segments and providing vital information about the product’s existence to existing and prospective users. Any advertising endeavor is structured in a manner that it has a powerful impact on the segments targeted in a given budgetary constraint and a set of quantitative, qualitative constraints. The paper talks about the use of linear programming models and regression analysis which are used in the optimum selection of media to maximize profits under given budgetary constraints. It also talks about the limitations of using the above-mentioned techniques. In an ever-changing, competitive environment and the existence of various products that have to be marketed by the same firm, operations research provides flexibility in decision making by providing various alternative feasible solutions.

Published by: Sanishtha Bhatia, Shireen Samir Wagh, Shanav Jalan, Sanchit Pandey, Schnella DiasResearch Area: Operations Research

Organisation: Anil Surendra Modi School of Commerce- NMIMS, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Operations Research, Linear programming, Regression, Advertisement, Budgeting

Research Paper

81. Translations of the noble Qur’an

The Qur’an is the book of Allah the mighty, sent for the entire humanity. It is a miracle that has no match, the words of which has the depth of countless oceans and immensity of skies. Sent word by word with utmost sophistication and eloquence to our beloved Prophet Muhammadﷺ through the leader of angels Hazrat JibreelAS. The Qur’an has in total 114 Surat (chapters) with each chapter consisting few too many Ayats (verses). About the authenticity of the miraculous Qur’an Allah says in Surat 17 (Bani Israel) Ayat 88: Say, “If mankind and the jinn gathered in order to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like of it, even if they were to each other assistants.” (17:88) The Qur’an is the constitution revealed by Allah to regulate and govern human life. It has the essence and knowledge of the entire conception by its creator. The Qur’an is the perfect and the only complete guide. We have witnessed changes and revisions in the sacred texts of other faiths but the inimitable quality of the Qur’an has reserved its place as it had in the days of Prophet Muhammadﷺ.

Published by: Fasil Barkat DarResearch Area: English Literature

Organisation: Mewar University, Chittorgarh, RajasthanKeywords: Prophet Muhammadﷺ , Qur’an, Surat, Ayat

Review Paper

82. A review on analysis the characteristic behaviour of quarry and furnace waste kerb stone

Quarry Dust and the crushed stone as alternative aggregates for concrete production for low-cost housing since it is clear that the rising cost of concrete materials coupled with environmental degradation has impaired the construction industry. The following tests were carried out to determine the physical properties of these materials; density tests, silt content, water absorption, sieve analysis, specific gravity, flakiness index and aggregate crushing value. The research was conducted by testing concrete cylinder and cubes specimens at ages of 7, 14 and 28 days concrete with concrete mix ratios 1:1.5:3 with a target strength of 25N/mm2 and 1:2:4 with a target strength of 20N/mm2. Samples of concrete specimens were made using varying contents of quarry dust and laterite as fine aggregate. India is a developing contrary due to there is a huge need for infrastructure that is why construction is very important. In the construction the main material his problem we are making Kerb stone using this. This Kerb stone is stronger economical and effective than the clay Kerb stone. This process also helps in converting the industrial waste material into quality building material. In this study, the fine and coarse aggregates were completely replaced by Quarry & Furnace Waste aggregates in Quarry & Furnace Waste concrete. In the present study, we are making three types of Quarry & Furnace Waste Kerb stones in the different percentage of cement such as 3%, 5% and without cement. And after making these Kerb stones various tests were performed such as compressive strength test, water absorption test, efflorescence, weight test, structural test, and cost analysis and these results were compared with normal Kerb stones results.

Published by: Sandeep, Nitin ThakurResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Quarry dust, Kerb stone, Furnance, Concrete

Research Paper

83. Analysis the characteristic behaviour of quarry and furnace waste kerb stone

Quarry Dust and the crushed stone as alternative aggregates for concrete production for low-cost housing since it is clear that the rising cost of concrete materials coupled with environmental degradation has impaired the construction industry. The following tests were carried out to determine the physical properties of these materials; density tests, silt content, water absorption, sieve analysis, specific gravity, flakiness index and aggregate crushing value. The research was conducted by testing concrete cylinder and cubes specimens at ages of 7, 14 and 28 days concrete with concrete mix ratios 1:1.5:3 with a target strength of 25N/mm2 and 1:2:4 with a target strength of 20N/mm2. Samples of concrete specimens were made using varying contents of quarry dust and laterite as fine aggregate. India is a developing contrary due to there is a huge need for infrastructure that is why construction is very important. In the construction the main material his problem we are making Kerb stone using this. This Kerb stone is stronger economical and effective than the clay Kerb stone. This process also helps in converting the industrial waste material into quality building material.

Published by: Sandeep, Nitin ThakurResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Om Institute of Technology and Management, Hisar, HaryanaKeywords: Quarry dust, Kerb stone, Furnance, Concrete

Review Paper

84. An intelligent human life safety system

An electric shock is due to the electric leakage which results from a lot of damage to appliances and also causes injury to humans even leads to death. Forty-two percent of total fires occur due to electrical sources and eight percent of deaths that occurs in Indian factories are due to electrocution. When a part of the body gets conduct between two conductors or between a conductor and a grounding source, it forms a complete circuit and results in electrical shock. Each year, the result of electrical accidents is more than 12,306 crores in property damage in home and industry. To overcome these problems, our project gives a better solution. Electric shock or accidents can be prevented by the proposed system. Whenever the human is electrocuted, the electric shock is detected and then the sensed signal is transmitted to the microcontroller using the RF transmitter and receiver. The microcontroller is used to detect the signal from RF receiver and then the microcontroller passes the control to relay which will trip the main board. Then the alarm sounds as it is alert for the nearby users. It also gives the alert message to the authorized person using GSM. With the help of IoT technology, the exact location and time information can be found and the electric shock information is stored for data records. This proposed system helps to find the electric shock and to avoid the untoward incident happening in the home or industry and saves the human life.

Published by: Abinaya S., Ramya E., Hariharan D., Gowtham C.Research Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: SNS College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Internet of Things, GSM/GPRS, GSM M590E Module

Research Paper

85. Use of operations research in football

This paper presents the use of operations research in football and the FIFA world cup. Football is getting popular day by day and so is the use of Operations Research in it. Operations Research is used in football for designing football, designing goal lines and goal posts, proper selection and distribution of teams, knowing the probability of win-lose and optimizing the overall costs. There are a few limitations of Operations Research like hiring an Operations Research expert for analysing. The implementation is also a drawback. But, Operations Research has proved very useful for the football industry.

Published by: Janki Hariani, Harshita Malladi, Jash Mehta, Manthan Dedhia, Kaushik BhutkaResearch Area: Operations Research

Organisation: SVKM's Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Operations research, Football, Probability, Selection

Research Paper

86. Auction of mines in India

The concept of the auction came right around the time economists saw the opportunity between the gap of demand and supply as well as the value attached to some items. Economists generally like to believe that the auction originates from the concept of scarcity that is the death of a certain required commodity in the required amount. Resources are limited but the population grows, opening the biggest market in the whole wide world up for auction- resources. The land has its own format of adjusting its price according to market forces. But mineral and other resources need to be allocated not just on the basis of market forces but other factors like the population, its density, the local environment, etc. thus came into the picture the concept of controlled auctions by the government who usually own the resources. As most governments do not allow private sectors to own such important resources, the property themselves weren’t auctioned but rather leased out on a contract basis. In South Africa, the debate on sharing mineral wealth between stakeholders can be traced back to the mine labor disputes of the 1920s and 1940s, and the 1955 freedom charter (competitive resource tenders as an option for mining rights allocation in South Africa, November 2013). Around the world, the auctioning of mines started in the 1950s.

Published by: Janki Hariani, Harshita Malladi, Jash Mehta, Manthan Dedhia, Kaushik BhutkaResearch Area: Economics (mining sector of India)

Organisation: SVKM's Narsee Monjee Institute Of Management Studies, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Auction, Mining, India, Government, Market forces

Research Paper

87. Application of operations research in financial markets and marketing

This paper reviews the Applications of Operations Research in Financial Markets and Marketing. It shows how OR has become an interface for such dynamic Fields. Finance can be described as the science of money management. It is quantitative in nature. Marketing is the study and management of exchange relationships (Bagozzi, Richard, 1975). It is more behavioural and innovative in nature. However, in this paper, we see how similar OR techniques can be applied to two contrasting fields.

Published by: Maria Shaikh, Manvi Mehta, Miloni Shah, Mehnaz Ali, Shivam MahanaResearch Area: Operations Research

Organisation: Anil Surendra Modi School of Commerce- NMIMS, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Finance, Financial markets, Marketing, Operations, Operations research, Applications, Optimisation models

Review Paper

88. A review on challenges and opportunities in Blockchain Technology

The Blockchain is a decentralized exchange and information association improvement grew first for Bitcoin cryptographic money. A Blockchain is basically a passed on database of records, or open record everything considered or motorized occasions that have been executed and shared among taking interest parties. Each exchange the comprehensive network record is certified by an assertion of a greater bit of the people in the structure. Once entered, data can never be deleted. The Blockchain contains a certain and clear record of each and every exchange whenever made. Bitcoin, the decentralized appropriated electronic money, is the most standard blueprint that utilization Blockchain advancement. The modernized cash Bitcoin itself is outstandingly sketchy at any rate the central Blockchain headway has worked consummately and discovered wide grouping of utilization in both monetary and non-budgetary world. The fervor for Blockchain advancement has been developing since the considering was established in 2008. The explanation for the energy for Blockchain is its focal properties that give security, namelessness and information steadfastness with no outcast alliance accountable for the exchanges, and appropriately it makes dazzling examination zones, particularly from the point of view of particular difficulties and repressions. In this examination, we have composed a consider mapping study with the objective of a social event on all basic research on Blockchain advancement. We will most likely understand the stream research subjects, inconveniences and future headings with respect to Blockchain progression from the particular point of view.

Published by: Urvi Dilipkumar RajguruResearch Area: Blockchain Technology

Organisation: Raksha Shakti University, Ahmedabad, GujaratKeywords: Bitcoin, Litecoin, Blockchain, Loyalty, Hash, Cryptocurrency, Ethereum, Private Chain, Public Chain.

Research Paper

89. Nutritional status of institutionalized elderly population of Lucknow city

The proportion of people aged 60 years is growing faster than any other age group in almost every country. The nutritional status has proven to decrease with age which affects the general health as well as oral health. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) designed by B. Vellas is a clinical assessment tool for grading nutritional status. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the nutritional status of the institutionalized elderly population of Lucknow city. All the population from all the old age homes of Lucknow city who were more than or equal to 60 years were included in the study. Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) was used to record the nutritional status. The sample included 287 elderly, of which 104 (36.2%) consisted of males, and 183 (63.8%) were females. The MNA score of the study sample showed that 78% were malnourished, 22% were at risk of malnutrition. We observed a high percentage of female (54.70%) were malnourished than male (23.30%). Within the age group of 60-65, 66-70, 71-75, 76-80, >80, we observed higher percentage of malnourished elderly population 21 (7.30%), 51 (17.80%), 61 (21.30%), 36 (12.50%), 55 (19.20%) respectively. 100% of the subjects showed nutritional deficits, a high percentage of females were more malnourished than males.

Published by: Dr. Ankita Singh, Dr. Anuradha P., Dr. Manu NarayanResearch Area: Nutrition

Organisation: Dept. of Public Health Dentistry BBD College of Dental Sciences, BBD University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Elderly, Older people, Nutritional status, Malnutrition


90. Analytical method development and validation for the estimation of chlorthalidone and atenolol by RP-HPLC

Separation of Atenolol and Chlorthalidone was successfully achieving thermal, C18, 250X4.6mm, 5µm, or equivalent in an isocratic mode utilizing 0.1M KH2PO4: Methanol (65:35) at a flow rate of 1.0ml/min and elute was monitored at 256nm, with a retention time of 3.346 and 3.931 minutes for Atenolol and Chlorthalidone respectively. The method was validated and their response was found to be linear in the drug concentration range of 50µg/ml to150 µg/ml for Atenolol and 50µg/ml to150 µg/ml for Chlorthalidone. The values of the correlation coefficient were found to 0.999 for Atenolol and 0.999 for Chlorthalidone respectively. The LOD and LOQ for Atenolol were found to be 0.110 and 0.366 respectively. The LOD and LOQ for Chlorthalidone were found to be 0.0818 and 0.2728 respectively. This method was found to be a good percentage recovery for were found to be 100 and 100 respectively indicates that the proposed method is highly accurate. The specificity of the method shows good correlation between retention times of standard with the sample so, the method specifically determines the analyte in the sample without interference from excipients of tablet dosage forms. The method was extensively validated according to ICH guidelines for Linearity, Accuracy, Precision, Specificity, and Robustness.

Published by: Rama Devi G., K. NagarajuResearch Area: Pharmaceutical Science

Organisation: Sir C. R. Reddy College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Eluru, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Chlorthalidone, Atenolol, High-performance liquid chromatography

Research Paper

91. Fear of dental pain among students of dental colleges in Lucknow city, Uttar Pradesh

Dental fear is a normal emotional reaction to one or more specific threatening stimuli in the dental situation. Fear of pain is an important issue in the practice of dentistry because it interferes with both, the provision and the receipt of dental care. The present study was conducted to assess fear of dental pain among students of dental colleges in Lucknow city. A cross-sectional study was undertaken to assess the fear of dental pain among undergraduate dental students. A self administered questionnaire was used to obtain the data. The questionnaire consisted of two parts. Part one consisted of basic demographic data of the subjects. Part two was a modified version of fear of dental pain (FDP) questionnaire.6 Fear of dental pain questionnaire is a self-administered questionnaire measuring pain-related fear to a variety of painful stimuli during routine dental treatment. It consisted of a set of 18 questions related to routine dental treatment. Among 1050 subjects majority 680(64.8%) were females and 370(35.2) were males. The highest score was for fear of being drilled in the jaw bone (2.11±1.24) and lowest was for fear to get the filling of molar teeth done (0.94±1.13). The fear score was observed to be higher among male (1.70±0.74) students compared with females (1.44±0.55) and the difference was significant (p=0.0001). The post-doc comparison tests revealed that the fear score was significantly higher among the students of 1st year (1.64±0.68). Dental fear is a major concern that should be dealt with and managed. Dental students, especially in 1st year had more fear than 4th year students. Male dental students had more fear than female dental students. “Exposure therapy” is recommended for the junior students for the exposure of feared objects to reduce the fear gap between the students of different years.

Published by: Dr. Shikha Sachan, Dr. Anuradha P., Dr. Ankita SinghResearch Area: Dental

Organisation: Maharana Pratap Dental College, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Fear, Dental fear, Filling, Drilling

Research Paper

92. AR/VR: Future trends

Augmented Reality (AR) may not be as exciting as a virtual reality roller coaster ride, however the technology is proving itself as a really great tool in our everyday lives. From social media filters, to surgical procedures, AR is apace growing in quality as a result of it brings parts of the virtual world, into our universe, therefore enhancing the items we tend to see, hear, and feel. compared to different reality technologies, increased reality lies within the middle of the mixed reality spectrum; between the real world and also the virtual world. You'll probably ne'er move to Mars, swim with dolphins, run AN Olympic one hundred meters, or sing onstage with the Rolling Stones. however if computer game ever lives up to its promise, you would possibly be able to do of these things—and several more—without even going away your home. Unlike real reality (the actual world in which we live), virtual reality means simulating bits of our world (or completely imaginary worlds) using high-performance computers and sensory equipment, like headsets and gloves. Apart from games and entertainment, it's long been used for training airline pilots and surgeons and for helping scientists to figure out complex problems such as the structure of protein molecules.

Published by: Keshav TiwariResearch Area: Augmented Reality/Virtual Reality

Organisation: Independent ResearcherKeywords: Augmented reality, Virtual reality, Mobile technology, AR, VR, Future

Research Paper

93. Mobile phone guide to study abroad

The transition from being a dependent student to an independent individual is not an easy one. Life can get extremely challenging when you move away from the comfort of your home to another country. A new country means a new life and a new approach to solving day to day problems. Putting the pieces of the puzzle together and starting from the scratch, the first three to four months will pass in a blink of an eye. Thus to reduce this difficulty of starting from a scratch we present an android application which will provide you with the list of universities most relevant to your profile.

Published by: Shweta BhaleraoResearch Area: Android application

Organisation: Datta Meghe College of Engineering, Navi Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Studying abroad, Foreign universities, Android application

Research Paper

94. Strength characteristics of recycled concrete aggregate with addition of steel fibres

We know construction activities demand a significant amount of natural materials in order to produce cement and aggregate. Procurement of these natural materials significantly modifies the natural sources and creates major environmental problems. . Furthermore, sustainable waste management is another major issue faced by countries all over the world. In order to minimize the environmental impact and energy consistency of concrete used for construction facilities, reuse of construction and demolition wastes can be a beneficial way which leads to sustainable engineering approaches to concrete mix design. The recycled concrete aggregate have some properties like the natural aggregates but the strength is less than the natural aggregates. So the strength of concrete made, recycled concrete aggregates is enhanced by addition of some additives. In this study steel fibres are added in concrete with recycled concrete to increase the workability of the concrete at same water cement ratio, in addition to increase in compressive, tensile & flexural strength of the concrete. Keywords:- Recycle Concrete Aggregate, Steel Fibre, Compressive Strength, Split Tensile Strength, Flexural Strength.

Published by: Chander Bhan, Manjit KaurResearch Area: Structure Engineering

Organisation: Indo Global College of Engineering Abhipur, PunjabKeywords: Recycle concrete aggregate, Steel fibre, Compressive strength, Split tensile strength, Flexural strength

Research Paper

95. Ice-cream: Fantasy triggering industrialization: A boon or bane to hearing

Ice cream is defined as “a sweet frozen food that is made from cream or milk products or both and is generally aerated (Beeton, Isabella, 1911). Nowadays, Industrialization is at its peak to beat the fantasy of Ice-cream lovers which catalyzes the recruitment of employees for the Ice-cream factory where the workers are more exposed to low temperature. This study provides a review of latest evidence relating to the understanding of the middle ear infections with effusion, current treatment maneuvers, their constraints, new areas of research, and new strategies for prevention and treatment. 110 workers were interviewed and examined by Otoscopic examination, Pure Tone Audiometry (Air Conduction: 250 Hz – 8 KHz & Bone Conduction: 250 Hz – 4 kHz at Octave and Mid-Octave frequencies) and Immittance Audiometry in a sound-treated room by using the modified Hughson Westlake procedure (Carhart and Jerger, 1959). It was observed that the Severity of Hearing Loss (ranging from mild to moderately severe) increases with increasing years of working experience (5-15 years). Maximum Workers were having a Moderate Conductive Hearing loss from Candy Section and Cold room as the Candy section has High atmospheric pressure & Humid condition and the Cold room had very low temperature i.e.-0.55c (31 F). The workers work more than 15 hours revolving between these two units. The continuous fluctuating exposure of the cold room and the candy section creates an imbalance in the middle ear pressure resulting in frequent episodes of Otitis Media. The present study determines the need of administration of Hearing checkups, Pneumococcal vaccines for prevention for the development of Otitis media, Compulsion for using ear protection devices, and decreasing the working hours for lessening the exposure of temperature and pressure variance (within limits). Providing ear health guidelines to the workers before joining and Organizing Hearing conservation programs.

Published by: Subhasmita Sahoo, Pragnya Paramita Prusty, Gajanan MohapatraResearch Area: Audiology

Organisation: Institute of Health Sciences, Bhubaneswar, OdishaKeywords: Ice-cream, Otitis media, Frostbite, Conductive hearing loss, Hearing conservation program

Research Paper

96. Impact of HR practice on employee engagement in IT companies with special reference to Mysore

Human resources refer to the set of individuals who make up the workforce of organization, business sector, or economy. "Human capital" is sometimes used synonymously with human resources, HRM professionals also need to help and support employees achieve and sustain high levels of engagement and performance. Performance management is an ongoing organizational process involving a wide range of activities that include identifying, assessing, and promoting individual and team performance for the purpose of achieving organizational objectives the researcher aims to measure the impact of HR practices on the human resource management processes of recruiting, training and development and maintenance of employees in the organization. The research has designed the null hypothesis with regard to the objectives of the research and the same would be tested under statistical study using, random sampling methods, stratification techniques, and suitable statistical tests, , it emphasizes the current need to develop human resource management processes and policies keeping in mind three major dimensions of HR management – Recruitment, Development and Maintenance.

Published by: Muralidhara S V, Dr. B S SubramanyaResearch Area: Human Resource

Organisation: Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Journal of Human resources practices, Employee engagement, Magazine e-articles

Research Paper

97. Chinggis Khan: The conqueror

Chinggis Khan loomed large in the nightmares of medieval Europe and his image haunts the conscience of European and American leaders today as they instigate the return of Mongol troops to the ruins of Baghdad in what some see as a re-run of history. The man who became the myth lives on through a legacy which is very much alive and thriving today in a multitude of conceptions throughout the lands where he and his immediate descendants first established their writ. Beyond his military accomplishments, Chinggis Khan also advanced the Mongol empire in many ways. He decreed the adoption of the Uyghur script as the Mongol empires writing system. He also practiced meritocracy and encouraged religious tolerance in the Mongol Empire, and unified the nomadic tribes of Northeast Asia. Present –day Mongolians regard him as the founding father of Mongolia. Although known for the brutality of his campaigns and considered by many to have been a genocidal ruler, Chinggis Khan is also credited with bringing the Silk Road under the cohesive political environment. This brought communication and trade from North East Asia into Muslim Southwest Asia and Christian Europe, thus expanding the horizons of all three cultural areas.

Published by: Dr. Suraya BasuResearch Area: Mongolia

Organisation: University of Kashmir, Srinagar, Jammu and KashmirKeywords: Mongols, Mongol empire, North East Asia, Eurasia, Medieval globalisation

Case Study

98. Cache performance improvement using software-based approach

Cache usage is a common mechanism for increasing the speed and performance of memory access and are widely used from simple microprocessors to the complex multi core-based designs. It is seen that the cache is not well designed for the embedded systems as the performance is based on probability and is not deterministic. It is difficult to guarantee the time a data will be present or absent in the cache memory. So, it becomes difficult for the embedded system to use the ability of cache to increase the performance. Normally, many real-time systems simply switch off the cache technique and use the scheduler algorithm based on the worst time memory access. There is various software stack that provides the advantage of cache time without the limitation that a hardware-based cache offers. The paper talks about the different organization and operations of cache techniques found in generally used processors, signal processing units and microcontrollers.

Published by: Adarsh Mittal, Srishti ChadhaResearch Area: Memory And Systems

Organisation: Nvidia Graphics Pvt Ltd, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Memory access improvement, Efficiency, Hardware-based cache, Software-based cache, Virtual memory access, Translation, Page access

Research Paper

99. Robust and reliable clock tree synthesis

The paper discusses various clock tree synthesis problems related to the robustness in sub-micron design nodes. The topic discussed include the clock polarity assignment problem for addressing the noise in power/ground, clock mesh design and synthesis problem for addressing the variation in clock delays and adjustable buffer delay assignment in order to support multi-voltage mode designs and parameters. The paper talks about the clock tree synthesis and the issues and difficulties faced because of the requirement of clock balancing. There are various parameters to improve the quality of the clock tree. It is important to have a reduced pessimism in the work optimization problems and the proposed techniques with regard to the circuit reliability in deep submicron design technology. The following subsections cover 1) the clock polarity assignment problem for reducing peak current noise on the clock tree. 2) the adjustable delay buffer (ADB) allocation and assignment problem that is useful in the multiple voltage modes design environment.

Published by: Adarsh Mittal, Srishti ChadhaResearch Area: VLSI Domain And Computer System

Organisation: Nvidia Graphics Pvt Ltd, Bengaluru, KarnatakaKeywords: Clock tree improvement, Efficiency, Clock design, Clock tree constraints, Embedded systems and system on chip

Survey Report

100. Digital education in Africa: An approach towards success for a better and advanced future for adult and children

As a part of the Educational growth in various parts of the underdeveloped areas throughout the country it’s a challenge for an educator to face hurdles in the society through various sources. By understanding the hurdles through the process of transforming the poor background and illiteracy it’s the Education itself that has found a way to minimize the risk of illiteracy in both Adults and children with rural background with a flexibility to learn while you go by going through a proper study of conditions of the people and their economy.

Published by: Harsha Mario Akano, Wahab Akano, B. RavibabuResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Siddharth Institute of Engineering and Technology, Veerappareddi Palem, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Flexibility, Illiteracy, Rural, Transforming, Hurdles

Case Study

101. Dangerously leaking nose

Cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) rhinorrhea is a symptom caused by the leakage of CSF into the nasal septum, resulting from a defect in the skull base. Bacterial meningitis following CSF rhinorrhea is seen even in immunocompetent individuals. Meningeal infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an example of a form of meningitis where difficulties in diagnosis and management regularly occur. However tubercular meningitis(TBM)is very rare and there is still no diagnostic method, which is both sufficiently rapid and sensitive.

Published by: Soham Mukherjee, Himanshu Bhagbole, Suraj Kumar, Krishna KumarResearch Area: Pharmacology, Medical Sciences

Organisation: Perm State Medical University, Perm, RussiaKeywords: Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea, Tubercular meningitis, CT paranasal sinuses, Bone erosion, Anti tuberculous drugs

Review Paper

102. A review paper on Support Vector Machines for image retrieval

Image retrieval is an imperative zone of advanced image preparing. An image can be recovered from a huge database on the premise of content, shading, structure or content. Content-based image retrieval utilizes the visual contents of an image, for example, surface, shading, shape, and spatial format to speak to and list the image. In normal CBIR frameworks, the visual content of the images in the database is extricated and portrayed by multi-dimensional component vectors. The component vector of the images in the database frame an element database. To recover the images, clients give the retrieval framework precedent images. The framework at that point changes these precedents into its interior portrayal of highlight vectors. In this paper we present the audit on different content-based image retrieval strategies

Published by: Nasib Kaur, Sukhdeep KaurResearch Area: Digital Image Processing

Organisation: Adesh Institute of Engineering and Technology, Faridkot, PunjabKeywords: CBIR, Content based image retrieval, Image retrieval, SVM

Research Paper

103. Modified Support Vector Machines approach for image retrieval

Content-based image retrieval uses portrayals of highlights that are naturally extracted from the images themselves. Almost the majority of the current CBIR frameworks take into account questioning by-precedent, a method wherein an image (or part of an image) is chosen by the client as the inquiry. The framework separates the component of the question image, scans the database for images with comparative highlights, and displays significant images to the client arranged by similitude to the inquiry. In this specific circumstance, content incorporates among different highlights, perceptual properties, for example, surface, shading, shape, and spatial connections. Numerous CBIR frameworks have been produced that think about, break down and recover images based on at least one of these highlights. A few frameworks have made different degrees of progress by joining both content-based and message based retrieval. In all cases, in any case, there has been no complete end with respect to what highlights give the best retrieval. In this paper, we present a changed SVM system to recover the images like the inquiry image.

Published by: Nasib Kaur, Sukhdeep KaurResearch Area: Digital Image Processing

Organisation: Adesh Institute of Engineering and Technology, Faridkot, PunjabKeywords: SVM, Modified SVM, Content based image retrieval, CBIR

Research Paper

104. IoT based border alert and secured system for fisherman

An embedded system which protects the fishermen by notifying the country border to them by using Global Positioning System (GPS) and Global system for mobile communication (GSM). Using GPS, we can find the current latitude and longitude values and is sent to the microcontroller unit. Then the controller unit finds the current location by comparing the present latitude and longitudinal values with the predefined value. Then from the result of the comparison, this system aware the fishermen that they are about to reach the nautical border. Looking at this operation from an IoT (Internet of Things) lens, and taking account of the latest technology, it seems necessary and desirable to integrate the data sources to make sure that the perspective that needs is based on a complete picture of the situation – not just whether the traveler or a vehicle is on the watch list. This paper looks at some of the issues and opportunities that appear to be worth considering. It is necessarily a cursory look presented in the hope that it will be of use as the thought process for such a project starts. These are strictly personal views of the authors who have no connection with any law-enforcement agency If the boat enters the zone nearer to the restricted zone the alarm will turn on and the speed of the boat engine automatically gets controlled by the concerned authority and once it touches the restricted zone and its pulled back to the non restricted area.

Published by: Uthayakumar Jothilingam, Liston Deva GlindisResearch Area: IoT

Organisation: Dhanalakshmi Srinivasan College of Engineering, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Global Positioning System (GPS), Global System for Mobile communication (GSM), Nautical border

Research Paper

105. Human rights violations in Myanmar: Rohingya case

Myanmar gained its independence in 1948 and faced a military coup in 1962. The country was ruled by a military dictatorship for two generations. During the period of military dictatorship, the economy, social order, cultural diversity, and political freedoms had been continuously decreased. In addition, there had been an increase in human rights violations. Today, Myanmar human rights violations are one of the worst countries in the world. In particular, human rights violations against ethnic minorities have increased dramatically. As a result of these human rights violations increasing, armed conflicts started between many ethnic minorities and army. This paper examines human rights violations against ethnic minorities in Myanmar. The human rights violations of the Myanmar regime against ethnic minorities have been analyzed in depth with the case of Rohingya.

Published by: Ahmet Yiğitalp TulgaResearch Area: Human Rights Violations

Organisation: National Sun Yat Sen University, Kaohsiung, TaiwanKeywords: Myanmar, Ethnic minorities, Army force, Human rights violations, Rohingya

Review Paper

106. Impact on learning and teaching with cloud computing

In today’s technology based world, using cloud based learning, teachers are improvising on teaching methodologies by integrating modern technologies such as blended learning and collaborative learning, thus creating an effective learning environment for students In a rapidly evolving technological world, cloud computing is an emerging trend that has firmly sunk its footprints in a surplus of industrial verticals. Importantly, the cloud is proving to be an important backbone in the modern education sector. Cloud computing is a very important low cost entry to education market for many small, medium and upcoming educational institutions, due to the pay as you use pricing framework, and delegation of resource and computing tasks to remote cloud data centers. Hence if today, I want to open a community college, if need not worry about buying strong supercomputers, databases, servers, and physical support staff for them, for my computing, record keeping and other cyber-dependent tasks etc. I can just delegate them to the cloud, which provide results back to cheap thin clients at your college. Thus there is reduced investment, hence I can charge my students less for their fees, if I want to keep my profits constant. During vacations, nothing is used, so no pay is required, during end semester you can have more traffic and then you pay more as you use. As you could see there is a tremendous benefit for students, colleges and university administration. Cloud Computing is a very low cost entry to accessing large scale infrastructure for imparting effective computer science education and experiments that need to test big data, massive parallel algorithms etc. The students could also benefit by lesser fees, because of reduced investment and maintenance of in house cyber infrastructure. This paper focuses on the impact on the learning and teaching with cloud computing and show the beneficial of the cloud computing in Educational sector.

Published by: Shartaj FatimaResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaKeywords: Cloud computing, Educational sector, Learning, Teaching, Space-saving technology, Collaborate

Case Study

107. A study on employee retention strategies at Hyundai Motor India Limited in digital era

In today’s scenario, retaining the employees is becoming a challengeable job. Hiring knowledge people for the job is essential for an employer. But the retention is more important than hiring because the employees are valuable assets to the organization. So it is the responsibility of the organization to develop the strategies in order to retain the employee. Today, employees are different. They are not the ones who don’t have good opportunities in hand. As soon as they feel dissatisfied with the current employer or the job, they switch over to the next job.

Published by: N. MuthuselviResearch Area: Commerce

Organisation: Mangayarkarasi College of Arts and Science for Women, Madurai, Tamil NaduKeywords: ITI- Industrial Training Institute

Review Paper

108. The power of knowledge: A mini review

Knowledge is familiarity or understanding of something or someone through experience. Gaining knowledge is acquiring information, skills or facts through education, experience or through other means of understanding. This article gives information on this topic in a way to impart more knowledge about this topic and also bring more understanding of the subject matter. This review provides the basic definition of knowledge and the power that knowledge commands. Moreover, the review gives a clear description of how knowledge is resourceful in an individual point of view. Also, the text has described the relationship between knowledge and technology.

Published by: Nasser Salim Ali Al ShekailiResearch Area: Arts, Social Sciences

Organisation: Ministry of Health, Muscat, OmanKeywords: Power, Knowledge, Technology

Research Paper

109. Cathode ray propulsion rocket

The Cathode Ray Propulsion Rocket is working by an atomic reactor power supply source with a rectifier for the D.C. current which is needed for cathode ray tube. Cathode Ray has a momentum with light speed/second that is why if we achieve 1/10th part speed of the light speed then we can get a big achievement for technological progress in the sector of missile defense and space research sector in an eco-friendly environment. Someone said that who has the advantage position in speed and range of fighter aircraft and missile, he is the game changer of the last moment of electronic warfare. Emitted Cathode Ray is not the cause of polluted gas caused by the burning of liquid and solid fuel but we have to find out the exact voltage current and size with a type of the cathode ray tube for generating necessary thrust for liftoff of the rocket. U.S.A. has made a cathode ray toy (Bablet) by the help of NASA but this kind of rocket engine’s example has not been designed. Atomic aircraft cargo fighter ship and atomic submarine are not for emitting cathode ray by using Newton’s third law of motion but it is. It needs a heat shield for every module for the protection against damage caused by excessive heat due to an atomic reactor. Technical phenomena of rectifier can be selected according to the electrical power of the atomic reactor. It will be very helpful and time saver for an unmanned planetary astronomical mission. High level of security measures should be taken with external anti-radiation moderator because we have to always remember that it is an atomic reactor power source based project. I think a hole external moderator assembly should be made because any disaster in the mid sky will be catastrophic and due to this I am saying it can be used in war only in case of atomic threat by the enemies as keeping in mind as a factor of world peace.

Published by: Krishnendu SenguptaResearch Area: Uttarpara Kotnang

Organisation: Hooghly Engineering and Technology College, Chinsurah, West BengalKeywords: C.R.P.R. (Cathode Ray Propulsion Rocket)

Research Paper

110. Design and fabrication of embedded cutting and drilling machine

We all live in a world of advancing technologies which is shifting its gears day by day such as to comfort us at every step leaving behind time at a much rapid rate. Machines are the main source of production which influences us. Thus, making the process of manufacturing efficient in all aspects increases the production rate and human resource. Considering all these aspects, our aim is to design a multipurpose device such as to make it reliable and decrease the workload. We have fabricated the device in such a way to perform no. of operations like cutting and drilling with the use of a hydraulic system using the same. The device makes sure that it reduces the time and increases productivity at a definite rate.

Published by: Nishant Sharma R, P. B. Dinesh, S. Devanathan, N. Mohammad Abu Basim, A. Ashwindh VigneshResearch Area: Manufacturing

Organisation: Velammal Institute of Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Multipurpose, Hydraulic system, Productivity, Cutting, Drilling

Research Paper

111. Impact of games for better language learning

This study examines the purpose of using games in the kids’ second language classroom and its’ benefits for the learners. Further, it investigates the possibility of using games during the class sessions as a strategy to make the students active learners. As the study suggests it is possible for the teachers to use it as a strategy in the classroom and they should give the concern to see the practical issues that can arise with the learning and teaching process. Anyhow this study has given an outline with evidence about the areas that the teachers can use games for better language learning especially for kids in their second language classroom.

Published by: Sandamali K.P.SResearch Area: Language

Organisation: Eastern University, Chenkalady, Sri LankaKeywords: Games, Second language learning, Evidence, Strategy


112. Analysis of HHO (Hydroxyl) gas using LabVIEW

Many people all over the world have home-built working devices that create HHO gas using very little power. The terms "Brown Gas" and "HHO" are used in this article as synonymous, although there is some minor technical debate as to the ratios of monatomic and diatomic gas within each, and "HHO" was once a trade name for Brown's Gas (it has now become a generic term like "Kleenex", as is written here for this purpose). The hydroxyl gas (HHO) was generated by the electrolysis process of different electrolytes with various electrode designs in a leak-proof Plexiglas reactor (hydrogen generator). Hydroxyl gas was used as a supplementary fuel in a four-cylinder, four strokes, and compression ignition (CI) engine without any modification and without the need for storage tanks. At mid and higher engine speeds; the HHO system with diesel fuel yields higher engine torque output compared to pure diesel engine operation unless HECU is added to the system. The main objective of this project is to acquire pure HHO gas for various applications example: for Vehicles. Majority of these works as reviewed focused more on the effective production of the HHO gas through Electrolysis technique. This Project work focuses on the Generation and analyzes of the HHO gas is produced that can be used for many applications.

Published by: P. S. Ajeeth Balaji, K. Pooventhan, S. MathumithaResearch Area: LabVIEW

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Gas sensor, Flashback arrestor, HHO cell, LabVIEW

Research Paper

113. Digital touchpoints and consumer decision journey with reference to two-wheelers

Digitization has brought about a sense of urgency in a majority of companies to adapt to the emerging digital platforms and devices. As consumers take the drivers’ seat, they are offered a multitude of choices and information is targeted at them from proliferating online sources. This empowerment of consumers has left businesses to wonder about the volatility of the consumers’ preferences. With this rapid change comes the need for studying touch points most used by consumers at each stage of the purchasing journey. Understanding which online platform consumers visit at pre-purchase, purchase and post-purchase stages is of utmost importance. This study reports the findings of a survey conducted on a sample of 181 respondents over a period of two months, April and May 2018 to understand why consumers own two-wheelers, the digital platforms they frequent at each stage and the online activities that consumers generally indulge in. Further, an analysis is done to understand the different types of digital consumers for two-wheelers based on their interactions with online platforms. The study identifies the need to understand the deeper variables that consumers are looking to purchase a two-wheeler. This led to the analysis of content in the pre-purchase stage to get insights. It is observed that blogs rank the highest at pre-purchase and so data is sourced from the customer and expert reviews for a period of three months, March, April and May 2018. The most mentioned two-wheeler blogs are analyzed through qualitative methods to understand the numerous variables that customers look for in two-wheelers. Thus, the study sheds light on the different touch points consumers visit through the journey, the types of consumers who indulge in online activities and the variables that contribute to their satisfaction in the buying of a two-wheeler.

Published by: Nandhita Balaji, Dr. U. Suma RaoResearch Area: Consumer Behaviour

Organisation: Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Anantapur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Consumer decision journey, Digitization, Digital behaviour, Digital platforms, Touchpoints

Research Paper

114. Value congruence: A fit between personal and organizational values

Research on value congruence primarily focuses on the assumption that values symbolize desirable behaviors and ideals that employees and organizations attempt to achieve. Person-organization fit generally is labeled as a degree of compatibility between person’s values and organizations values, which acts as a primitive factor in any organizations success. Organizations should achieve person-organization fit if there exists a value congruence between the personal values of the employees to that of the organizational values. This study examined the impact of value congruence as a key driver in achieving person-organization fit and its implications on job satisfaction and stress. The study was conducted on a sample of 258 employees working in a public sector steel manufacturing industry. This research incorporated a factor analysis method to analyze the data and conclusions were drawn further

Published by: Palla Sai Swetha, Dr. G. PadmavathyResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Anantapur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Value congruence, Person-organization Fit, Job satisfaction

Research Paper

115. Work life balance and job satisfaction: A study from private banks of Nepal

Work and life are two inseparable yet conflicting spheres of an individual’s life. Work Life Balance is a healthy integration between an individual’s personal life priorities, family demands, and career goals. Organizational support is needed to help employees to balance their work life responsibilities. Work life balance and job satisfaction are closely related. The study is done on a sample of 75 employees currently working in different branches of private banks of Rupandehi district of Nepal. Kano model is used to track the variables that have highest impact on job satisfaction. Findings show that career growth opportunities and organizational initiatives for WLB are “Excitement Features” of job satisfaction. This study identified the organizational related variables, which are more important to enhance the job satisfaction of employees. The study empirically proves that organizational support to promote WLB enhances job satisfaction of employees.

Published by: Anita Acharya, Dr. G. PadmavathyResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Anantapur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Work life balance, Job satisfaction, Kano Model, Organizational support

Research Paper

116. Post-Soviet transition in Mongolia

Through its modern history, Mongolia has lost and restored its statehood several times. In 1924, after twelve years of independence from Manchu rule Mongolia became virtually a Soviet satellite state. Mongolia remained under communism for seventy years and it was after the disintegration of former USSR that Mongolia became really independent. Mongolia’s political opening, occurred when Mongolians overturned the ruling dictatorial regime during the 1990 strikes and demonstrations. An active young generation which promoted these reforms helped to set in motion this shift in society. These actions formed the basis for the social preconditions that moved Mongolia towards democracy. The case study of Mongolia confirms the importance of the economic, political and social historical preconditions because without the external factor of the Soviet Union, Mongolia may not have been pushed towards democracy. This political opening was crafted very carefully by leaders who did not want to foster dramatic state repression. Mongolia's Communist Party introduced Political pluralism but unlike its counterparts in those countries, the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) has retained powers since 1990 despite allowing electoral competition and political freedom. It has introduced significant economic reforms which have begun to produce positive growth. When the Soviet bloc disintegrated and cut off its aid to poorer socialist countries, Mongolia experienced the most serious peace time economic collapse any nation has faced during this century. Yet Mongolia’s political road has proved remarkably smooth compared to most of the former Soviet republics. There has been no violent attempt to overthrow the government, although the opposition has been active and vocal. Political conflict has by and large been resolved through negotiation and compromise. This article traces socio-economic and political transition in Mongolia’ since the establishment of multiparty democracy in 1990.

Published by: Dr. Suraya Amin BasuResearch Area: Mongolia

Organisation: University of Kashmir, Srinagar, Jammu and KashmirKeywords: The Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP), Socialist, Multiparty democracy, Post-communist world, independent foreign policy, Nuclear-weapon-free zone, GDP

Survey Report

117. A study on customer perception towards health insurance in Ranny Thaluk

A study on customer perception towards health insurance in Ranny Thaluk was aimed to access the awareness level and source of awareness about health insurance, to identify the factors influence customers in the selection of health insurance and selection of particular health insurance company, to find out the level of satisfaction of customers. 50 respondents have been selected following convenient sampling method. Questionnaires were used as data collecting instrument. Data were analyzed using tabulation, percentage, ranking, and likert scale. Anova test was used for testing the hypothesis. Recommendations from the study were to making necessary arrangements for all hospitals to accept health insurance cards, all diseases should be cover under health insurance policies etc.

Published by: Anjali JacobResearch Area: Insurance

Organisation: St. Thomas College, Ranni, KeralaKeywords: Health Insurance, Customer Satisfaction, Health Insurance Policy

Review Paper

118. The impact of reading on the human psyche

There are few facts about the impacts of reading on psychological behavior. They suggest that there are specific ways in which a reader’s views and perspectives are broadened. Fiction being the social experience for all, allows us to roam the expanse of space, time, history and offer a deeper view of ideas, concepts, emotions and body of knowledge. Living inside the life of a protagonist, you come across experiences that strengthen you and create from within, a sense of attachment towards others in real life, thus forming a significant amount of empathy in the human psyche. The results hereby show that the openness to experience and creativity make up our basic disposition and being high on this quality as the term implies can make you intellectually curious and flexible to promote acceptance and grieve. The conclusion is that, contrary to the common belief, reading does shape the human psyche in a positive way.

Published by: Khushboo GoyalResearch Area: Literature And Psychology

Organisation: VIT Bhopal University, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Impact, Psychology, Perspective, Protagonist, Beliefs

Research Paper

119. Profiling motorbike owners on the basis of their perception

In an environment where people are constantly looking for and finding smarter and more efficient ways to address their needs, understanding the customer; both existing and potential is of prime importance for a marketer. When it comes to marketing products that have a high involvement for the customers, like a motorbike, this understanding becomes even more crucial. There are several ways of classifying the unique needs people, profiling being a commonly used way. In this study, a very unconventional mode of profiling customers based on their own perception about the kind of relationship they share with their motorbike is used. A mixed methodology research approach is used in this study. The primary data is collected through a questionnaire, and semi-structured interviews, which were formulated after an extensive study of the existing literature. The survey sample size is 100 respondents who own a motorbike. The 14 motorbike owners who participated in the interview are a different sample from the survey sample. The primary data from the questionnaire is analyzed using the factor analysis, cluster analysis, discriminant analysis, and the KANO model. The semi-structured interviews were analyzed using the cluster analysis. The profiles or segments made in this study are based entirely on the findings and the analysis of primary data.

Published by: Ashwini Pradhan, Dr. U. Suma RaoResearch Area: Consumer Behaviour

Organisation: Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Anantapur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Consumer Behaviour, Motorbike Owners, Perception, Profiling, Product Attributes