Volume 3, Issue 3

Volume 3, Issue 3


Research Paper

1. Financial Analysis and Performance of Indian Oil Corporation Ltd

Indian Oil Corporation limited owns and operates a network of crude oil and petroleum product pipeline in India. The company is mainly controlled by the Government of India which owns approx. 79% shares in the company. It has two divisions: Refineries Division and Marketing division. The main objective of this analysis is to determine the firm’s liquidity, solvency and financial position of the firm by using the tools like ratio analysis and common size balance sheet. Various ratios like current ratio, liquid ratio, absolute liquid ratio, turnover ratios have been used to measure the financial performance of the company. The data used in this analysis were collected from various magazines, audited reports and from websites. For better understanding of the analysis, the findings are interpreted in tables, charts and diagrams. As the shareholders invest in a company by knowing its financial performance, this analysis will be greatly helpful. This analysis also helps to make correct financial decisions, planning more efficiently and economically. This analysis consists of findings and interpretations to assists the company to improve its performance.

Published by: S. Ramya, N. Pooja priya dharshini, R. Pavithra ChandranResearch Area: Finance

Organisation: PSGR Krishanammal College for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Ratios, Pertinent iInformation, Current Ratio, Acid Test Ratio, Common Sixe Financial Statement.

Research Paper

2. A Descriptive Study on the Doctrine of Lifting of Corporate Veil

From the juristic point of view, a company is a legal person distinct from its members [Salomon v. Salomon and Co. Ltd. (1897) A.C 22]. This principle may be referred to as the ‘Veil of incorporation’. The courts in general consider themselves bound by this principle. The effect of this Principle is that there is a fictional veil between the company and its members. That is, the company has a corporate personality which is distinct from its members. But, in a number of circumstances, the Court will pierce the corporate veil or will ignore the corporate veil to reach the person behind the veil or to reveal the true form and character of the concerned company. The rationale behind this is probably that the law will not allow the corporate form to be misused or abused. In those circumstances in which the Court feels that the corporate form is being misused it will rip through the corporate veil and expose its true character and nature disregarding the Salomon principal as laid down by the House of Lords. Broadly there are two types of provisions for the lifting of the Corporate Veil- Judicial Provisions and Statutory Provisions. Judicial Provisions include Fraud, Character of Company, Protection of revenue, Single Economic Entity etc. while Statutory Provisions include Reduction in membership, Misdescription of name, fraudulent conduct of business, Failure to refund application money, etc. This article at first introduces to the readers the concept of “Veil of incorporation", then it explains the meaning of the term-‘Lifting Of The Corporate Veil’, it then points out the Judicial as well as the Statutory provisions for Lifting of The Corporate Veil with the help of various case-laws.

Published by: R. Judith Priya, S. Susmitha, Subhicksha, B. ThenmozhiResearch Area: Law

Organisation: PSGR Krishnammal College for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Veil of Incorporation, Judicial Provisions, Statutory Provisions.

Research Paper

3. One-Person Company a New Business Opportunity in New Companies Act: A Panorama

Now, in India, an individual can establish and run a company, called “One Person Company (OPC)” which has been introduced with the enactment of the Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014 under the Companies Act, 2013. As a unique inclusion of new vista of business opportunity in new companies act for enjoying the advantages of separate legal entity and limited liability, it draws a good understanding the nuances of setting up, management and administration of OPC. OPC is a hybrid of sole proprietorship business and corporate business and is imperative as it would give the entrepreneurial capabilities of people an expeditious participation in economic activities in the form of companies. In spite of huge benefits available to OPC, it also suffers from some drawbacks. On selection an appropriate form of business entrepreneurship to be promoted in near future, the start-up entrepreneurs should make a comparative study about the different forms of entrepreneurships including the new business idea OPC. OPC being in the evolving stage, there would always be scope for further improvement. Keeping in mind these points of views both theoretical and practical knowledge, the present article is an attempt to discuss a few aspects of OPC in nut shell and designed with some core contents in the form of introduction, meaning and definition, salient features, benefits, drawbacks, a comparative study, basic steps for incorporation, development and ended with some concluding remarks. [Key Words: vista of business opportunity, entrepreneurial capabilities, expeditious participation, start-up entrepreneurs].

Published by: Prasanta Kumar DeyResearch Area: Business

Organisation: Sir Gurudas Mahavidyalaya, Kolkata, West BengalKeywords: New Business Opportunity, New Companies Act, Panorama.

Research Paper

4. Performance Test on Single Cylinder Four Stroke Compression Ignition Engine by Varying Nozzle Diameters at Various Pressures

Performance Test on Single Cylinder Four Stroke Compression Ignition Engine by Varying Nozzle Diameters at Various Pressures Parameswara rao Goddeti1, Dr. Mahesh Mallampati2 Dr. Ariga.RamaRao3 1M.Tech Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Guntur Engineering College, Guntur, AP 2Professor& HOD, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Guntur Engineering College, Guntur, AP 3Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Guntur Engineering College, Guntur, AP 1 [email protected] 2 [email protected] 3 [email protected] ABSTRACT The engine ratings usually indicate the highest power at which manufacturer expect their products to give satisfactory of power, economy, reliability and durability under service conditions. Maximum torque and the speed at which it is achieved. The performance and emission characteristics of diesel engines depends on various factors like fuel quantity injected, fuel injection timing, fuel injection pressure, shape of combustion chamber, position and size of injection nozzle hole, fuel spray pattern, air swirl etc. In the present investigation, the experiment conducted by varying nozzle flow area (i.e. the number of nozzle holes × nozzle hole diameter) and fuel injection pressure at different loads. For these two kinds of nozzles (with nozzle flow areas of 3 × 0.28 mm, and 4 × 0.24 mm respectively) are selected. In the present work Diesel fuel has to investigate in a constant speed, CI diesel engine with variable fuel injection pressures (170, 180) and by varying nozzle holes. The main objective of this project is to investigate the effect of injection pressures and the nozzle holes on performance of the engine by using diesel on a single cylinder four stroke CI Diesel engine. In the present investigation two kinds of nozzles (with nozzle flow areas of 3 × 0.28 mm, and 4 × 0.24 mm respectively) are selected and fuel injection pressures (170, 180) are varying. Keywords: Brake Power (B.P), Frictional Power (FP), Indicated Power (I.P) Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (B.S.F.C), Total Fuel Consumption (T.F.C), Volumetric efficiency (ηvol), Brake thermal efficiency (ηbth), Indicated thermal efficiency (ηith ), Mechanical efficiency (ηmech).

Published by: Parameswara Rao Goddeti, Dr. Mahesh Mallampati, Dr. Ariga. RamaRaoResearch Area: Mechanical Engineering (Thermal)

Organisation: Guntur Engineering College, Anamadala, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Brake Power (B.P), Frictional Power (FP), Indicated Power (I.P) Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (B.S.F.C), Total Fuel Consumption (T.F.C), Volumetric Efficiency (ηvol), Brake Thermal Efficiency (ηbth), Indicated Thermal Efficiency (ηith ), Mechanical Efficiency (ηmech).

Case Study

5. A Descriptive Study on Doctrine of Indoor Management

In the famous case of Royal British Bank V. Turquand, the court set forth a proposition of law that later came to be called the Doctrine of Indoor Management. The doctrine states that if a person in good faith deals with the board of directors or any other representative body if a company which is in fact exercising the power of management and direction of its business affairs. The failure to fulfil the conditions which are required by the company’s memorandum or articles to be fulfilled before the act or transaction is affected. This rule is an exception to the rule of Constructive notice. This rule has been in place of two reasons, Firstly, to limit the burden of inquiry placed on the shoulders of the third party entering into a transaction with the company and, secondly, the third party may not have the means to ascertain whether the inner formalities of the company are carried out properly or not properly. Thus the application of the Turquand rule, or the doctrine of indoor management, is restricted to people unaware of any irregularity in the authority of the agent with whom they are contracting.

Published by: R. Judith Priya, Subhicksha. K, Thenmozhi. B, Susmitha. SResearch Area: Company Law

Organisation: PSGR Krishanammal College for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Indoor Management, Turquand Rule, Doctrine.

Case Study

6. An Attainment Tool for Measuring Course Outcomes and Program Outcomes

The key aspects in Outcome-Based Education (OBE) is the assessment of course outcomes. At the initial stage of OBE implementation, the Course Outcomes (CO's) for each course are defined based on the Programme Outcome (PO's) and other requirements. At the end of each course, the COs needs to be assessed and evaluated, to check whether it has been attained or not. This paper describes the background of the method used to assess the attainment of the COs and the results produced for the Computer Networking (CNE-17429) course in diploma engineering. This assessment was conducted for Computer Science & Engineering program for second year diploma with strength of 57 students. The method uses data that has been obtained from student's marks in final theory and practical exams. A computerized system using spreadsheet has been developed based on this method to expedite the analysis process. The findings are then used for continuous quality improvement.

Published by: Sandesh S Dandin, Rohan Jinde, Naresh KambleResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Sanjay Ghodawat Polytechnic, Atigre-Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: NBA, OBE, DA, IA, EA, CO, PO, CNE.

Review Article

7. Automated Control of Irrigation in Agriculture Using IOT and Wireless Sensor Networks

In the real world, farmers are facing the problem of monitoring their farms, at the same time. This project proposes a technology based on IoT, which reduces human intervention to ensure proper irrigation. It uses Pic16F877A as the microcontroller. This can be achieved by victimization associate degree op-amp as the comparator that acts as the interface between the sensing arrangement and therefore the microcontroller. Once the controller receives this signal, it generates associate degree output that drives a relay for in operation the pump and a liquid crystal display is additionally interfaced to the microcontroller to display data of the soil and pump. The Connections are interfaced to the control unit. This system monitor temperature, moisture, rain and according to the readings of the sensors and switches on the motor to give water to the farms. Here all the data are been hosted on the server and used to monitor the farms continuously. By using this concept, the development time gets reduced and save more time for monitoring the farms. Using this system the motor can switch on or off wherever in the world using the concept of IoT (Internet of Things).

Published by: Swathi. N S, Dr. K. DeebaResearch Area: Internet of Things

Organisation: Hindusthan College of Engineering and Technology Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: IOT, Wireless Sensor Network, PIC, GSM, WIFI and Automatic Irrigation

Research Paper

8. Smart Bin: A Swach Bharat Approach using NodeMcu

We often see that the garbage bins placed at public places overflows, creating unhygienic conditions. Most of the people are reluctant to dump the waste properly in the waste bins. Due to this the waste pile up near the waste bin and also produces bad smell. Improper waste management leads to environment pollution. This paper proposes a smart waste management system that alerts the municipal authorities my displaying a flash message on their website. The ultrasonic sensor attached to the bin will check the status of the bin i.e., whether the bin is full or not. The user has the provision to register on the website by using his/her mobile number. Once registered, he/she can enter that number on the keypad provided on smartbin to gain reward points for each waste deposit. Maximum reward points that can be collected per day is limited to 10.

Published by: Navia Davis, Margrat C R, Maneesha Martin, Livya GeorgeResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Sahrdaya College of Engineering and Technology, Kodakara, KeralaKeywords: NodeMcu, Ultrasonic Sensor, Motion Sensor

Research Paper

9. Consumer Rights in E-Commerce

In a business system, consumers are the most critical elements. A business is not review in separation but is always considered in a combination with the consumers of its good and services. it is a matter of great shame that their consumer rights are not protected due to non-availability of effective and stringent laws and the ineffectual redressal mechanisms, specially in e-commerce or online transactions. E-commerce consumers should be no less protected when shopping on-line than when they buy from their local store or order from a catalogue. The number of electronic commerce (e-commerce) transactions has grown extraordinarily with widespread Internet usage. Recently, the privacy protection for consumer transactions has become more and more important in e-commerce. E-commerce is widely used to describe shopping on the Internet. It has been rapidly developing in accordance with the development of information technology and network technology. However, most of these laws and regulations have only been made for the protection of general consumer rights without specific provisions of the consumer rights protection in e-commerce.

Published by: Namrata Singh, Dr. Nilanjan MukherjiResearch Area: E-Commerce

Organisation: Rama University, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Consumer Rights, Consumer Protection, Online Transactions, E-Commerce.

Research Paper

10. A Study on Silver Nano Particle Production from Aristolochia Bracteata and Its Antimicrobial Activity

Nanotechnology is the study of extremely small structures. The prefix “nano” is a Greek word which means “dwarf”.  The word “nano” means very small or miniature size. Nanotechnology encompasses the production and application of physical, chemical, and biological systems at scales ranging from individual atoms or molecules to submicron dimensions. Nanotechnology applications that could impact the global market in agricultural, pharmaceutical, and other non-fuel commodities are being developed Currently, nanotechnology is described as a revolutionary discipline in terms of its possible impact on industrial applications. Even today various disease like cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease, as well as complex illnesses pose a major problem for mankind.Nanotechnology can deliver medicine or drugs into specific parts of the human body, thereby making them more effective and less harmful to other parts of the body.Once the nanoshells enter into tumor cells and radiation treatment is applied, they absorb the energy and heat up enough to kill the cancer cells. To synthesize silver nanoparticles using medicinal plants in and around Vellore district, Tamilnadu. The screening on the leaf extract of the selected medicinal plant to evaluate the optimal synthesis of silver nanoparticles revealed that leaves extract of the plant Aristolochia bracteata was found to be an effective reducing agent of Ag ions to produce silver nanoparticles of nanosized.The aqueous leaf extracts were employed as reducing agents for the development of silver nanoparticles from silver nitrate solutionThe aim of the present study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of synthesized silver nanoparticles from Aristalochia bracteata leaf extract. Three Bacterial pathogens Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi were used for the experimental study was found that the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of silver nanoparticles from Aristalochia bracteata aqueous extract was 25µg in the six bacterial strains.

Published by: M. B. Usha, Dr. J. Thirumagal, R. MahegeswariResearch Area: Life Science

Organisation: K. M. G College of Arts & Science, Vellore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Silver Nanoparticles, Aristolochia Bracteata Bacillus Subtilis Staphylococcus Aureus Salmonella Typhi.

Research Paper

11. A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Health Educational Package on Knowledge Regarding Prevention of Worm Infestation among School Going Children Studying at Selected Schools of Punjab

Worm infestation is one of the silent diseases which is prevalent in developing countries especially India. Worm infestation are more prevalent among school children. It can result in impaired nutrition and poor development of children. Knowledge of the worm infestation can assist in early detection of the diseases and reduce the incidence of complications.The present study was carried out to assess the effectiveness of health educational package on knowledge regarding prevention of worm infestation among school going children studying at selected schools of Punjab.A pre-experimental study with one group-pretest and posttest design by using simple random sampling. 250 school going children were selected. Health educational program was used to establish the pre-test knowledge score and health educational program was administered for selected school going children and post-test was conducted to establish the effectiveness of health educational package on knowledge regarding prevention of worm infestation .It is evident from the result that pre-test knowledge mean score was found to be 11.54 as compared to the post test mean score of 16.41. Further the enhancement of mean score was found to be 4.87. However, the statistical paired t-test indicate the enhancement of knowledge was found to be highly significant (t= 12.88, p< 0.05) revealing the effectiveness of health educational package on knowledge regarding prevention of worm infestation.It is concluded that health educational program showed highly significant effect on knowledge regarding prevention of worm infestation.

Published by: Saroj Rana, Jeen Mexina Settipalle, Amiteshwar KaurResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: Saraswati Nursing Institute Dhianpura, Rupnagar, PunjabKeywords: School Going Children, Prevention of Worm Infestation.

Research Paper

12. Effortless Haptic Wheelchair using Double Compliance

This paper presents a smart wheel chair with the double compliance for the convenience of the differently abled persons. The movement of the proposed smart wheelchair is controlled by voice commands as well as joystick. Joystick specifies the direction and accordingly Arduino will navigate the motors. The voice command is recognized using bluetooth module , connected with Arduino. The wheelchair would operate on real analogous voice signal of patient or user who adopts the wheelchair.

Published by: Amrendra Kumar, Deepak Singh, Dushyant Sharma, Sharad MishraResearch Area: Medical

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Disable, Wheelchair, Microcontroller (Arduino), Microchip and Bluetooth Module.

Research Paper

13. Characterization and Partial Purification of Bioactive Compounds Produced from Marine Microbes

Marine water samples were collected from a coastal region of Pushpavanam, Nagapattinam District, Tamil Nadu, India. The Physico – Chemical parameters such as Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Calcium, Magnesium, Manganese, Zinc , Copper, Iron, Organic carbon were analyzed using standard methods. Marine samples were subjected to serial dilution and the organisms was counted by measuring plate counting techniques. The isolated marine organisms were grown in suitable medium. In this study, Marine organisms were Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Bacillus subtilis , Proteus vulgaris, Aspergillus niger, Trichoderma, Streptomyces and Nocardia were identified by cultural, morphological and biochemical characteristics. The identify marine organisms were maintained with suitable broth medium. The molecular weight of the bioactive protein was determined by SDS – PAGE and the bioactive protein produced by marine species was purified using HPLC method. In this study, antibacterial activity was studied using test pathogens were obtained from PG and Research Department of Microbiology , STET Women's College , Mannargudi. The maximum antibacterial and antifungal protein activity was noted in Bacteria, Bacillus subtilis ( 21.5mm) against Escherichia coli, for fungi, Aspergillus niger ( 18mm) against Fusarium. For Actinomycetes, Streptomyces ( 16mm) against Bacillus subtilis. The minimum antibacterial and antifungal protein activity was recorded in Bacteria, Pseudomonas fluorescens ( 12 mm) against Enterobacter aerogenes, for fungi, Trichoderma ( 12 mm) against Penicillium, for Actinomycetes, Nocardia ( 10 mm) against Escherichia coli. Finally, concluded that the isolated marine species such as , Pseudomonas fluorescens, Bacillus subtilis, Aspergillus niger , Trichoderma , Streptomyces and Nocardia were highly recommended to be potential resources of natural antibiotic compounds.

Published by: N.T. Eshwari, M. KannahiResearch Area: Environmental Science

Organisation: Sengamala Thayaar Educational Trust Women's College, Mannargudi, Tamil NaduKeywords: Antibacterial Activity, Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate – Poly Acrylamide Gel Electrophoresis, High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Antibiotic Compounds.

Research Paper

14. Dual Cloud Secure Keyword Search Scheme with Public Key Encryption

Dual cloud database to realize convenient and low-cost applications and services. In order of services to provide sufficient functionality for SQL queries, many secure database schemes have been proposed. However, such schemes are vulnerable to privacy leakage to a cloud server. The main reason is that database is hosted and processed the cloud server, which is beyond the control of data owners. For the numerical range query (“>”, “<”, etc.), those schemes cannot provide sufficient privacy protection against practical challenges, e.g., privacy leakage of statistical properties, access pattern. Increased the number of queries will inevitably leak more information to the cloud server. dual cloud architecture for protecting the database, with a series of intersection protocols, are provided security preservation to various numeric related range queries. The secure analysis shows privacy of numerical information can strongly protect against dual cloud providers in our projects. Applying the proxy signature technique to manage the group leader can effectively grant the permission of group management to one or more chosen group members can analysis easy located from the different resource. Proxy server encryption techniques most computational operation delegated to Cloud Servers without disclosing the private information. Extensive security and performance analysis are shows that our proposed scheme is highly efficient and satisfies the could later retrieve. Security requirements for public cloud secure sharing the data. Efficient and resilient against loss malicious data modification attack and even server attacks.

Published by: Baranidharan. U, Naveen Kumar. A, Nagaraj. G, Paulinkumar. M, S. D. RajkumarResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: The Kavery Engineering College, M. Kalipatti, Tamil NaduKeywords: Database, Range Query, Privacy Preserving, Cloud Computing

Research Paper

15. Border Security System

Cross border terrorism is the central problem our country is facing right now,due to which many disturbances are taking place at the border region. We have no doubt that our country real heroes ours soldiers are immensely active at border 24*7 to stop infiltration and avoiding terrorist from entering our land. Ours soldiers don’t even hesitate to give supreme sacrifice for the nation.But due to to place soldier at those extreme points, so we can implement Border security system which is based on IR sensors, which make possible to safegaurd extreme border areas

Published by: Gaurav Singh, Rishabh Singh, Rishabh ShuklaResearch Area: Electronics and Communication

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: IR sensor, Microcontroller, Lasergun, Motor driver, DC motor.

Research Paper

16. Employer-Sponsored Childcare Program: A New Fringe Benefit

Nowadays employers are in search of new fringe benefits, they can provide to their employees. In March 2017, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had assent some amendments in Maternity Benefit Act. He had not only revised paid maternity leaves from 12 weeks to 26 weeks but also made it mandate for companies having more than 50 employees should have their own childcare centers inside the campus or near-site. The employer-sponsored daycare facility is the new fringe benefit provided by organizations to their employees. The purpose of my study is to study the issues parents are facing in childcare. The focus of my work is to find out the impact of employer-sponsored childcare facility on employees and employer. Also, I have studied few organizational cases in this paper. My research work is based on secondary data. Very little research work is available on this topic. So I got very less literature to review. After reading few articles, research papers and reports, I came to the conclusion that every parent of small kids is facing issues in childcare. Many organizations which are providing this facility have experienced growth in productivity and employees who are availing this facility have improved their performance.

Published by: Shilpa GaidhaniResearch Area: Human Resource Management

Organisation: Balaji Institute of Modern Management, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Employer-Sponsored Childcare, On-site Daycare, Fringe Benefits

Research Paper

17. Device for Monitoring Pyrexia in Special Children and Tracking using a Two Way Communication GPS System

Child trafficking represents the major threat in today's world. It has increased the nation's consciousness to this problem. The proposed device is composed of a GPS tracker, Temperature sensor and a Force sensor (biometric sensors). The GPS tracker is powered by the thermoelectric generator (heat generated from within the body). The device is miniaturized using Nano technology and implanted in the teeth of the child. The proposed device communicates by a communication link to a Global Positioning System to obtain geographic location information relating to the physical location of a child. When the temperature readings from the sensor goes beyond the normal range an alert message will be sent to the parent’s/guardian mobile number, in this case it can be used to examine whether a special kid has a fever or not because he/she may not be able to properly communicate about their well-being. The device is programmed based on the fact that during flight conditions our body temperature varies abnormally. So, when someone forcefully tries to abduct the child the temperature readings on the temperature sensor goes abnormal which in turn activates the GPS tracker or when the child wants to intimate its location to their parent’s/guardian by exerting pressure on the force sensor which in turn sends the geographical location. If the parents have a bad feeling/intuition they can simple make a call to the inscribed number and they can get the geographical location of the child.

Published by: Lavanya. R, Bheeminidi Sai Tejaswi, Priyadharshini. K. V, T. KalaichelviResearch Area: Electronics and Communication Engineering

Organisation: Panimalar Institute of Technology, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: GPS Tracker, Nano Technology,Biometric Sensors

Research Paper

18. Automatic Engine Locking System for Drunken and Drivers

To safe the life of people from drunken and Drivers. Today lots of accidents are occurred due to drunken and Drivers.

Published by: Aniket Kumar Verma, Nishant Kumar Singh, Sarvajeet Pandey, Rajpratap Singh, V.K. AgarwalResearch Area: Sensors

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Drunken and Drivers, Alcohol Sensor, Engine Locking, Aurdino, Buzzer, etc.

Research Paper

19. Analysis and Performance Evaluation of Nano-Scale Semiconductor Devices

The current work in this paper deals with the analysis and comparison of single gate silicon on insulator (SG-SOI) MOSFET and double gate silicon on insulator (DG-SOI) MOSFET. Both the devices have 20nm Fin width and channel length of 50nm. The quantitative analysis of these nanoscale gate devices and comparison between their parameters such as Subthreshold Slope(SS), Threshold voltage(Vt), transconductance(gm), output conductance(gd). This resulted in reduction of short channel effects(SCE’s) in the double gate MOSFET. The simulation of both the devices is done using ATLAS Simulator is SILVACO TCAD.

Published by: Neeraj Jain, Rishabh Gupta, Akash Tomar, Himanshu GiriResearch Area: Electronics and Communication

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Silvaco Tcad , DG-SOI, SG-SOI

Case Study

20. QT Prolongation Associated with Multiple Drug-Drug Interactions

Many drugs are known to prolong QT interval which increases the risk of development of ventricular tachycardia and cardiac arrest. The majority of sudden cardiac deaths are caused by acute ventricular arrhythmia following repolarization disturbances. An important risk factor for repolarization disturbances is use of QT prolonging drugs. Drug interactions also play a clinically significant role in the development of QT prolongation substantially, in patients receiving multiple drugs that are prone to prolong QT interval. The present case study reports two consecutive QT prolongation events associated with drug-drug interactions in a patient during his hospital stay. A 63-years-old Asian male patient was being treated for his complaints of breathlessness, uneasiness, chest discomfort and palpitation (baseline QTc being 457 msec). During his treatment, he developed QT prolongation (QTc=494 msec) suspected to be the result of concomitant use of levofloxacin, ondansetron and ivabradine; QT prolongation reduced after discontinuation of the suspected drugs. In the same patient, during the later course of therapy, a concomitant use of amiodarone and fluconazole caused QT prolongation (QTc=536 msec) again. This complication is best approached with immediate discontinuation of interacting drugs and considering their alternatives. Knowledge enhancement regarding QT prolonging drug combinations and rapid ECG monitoring while using those combinations will help circumvent such adverse events.

Published by: Dr. Sanatkumar Nyamagoud, Dr. Chandrahas Jadhav, Khushboo UpadhyayResearch Area: Clinical Pharmacy

Organisation: Karnataka Lingayat Education Society's College of Pharmacy- Hubli, Hubballi, KarnatakaKeywords: QT Prolongation, Drug Interactions, Levofloxacin, Amiodarone, Fluconazole, Torsades de Pointes

Research Paper

21. Diasporic Trajectory and Broken Identities in Jhumpa Lahiri’s ‘Interpreter of Maladies’

Lahiri as a writer of uncommon elegance and poise and a wonderfully distinctive new voice, she chronicles dislocation and social unease in a fresh manner as did her predecessors like Bharati Mukherjee or Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni. She being the recepient of the coveted Pultizer award for her collection of short stories Interpreter of Maladies, is a voice of Indo-American origin. Though she lives in the U.S, her works are imbued with ethos of Indian culture and sensibility. She may be considered a writer of Indian diaspora, though her own idea of India is 'of the mind' only.

Published by: Ezhil Arasan M, Dr. Selvam AResearch Area: English Writing in English

Organisation: Athithiya Community College, Tenkasi, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu.Keywords: Dislocation, Social Unease, Indo-American, Culture, Indian Diaspora

Research Paper

22. Sentimental Analysis on Twitter Data using Python Script

Sentimental Analysis is a process of collecting and analyzing data based upon the person’s feelings, reviews and thoughts. Sentimental analysis often called opinion mining as it mines the important feature from people opinions. It helps analyze data into positive, negative or neutral sentiment. Using twitter API and python packages, sentiments are computed and result is depicted graphically.

Published by: Shallu Bashambu, Varunika Gupta, Neil TakruResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Maharaja Agrasen Institute of Technology, DelhiKeywords: Sentimental Analysis, Opinion Mining

Research Paper

23. Secure and Avoid Inter-User Collision for Medium Access Control

Remote system powerfully designates channel assets to enhance otherworldly effectiveness and, to keep away from impacts, has its clients coordinate with each other utilizing a medium access control (MAC)convention. Nonetheless, MAC accepts client consistence furthermore, can be inconvenient when a client gets out of hand. An assailant who traded off the system can dispatch additionally destroying black hole attack(BHA) assaults than a system untouchable by sending unreasonable reservation solicitations to squander data transfer capacity, by tuning in to the control messages and leading force effective sticking, by distorting data to control the system control, etc. We construct SecureMAC to guard against such insider dangers while holding the advantages of coordination between the helpful clients. Secure MAC is contained four parts: channelization to anticipate inordinate reservations, randomization to upset receptive focused on sticking, coordination to counter control-message mindful sticking and resolve over reserved also, under-held range, and power attribution to decide every hub's commitment to the got control. Our hypothetical examinations and execution assessments illustrate better execution over past methodologies, which either disregard security issues or surrender the advantage of participation when under assault by handicapping client coordination, (for example, the Nash balance of nonstop wideband transmission).

Published by: Ramya. P, Vijayakumari. V, Vijayanand. S, Anitha. S, Nathiya. G, Ponmozhi. CResearch Area: Networking

Organisation: The Kavery Engineering College, M. Kalipatti, Tamil NaduKeywords: Secure, Avoid, Medium Access Control.

Research Paper

24. Advanced IOT Based Home Automation

Traditionally electrical appliances in a home are controlled via switches that regulates the electricity to the devices. As the world gets more and more technologically advanced, we find new technology coming deeper and deeper into our personal lives even at home. Internet of Things (IoT) conceptualizes the idea of remotely conecting and monitoring real world objects (things) through the Internet. When it comes to our house, this concept can be aptly incorporated to make it smarter, safer and automated. This Advance IoT based home automation paper focuses on building a smart wireless home automation system, in which home appliances can be accessed using mobile app/website through internet connectivity. This system can sends alerts to the owner by using Internet in case of any trespass and raises an alarm optionally. Besides, the same can also be utilized for home automation by making use of the same set of sensors. The advantage obtained by preferring this system over the similar kinds of existing systems is that the alerts and the status sent by the Wi-Fi connected microcontroller managed system can be received by the user on his phone from any distance irrespective of whether his mobile phone is connected to the internet. Apart from these features, this system also allows to check the appliance history and has many more features like recursive mode in home appliance. The microcontroller used in the current prototype is the At-mega 2560 (Arduino Mega board) with an external Wi-Fi Card ESP8266 making use of which all the electrical appliances inside the home can be controlled and managed.

Published by: Shivam Parashar, Mohd Zaid, Niket Vohra, Sujeet KumarResearch Area: Internet of Things

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Internet of Things, Home Automation, Home Security System, Smart Home, Arduino.

Case Study

25. Recognition Guidance for Visually Impaired

Vision is one in all the foremost necessary senses. It helps individuals navigate our world. ordinarily, the blind individuals develop their different senses to be ready to feel its surroundings, however, in sure cases, this is often not enough. The senses may be disturbed by noise or diseases. For this reason, several artifacts to assist this cluster of individuals. Artifacts like white canes or guide dogs facilitate blind individuals to maneuver around. this text proposes the employment of a system that detects and acknowledges close obstacles, giving a hearable feedback to the user, avoiding a collision. may be a wireless system to create it comfy for the user. The system helps individuals with the handicap to maneuver in indoor or outside eventualities. The objective of the system is to find obstacles that white canes or guide dogs they'll not, increasing their detection vary. Vision is one in all the foremost necessary Senses. That helps individuals act in the $64000 world. Ordinarily visually impaired develop their different senses to feel their surroundings, however, in sure cases, this is often not enough. The senses may be disturbed by noise or sickness. For this reason, several artifacts are developed to assist this cluster of individuals. Artifacts like white dogs or guide dogs facilitate unsighted to maneuver around in their surroundings this text proposes the employment of a system that detects and acknowledges close obstacle, giving AN hearable warning so as to avoid a collision. The model is wireless with the aim to be comfy for the user. The system helps unsighted to maneuver around in indoor or outside environments. The objectives of the system are to find obstacles that guide dogs can't, increasing there very of detection.

Published by: N. Indira, R. Swathi, R. Swathi, W. AnushaResearch Area: Internet of Things

Organisation: Panimalar Engineering College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Obstacle Avoidance, Obstacle Detection, Collision Avoidance, Visually Impaired, Face Identification, Home Automation, MRP Detection, Voice Command Control, Raspberry Pi

Research Paper

26. Railway Track Crack Detection

Railways provide the cheapest and most convenient mode of passenger transport both for long distance and suburban traffic. Also, most of transport in India is being carried out by railway network. Still accidents are the major concern in terms of railway track crossing and unidentified crack in rail tracks in Indian railway. About 60% accidents are occurring at railway track crossing and due to crack in railway tracks resulting in loss of precious life and loss of economy. Therefore there is need to think about new technology which is robust, efficient and stable for both crack detection in railway track and object detection. This paper proposes faulty rail track detection and object detection system. This project discusses on a Railway track crack detection using image processing and is a dynamic approach which combines the use of GPS tracking system and WIFI module to send alert messages and geographical coordinate of location. A Raspberry Pi 3 is used to control and coordinate the activities of these devices. This project prevents train derailment by detecting crack in railway track using internet of things technology.

Published by: Rijoy Paul, Nima Varghese, Unni Menon, Shyam Krishna KResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Sahrdaya College of Engineering and Technology, Kodakara, KeralaKeywords: Raspberry Pi 3, Camera, Image Processing, Ultrasonic Sensors, Crack Detection

Review Article

27. Transdermal Drug Delivery: A Novel Approach for Intended Drug Action

From decades application of the medicaments topically has been rampant to attain a particular therapeutic response and Transdermal Drug Delivery System (TDDS) has been a boon for topical administration of therapeutic substances. These are self-contained, discrete dosage forms offering painless and desired pharmacokinetics. The drugs which are not suitable for administration through oral route due to various inefficiencies can be administered via transdermal route. These are the preparations that vary in sizes, containing the active ingredient to be applied on the unbroken skin to deliver the active pharmaceutical ingredient into the systemic circulation through diffusion process thus avoiding the first pass metabolism. The present review describes the Anatomy of skin, Components, Types, Merits, Demerits, and Evaluation of Transdermal Drug Delivery System.

Published by: Mangesh Pradeep Kulkarni, PB VandanaResearch Area: Pharmaceutics

Organisation: Gitam Institute of Pharmacy, Visakhapatnam, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Transdermal Drug Delivery, Skin Anatomy, Components, Evaluation.

Case Study

28. Character Recognition

The purpose of this research is to create a system that takes handwritten as well as printed English characters and numerals as input, process the character, train the k space nearest neighbor algorithm, recognize the pattern and modify the character to a beautified version of the input. This research is aimed at developing software, which will be helpful in recognizing characters of English language. This research is restricted to English characters and numerals only. It is also helpful in recognizing special characters. It can be further developed to recognize the characters of different languages. One of the primary means by which computers are endowed with humanlike abilities is through the use of Machine Learning. Machine Learning allows the system to be more efficient and accurate with successive iteration. Pattern recognition is perhaps the most common problem that can be solved using machine learning approach. The K space nearest neighbor algorithm is one of the most efficient machine learning algorithm that can be used for pattern recognition problem and works well with limited data for learning. The process followed consist of following steps: Image Input, Preprocessing, Segmentation, Feature Extraction and Classification. A kNN trained for classification is designed to take input samples and classify them into groups or clusters. These groups may be fuzzy, without clearly defined boundaries. This project concerns detecting printed and handwritten characters and wishes to improve upon previous character recognition systems. The developed system performed as per the expectations successfully identifying multiple characters in a single row and worked well with handwritten characters as test data even when no handwritten character data was provided in training set.

Published by: Aditya KarlekarResearch Area: Machine Learning

Organisation: Hitkarini College of Engineering and Technology, Jabalpur, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Pre-processing, Segmentation, Feature Extraction, Classification, K-space Nearest Neighbor Algorithm.

Review Article

29. Theft Detection using Internet of Things in Automated Toll Plaza

Time is the most precious thing in this world, automation of toll plaza could be one of the best possible ways to save it. Automated toll plaza system using Radio Frequency Identification emerges as a converging technology where time and efficiency are matters of priority in toll collection systems of present day. Whenever the vehicle moves through the toll gate on any road, it is indicated on the RFID reader that the vehicle has crossed the clearing. The reader reads the information available in the RFID tag attached to the vehicle. Based on this information the controller first checks the criminal database for any sorts of complaints filed on the particular vehicle. If the data in the criminal database matches with the vehicle ID obtained over RFID then both the gates of the toll booth will be locked and a message regarding the identification of the stolen vehicle would be sent to the nearby police station. If there is no complaint on the particular vehicle ID then the transaction takes place through a centralized database and the payment receipt of the successful transaction is intimated to the user’s mobile through Way to SMS. The need for manual toll based systems can be completely eradicated using this method. By implementing this system there would be a high possibility to reduce the number of vehicle thefts. Also this would help to curtail the thieves from escaping to other places with the stolen vehicle. It would greatly help the cops to catch the thieves as the area to look for them would be minimized.

Published by: Arvind. K, Balaji. U, Gokul. R, Nishanth. P, Arivalahan. RResearch Area: Embedded System

Organisation: Valliammai Engineering College, Kattankulathur, Tamil NaduKeywords: IoT, Stolen, Centralized Database, Raspberry-Pi, SQL, and Java Script.

Research Paper

30. An Android Application for Student, Parent College Interaction System

College Parent Interaction is a new concept which is very useful to both staff members and as well as parents and students. In this project staff has to update the timetable details, students details, syllabus, attendance percentage, and the events going to held will be updated in the database. Head of the department can view all the details uploaded by the staffs. Parents have to log in to their account using their student's register number and selecting the particular year. After successful login parents can view their student’s internal marks, semester marks, attendance details of that student, and the fees details of that student. Same as in students also, student have to log in to their account using register number after successful login students can see their own internal marks, semester marks, and the attendance details, timetable and syllabus also. Students have to send leave form using this application to their corresponding staff and staff have to send that to Head of the Department.

Published by: Angelin Prabha. P, Vijayanand. S, Nathiya. C, Sangeetha. A, Chithra. AResearch Area: Android

Organisation: The Kavery Engineering College, M. Kalipatti, Tamil Nadu Keywords: Android, Application, Attendance.

Review Article

31. Load Cell based Fuel Level Measurement using Arduino Uno Microcontroller

The increasing corruption in fuel filling process as well as the increasing vehicle theft has become a big deal to the society. Thus, this paper has proposed a product that serves beneficiary to both these issues. The corruption in fuel filling process is rectified through fuel level measurement using load cell. Though there are a numerous methods to measure the fuel level including those like mechanical float, optical sensors, ultrasonic etc., the accuracy in measurement is met by the use of load cell involving Arduino uno microcontroller. Here the precision in measurement is made even in milliliter of added fuel. The measured output is sent via the global system for mobile communication (GSM) technology to the user mobile, so that verifiable record can be created. Thus, a permanent record of filled fuel can be maintained. This would help the owners of transportation network companies to maintain individual record of their vehicles that are run by their paid drivers. Apart from the level measurement, vehicle theft is overcome by the Global positioning system (GPS) technology. The GPS system fitted to the vehicle would share the accurate location of the vehicle to the registered user. In case of theft the location of the filling station along with the measured fuel is sent to the registered network through the GSM technology. Thus the paper produces a complete design of the fuel cell that is implemented in a GPS and GSM enabled vehicle.

Published by: Aravind R, Arun Kumar E, Harisudhan R K, Karan Raj G, Udhayakumar GResearch Area: Embedded System

Organisation: Valliammai Engineering College, Kattankulathur, Tamil NaduKeywords: Load cell, GSM, GPS and PIC

Research Paper

32. Electronic Voting Machine with Facial Recognition and Fingerprint Sensors

In this project, an attempt has been made to the development of an authenticated electronic voting system using fingerprint and facial images. The two-fold authentication system improves the security of the voting process and reduces the chances of a corrupt election process. The facial recognition process utilizes the Local Binary Pattern Histogram and Support Vector Machine process to scan, store and recognize faces efficiently. The fingerprint recognition involves the capturing of multiple 2D images and High Sensitive Pixel Amplifier to improve the quality of those images to scan the fingerprint to provide the primary form of authentication. Visual Basic is used to develop a very easy to use User Interface that enables an easy voting process. A private server is used to store both the user data and the election results separately. This reduces the chances of external manipulation of the election results.

Published by: Jaison Isaac Prince P, Kishoritha K. R, Ganesh B, Gokulprashanth P, Dr. G. UdhayakumarResearch Area: Embedded System

Organisation: Valliammai Engineering College, Kattankulathur, Tamil NaduKeywords: Fingerprint, Local Binary Pattern Histogram, Support Vector Machine, High Sensitive Pixel Amplifier, Histogram of Oriented Gradients

Review Article

33. Smart Battery System Applied to a Hybrid Electric Vehicle

The use of green energy is becoming increasingly more important in today’s world. Therefore, electric vehicles are currently the best choice for the environment in terms of public and personal transportation. Because of its high energy and current density, lithium-ion batteries are widely used in electric vehicles. Unfortunately, lithium-ion batteries can be dangerous if they are not operated within their Safety Operation Area (SOA). Therefore, a battery management system (BMS) must be used in every lithium-ion battery, especially for those used in electric vehicles. In this work, the battery is evaluated by calculating the state of charge, state of life, charging and discharging control and by cell balancing algorithm. High precision estimation can maintain the battery cells working in a good situation and extend the service life of the battery pack, reducing the cost of use indirectly. This is meaningful for Li-ion battery’s industrial application.

Published by: Jenie Archana. J, Mathivadhana. R, Guruprasath. R, Dhanish. K, Madhusudhanan. GResearch Area: Electrical Engineering

Organisation: Valliammai Engineering College, Kanchipuram, Tamil NaduKeywords: Battery Management Systems, Hybrid Vehicles, Smart Battery, Microcontroller and State of Charge

Research Paper

34. Assessment of Consumers’ Perception for Services offered by Hotels in Delhi-NCR

The objective of the current study was to examine the perception of visitors regarding services offered by hotels in NCR area. 200 regular hotel visitors in Delhi NCR were approached and their respective perception regarding services was assessed by servqual scale using stratified convenient sampling method. Statistical tools like factor analysis, t-test and one way ANOVA were used to analyze data with the help of SPSS. Affluent male consumers with a higher level of income were found to be lesser satisfied with services offered by hotels. In a nutshell, it can be said that demographic variables like age, gender, income, education, and occupation brings significant variation in perception of hotel visitors for all the dimensions of service quality namely tangibility, assurance, empathy, responsiveness and reliability. It is apparent that visitors are not very much satisfied with the services offered by the hotels. So visitors may be left with great grievances with the quality of services offered and may be prompted not to visit that particular area. So it is advised to marketers to look into the matter and do a close introspection of services offered by them in order to improve service quality and provide a greater degree of customer satisfaction.

Published by: Dr. Krishan Kumar Paliwal, Dr. Ankur, Dr. Sandeep KumarResearch Area: Martketing

Organisation: Panipat Institute of Engineering and Technology, Panipat, HaryanaKeywords: Service Quality, Reliability, Empathy, Responsiveness, Hotels

Research Paper

35. Cloak Encryption in Apache

The tremendous growth of mobile devices has a pre-generated new form of security flaws. The manifest-based permission in Android devices is one of the hefty security threats among all.We propose cloak protocol based encryption. We use exterior apache server for generating CSPRN and also we make use of the session id which will be very helpful in tracking user sessions and it will be difficult for the hackers to crack the file. For multiple user registrations, we define a new way of two-dimensional graphical authentications using a one-time password with the session ID to keep track of users. With this, the user can securely transceiver messages.

Published by: V. Adithya , R. Ramya , D. Vignesh Kumar , M. Madava KrishnanResearch Area: Mobile Computing

Organisation: Sree Sakthi Engineering College, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Mobile Computing, Encryption, Authentication, CSPRN, Graphical Authentication, Transmission.

Research Paper

36. Conservation of Species and Fishery Subsidy: Relevance of the Global Initiative of SDG 14

Fishery Subsidies is detrimental to fishery stock because of unsustainable fishing. Fishery stock is depleting because of the human intervention. This may lead to massive harmful effects on mankind because of the booming of Jellyfish. Fishery Subsidies has been identified as the key factor for the depletion of species across the globe because of rising industrial fishing. There has been a great divide between developed and developing countries in terms of providing fishery subsidies over the last few decades it has far-reaching consequences on industrial and artisanal fishing. The objective of the study is to show that rising fishery subsidy has led to increasing the threatened species in both developing and the developed countries. The study runs OLS regression models to justify the objectives.

Published by: Anannya MohantyResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Amity University, Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Artisanal Fishing, Depletion of Species, Fishery Subsidy, Industrial Fishing, SDG-14, Sustainable Fishing.

Research Paper

37. Migration and Sustainable Development- Study of Delhi

India is praised for the diversity of cultures and tradition. In nowadays, India has been facing a terrible problem of extreme overpopulation which is mainly due to migration. But the areas most affected by this huge rise in population are the metro cities. The research focuses on the movement of individuals from one place to another for different reasons in an inescapable marvel (The Indian Express, 2015). Due to increased migration, Delhi has now a number of slums and unauthorized areas and creates too big a burden on infrastructure and services. Migration consists literacy rate, employment, job seekers and vehicles owned by migrants. The study focuses on these parameters and how these impact the annual growth rate of Delhi. Analyses show that there is a negative correlation between migration and sustainable development.

Published by: Akansha AggarwalResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Amity University, Noida, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Migration, Sustainable Development, Population.

Research Paper

38. Customers Perception for taking Life Insurance: A Critical Analysis of Life Insurance Sector in Nagpur

Human life is a most important asset and life insurance is the most important type of insurance which provides financial protection to a person and his family at the time of uncertain risks or damage. Life insurance provides both safety and protection to individuals and also encourages savings among people. The present study was selected with an objective to analyze the preferences of customers while life policy investment decision-making. Various reasons to take insurance policies have been discussed in the paper. The data for the study has been collected from both primary and secondary sources. The study area is limited to Nagpur District of Maharashtra. The paper concludes with that most of the respondents take insurance policies for 'Savings' and 'Wide risk coverage'.

Published by: Sandeep DeshmukhResearch Area: Life Insurance

Organisation: Ramabai Deshmukh Public School, Wardha, MaharashtraKeywords: Customers, Life Insurance Policies, Reasons to take Life Insurance

Case Study

39. Effect of Graded Motor Imagery on Upper Limb Function in Stroke Patients-A Case Study

Background and purpose-GMI is a dynamic state during which the representation of a specific motor action is internally reactivated within working memory without any overt motor output. The imagery of movement activates largely the same brain areas that are activated when movement is actually performed. Motor impairment after stroke is a major cause of permanent disability. Recovery of the upper extremity is crucial in order to perform activities of daily living but is often variable and incomplete. It is proven that prolonged passive movement therapy in stroke patients neither improves performance nor induces cortical plasticity. And an early initiation of active movement becomes difficult due to lack of motor performance. Graded motor imagery (GMI) can be used to bridge this gap between passive therapy and active therapy. The method-a descriptive case study was carried out on two patients screened from the community and selected through purposive sampling. They were given graded motor imagery (GMI) for 5 days a week for 4 weeks 60 minutes per session along with conventional therapy for 30 minutes. The outcome measures were Fugl Meyer assessment of sensorimotor function after stroke (FMA) and The Chedoke arm and hand activity inventory (CAHAI) which were administered to the patient before and after the intervention period of 4 weeks. Result-for FMA the one-tailed p-value is 0.0155 which is statistically significant at 95% confidence interval. For CAHAI the one-tailed p-value is 0.0155 which is statistically significant at 95% confidence interval. Discussion- GMI is known to stimulate the premotor area, supplementary motor area, cingulate area and parietal cortical area as well as basal ganglia and cerebellum by inducing cortical plasticity leading to improvement in motor function which goes in accordance with our result. Conclusion-upper extremity function shows significant improvement after graded motor imagery along with conventional therapy on FMA Scale and CAHAI scale.

Published by: Rutu Parikh, Dr. Sumitra Sakhawalkar, Dr. Sayli Paldhikar, Dr. Snehal GhodeyResearch Area: Physiotherapy

Organisation: Maeers Physiotherapy College, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Graded Motor Imagery(GMI), Stroke, Mirror Therapy(MT), Upper Limb Function.

Research Paper

40. Experimental Study on Concrete by Partial Replacement of River Sand with Sea Sand

The rapid growth in development of construction industry is leading to an increase in utilization of natural resources like river sand due to which there has been a much scarcity of availability for construction. This overuse should be balanced by introducing certain abundantly available other natural materials which can be replaced to the river sand. The sea sand seems to have certain similar properties and can be used as a constituent of concrete. This can reduce the river sand replenishment and decrease various ecological imbalances. The fast growth in industrialization has resulted in tons and tons of by-product or waste materials, which can be fly ash, crushed stone dust, silica fume, and granulated blast furnace slag, steel slag etc. The use of these by-products not only helps to utilize these waste materials but also enhances the properties of concrete in fresh and hydrated states. In the present work, a series of tests were carried out to make comparative studies of various mechanical properties of concrete mixes prepared by using Sea Sand. If some of the materials are found suitable in the concrete making, cost of construction can be cut down. So in the present study, an attempt has been made to assess the suitability of Sea sand in concrete making. Cubes and beams were cast and tested for compressive strength and flexural strength after 7 days and 28 days. The Sea sand is replaced in percentages of 0%, 20%, 30%, 40%.

Published by: Dr. K. Chandramouli, B. MaheshbabuResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: NRI Institute of Technology, Guntur, Andhra PradeshKeywords: River Sand, Sea Sand, Replacement

Research Paper

41. Power Generation by Hybrid VAWT System for Highway Applications

The rapid growth of renewable energy generation is increasing to meet the demand of electricity. In this paper, the generation of electricity is achieved by using vertical axis wind turbine using the force created by moving vehicles. For that purpose wind turbines are placed at the centre of the highway for the generation and utilization. There are two types of axis is available in wind turbines, horizontal and vertical axis. Horizontal axis is commonly used but it is not applicable for highway applications. There are some types of turbines are available in vertical axis. In this paper, two types of turbine blade model is made as hybrid in VAWT (Vertical Axis Wind Turbine) which increases the efficiency in wind energy utilization. Due to this hybrid model, drag and lift are increased and rotate automatically even in low wind speed. The power generated by this VAWT can be utilized for highway applications, and then the excess power will be injected to grid or local area. The power is stored in the battery bank which is placed under the windmill and utilized at the night time for lighting purpose on the highway. Q-Blade software is used to design the blade shape and the efficiency improvement is verified by Q-Blade.

Published by: Menaka. R, Mohan. K, Muthu Vijay. P, Ranjith. I, Ragul. DResearch Area: Renewable Energy

Organisation: Knowledge Institute of technology, Salem, Tamil NaduKeywords: VAWT, Alternator, SandD Blade, Geared PMDC, Aerodynamics, Q-Blade Software.

Research Paper

42. Design of Flexible Pavement: A Case Study

Although several studies observed pavement responses after flooding, no detailed quantification has been done to date. This paper has estimated “Design of flexible pavement’s” with the help of “IRC-37, 2012” This was shown through the traffic design v/s thickness of pavement, study of Traffic volume, Traffic count, and calculates traffic design with the help of IRC-37, 2012. (Use IS code formulae), CBR of strong pavement built to high standard is the most flood – resilient, which may be adopted as a pre-flood strategy. Results obtained using CBR in Year 1 over the probability of flooding, and the loss in road strength and service life as well as flood consequences provided similar results. Road authorities should consider changing their roads to flood-resilient pavements in the future.

Published by: A. V. Hankare, P. B. Bhujbal, A. B. Shinde, R. G. WaghResearch Area: Transportation Engineering

Organisation: The Tatyasaheb Kore Institute of Engineering and Technology, Warananagar, Maharashtra Keywords: Road Deterioration, Modulus of Resilience, Flood Resilient Pavement, CBR, Traffic Volume Count

Research Paper

43. Comparative Study on C and D Waste and Industrial Waste to make M-Sand Concrete in an Aggressive Environment

Construction and demolition (C and D) waste generation and handling issues have been in focus to achieve sustainable goals. This project comparative studies on C and D waste concrete and Industrial waste concrete in an Aggressive environment. Owing to growth in construction in India, it is appropriate to link generation of C and D waste with the growth. C and D waste in India in 2010 may be estimated as 24 million tonnes. This paper provides an overview of the construction industry in India and gives some statistics about the volume of C and D waste. The main applications of fly ash are then discussed, with particular reference to disposal as well as to civil engineering, chemical industries, agricultural, environmental and soil stabilization applications of fly ash. In future fly ash can be used as a substitute for materials and it remains a potential low-cost adsorbent for the future.

Published by: S. Arulkumaran, P. Thirumal Valavan, K. Mohan RajResearch Area: Concrete

Organisation: IFET College of Engineering, Villupuram, Tamil NaduKeywords: Construction and Demolition (C and D) Waste, Fly Ash, Low-cost.

Research Paper

44. Experimental Study on Strength of Concrete by Partial Replacement of Cement by Cashew Nut Shell Ash (CNSA) and Chicken Feather Fiber (CFF) as Fiber Reinforcement

In this project, to reduce the cement content in the concrete to use the cashew net shell ash (CNSA). Most ashes have pozzolanic activity and may be used as a cement replacement material, resulting in less energy waste and low-cost composite. And also increase the strength of concrete to add the chicken feathers as a fiber. The CFF has the presence of more void space in its cross-section, so it has good resilient property. By using the CFF will save cost, eco-friendly environment and also help the fiber industry sustainable. Combination of CNSA and CFF is cost-efficient and improve the strength of the concrete block.

Published by: V. Thirumurugan, S. George Vimal Raj, K. DheenadhayalanResearch Area: Concrete

Organisation: IFET College of Engineering, Villupuram, Tamil NaduKeywords: Cashew Nut Shell Ash, Chicken Feather Fiber, Pozzolanic, Energy Waste, Calcareous, Argillaceous, Compression, Plain Rigid Bearing Block.

Research Paper

45. Comparative Analysis among Minor Clusters of Leather Industry in Tamil Nadu

Leather industry in tamilnadu the state accounts for 70 per cent of leather tanning capacity in India and 38 per cent of leather footwear and components. The exports from Tamil Nadu are valued at about US $762 million, which accounts for 42 per cent of Indian leather exports. Hundreds of leather and tannery industries are located around Vellore, Dindigul and Erode its nearby town Ranipet, Chennai, Ambur, Perundurai and Vaniyambadi. According to an all India survey of leather product industries carried out by CLRI, there are 144 footwear/footwear components manufacturers, 155 leather garment manufacturers and 139 leather goods producers in the state of Tamilnadu. Besides these registered producers, there are a large number of small producers and job workers with 50 or 10 machines producing garments and leather goods. Theirs number could run into lie providing employment to over 150000 persons directly in the state of Tamilnadu. It is estimated that a significant percentage (over 75%) of workers in these factories are women.

Published by: Dr. K.Thiripurasundari, C. PonsakthisuryaResearch Area: Commerce

Organisation: Sri Parasakthi College for Women, Courtallam, Tamil NaduKeywords: Export, Finished Leather, Footwear Components, Leather Footwear, Leather Industry, Minor Clusters.

Research Paper

46. Experimental Studies on Fiber Wrapping Concrete in Aggressive Environment

Nowadays in marine zone concrete are affected by tidal waves in the tidal zone and splash zone. Generally, the concrete may be affected by the sulfate, chloride, Acid, and seawater. These effects are reduced by using the fiber wrapped on the concrete. The fiber is to increase the strength and reduce the buckling and porous in concrete in the aggressive zone. Aggressive zone concretes are like chloride, sulfate, and acid and sea water. Glass fiber has the advantages of having higher tensile strength and fire resistant properties, thus reducing the loss of damage during fire accident of concrete structures. In this trial test for concrete with glass fiber wrapping and without glass fiber rapping conducted to show the difference in compressive strength by using cylinder.

Published by: S. Arulkumaran, S. Subash, Kucheti Prasanth Kumar ReddyResearch Area: Concrete

Organisation: IFET College of Engineering, Villupuram, Tamil NaduKeywords: Glass Fiber, Pozzolanic, Calcareous, Argillaceous, Compression, Sulphate, Chloride, Acid and Sea Water.

Technical Notes

47. Smart Dustbin for Smart City using Solar

This paper offers a new method for the garbage collection by garbage level detection. This study has been undertaken to investigate the garbage level in different levels by using smart dustbins. In the modern age, Urbanization has increased tremendously. At the same phase, there is an increase in waste production. Waste management has been a crucial issue to be considered. So, inspired by the Swachh Bharat Mission, we developed a Smart Dustbin which will sense the position of human and automatically opens the lid of the dustbins. It monitors the garbage bins and informs about the levels of garbage collected in the garbage bins via sending SMS to the cleaning staff and supervisor of the Municipal Corporation. Once the garbage reaches the threshold level ultrasonic sensor will trigger the GSM modem which will continuously alert the cleaning staff and supervisor until the garbage in the dustbin is squashed. Foul smell from the rotten wastes that remain untreated for a long time, due to the negligence of authorities and carelessness of public may lead to long-term problems. [1] So once these smart bins are implemented on a large scale, by replacing our traditional bins present today, waste can be managed efficiently as it avoids unnecessary lumping of wastes on the roadside and keeps the city clean.

Published by: Mohd Javed, Akhilesh Kumar, Kamaljeet Verma, Poornendu Mishra, Rajat Singh Yadav, Saroj KumarResearch Area: Automation

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: GSM, GUI, Wi-Fi, LED, SPL

Review Article

48. RF Controlled Robot to Travel on Uneven Surface for Space Applications

Communication systems play a major role in maintaining communication between humans or organizations or institutions or radio broadcasting programs via wired or wireless communication systems. To overcome disadvantages of wired communications, advancement in technology has resulted in the development of most advanced wireless communication systems including wireless radio frequency technology, infrared technology, GSM technology, and so on. NASA recently started an ambitious exploration program for Mars. Pathfinder is the first rover explorer in this program. Future rovers will need to travel several kilometers over periods of months and manipulate rock and soil samples. They will also need to be somewhat autonomous. Rocker-bogie based rovers are likely candidates for these missions.The physics of these rovers is quite complex. To design and control these, analytical models of how the rover interacts with its environment are essential. Models are also needed for rover action planning. Simple mobility analysis of rocker-bogie vehicles has been developed and used for design evaluation. In the available published works, the rocker-bogie configuration is modeled as a planar system. MATLAB is used for programming. Mankind has long sought improved methods of land transport. In recent years, practical mobile robots have been successfully used in environments such as factories, offices, and hospitals as well as outdoors on prepared surfaces and terrain with minor irregularities. However, reliable mobility on extremely uneven terrain remains an elusive goal for man-made devices.

Published by: Shukrajit Kamble, Tejas Jadhav, Rohan Gupta, Pavan WaghmareResearch Area: Robotics, Communication

Organisation: Dhole Patil College of Engineering, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: RF module , All-Terrain Vehicle, RF controlled robot, Rocker-bogie, Wheeled Mobile Robot

Research Paper

49. Design and Analysis of a Nozzle to Enhance Noise Suppression

The project mainly concentrates on the suppression of noise at the exit of the nozzle of the turbofan engine of the aircraft. The new concept was introduced in the convergent nozzle of the aircraft to reduce the noise emission. We introduced corrugated plates near the exit of the convergent nozzle which also has chevrons at the trailing edge of the nozzle exit. The analyses were carried out with various parameters in the nozzle. After the assessment of the nozzle parameters we are going to modify the angle of the corrugated plates in order to suppress the noise emission with small amount of thrust loss. ANSYS- Fluent software were used to analyze the nozzle with the different orientation of the corrugated plates.

Published by: Rajashree V, Antony D T, Palanisamy R, Prakash S, Ranjithkumar RResearch Area: Noise Reduction In The Aircraft Nozzle

Organisation: SNS College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Chevrons, Corrugated Plates, Convergent Nozzle.

Research Paper

50. Significance of DNA in Conviction of Rape Accused

DNA is an abbreviation of Deoxyribo nucleic acid. It’s an organic substance which is found in every living cell and gives an individual a personal genetic blue print. It can be extracted from blood, saliva, semen, hair, bones and other organs of the body. DNA technique now enjoys legitimacy all over the world. The technique helps the identification of criminals on scientific lines. However the technique requires great care and caution. DNA is essentially made up of amino acids and it’s matched with so called bases which provide the key to determining the genetic blueprint. Each and every cell in the human body has a sample of DNA. Presently, there is no concrete law, specific law to govern the admissibility of forensic technique however the courts of law derives the validity of forensic technique from various provisions of Code Of Criminal Procedure and Evidence Act. The paper will examine the role of DNA in criminal investigation for rape victim. In this paper author tries to find out whether the forensic technique especially in DNA profiling helped to find out accused of rape victim.It describes the main benefits and costs of the increasing role of DNA identification in the criminal justice system with special emphasis to India. We hope that the challenges of DNA technologies will be solved in future

Published by: Trishandhya Mishra, Deepankar PanigrahyResearch Area: Criminal Law

Organisation: Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law, Kharagpur, West BengalKeywords: DNA, Criminal Investigation, Forensic Technique, Rape, Evidence

Research Paper

51. Library Automation System

Automation is the process of using the machinery for easily working and saving human power and time. The impact of automation has changed the library systems into an automated one in its operations and functions. The users need not search shelf by shelf to find out a book. Rather they can check for their books simply sitting in front of the desktop or mobile phones. This paper focuses on the automation of the library, its requirements, and modules in this web application. Library Automation which started in late 70’s in few special libraries have now reached in most of the university libraries. There are several reasons for Library Automation. Through Library Automation a considerable saving in effort, time and resources which are needed in the manual process is achieved.

Published by: G. Keerthana, V. Keerthika, T. ChithrakumarResearch Area: Library Automation

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Automation, Circulation, Web Application, MARC.

Research Paper

52. Impact of Solar Energy

In remote and inaccessible areasaround 25,000 villages are located. So, it could not be electrified through conventional grid extension in India. the ‘Remote Village Electrification Programme’ (RVEP)is implementing by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)to electrify such remote villages by installing solar photovoltaic (PV).

Published by: Bhumika Vaish, Chandra Shekhar SinghResearch Area: Solar Energy

Organisation: Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology, Bhauti, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Development, Energy, Solar, Solar Photovoltaic Modules (SPM).

Technical Notes

53. Microcontroller based Data Acquisition System using RTU Protocol

The objective of this paper is to design and implement an data acquisition system (DAQ) by using serial RS-232 and SPI communication protocols PC platform. The developed DAQ system should be able to acquire both analog signals as well as digital signals. The system converts the analog signals into digital data and send the data into the computer using RS-232 serial communication for further processing. The development of the system has been divided into two phases. The first phase is to the design of SPI interface, while the second phase is to the design of RS-232 interface. The SPI interface deals with the ADC and amplifier communication with FPGA and the RS-232 interface deals with the communication between PC and FPGA. The SPI and RS-232 communication protocol have been developed using C programming language Data acquisition system project is a fine combination of analog and digital electronics. This project is designed so as to fulfil the requirements of the industry applications, home applications. The project consists of parameters monitoring, parameter storage which is also known as Data Logger. PC interface is one of the main features of the project in which various data like value of parameters, date and time are sent to the PC. Microcontroller as a main component of the project. Now a Microcontroller has become a main component of many of the electronic circuits. Also Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) and EEPROM is used on major basis for the display and storage purpose. I2C bus protocol is used while interfacing 8051 with EEPROM. This project which will consist of two basis modules. First is “Data monitoring” & other is “Data Storage”.  

Published by: V. Sai Sumanth SrivatsaResearch Area: Microcontroller Programming

Organisation: Sreenidhi Institute of Science and Technology, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: Modbus, RTU, Data Acquisition System.

Research Paper

54. Cricket score and winning prediction using data mining

Data Mining and Machine Learning in sports analytics is a brand-new research field in computer science with a lot of challenge. In this research, the goal is to design a result prediction system for a T20 cricket match, in particular for an IPL match while the match is in progress. Different Machine Learning and statistical approach were taken to find out the best possible outcome. A very popular mathematical technique named Multiple Linear Regression is used in order to make a comparison of results found. This model is very much popular in predictive modeling. Currently, in Twenty-Twenty(T20) cricket matches first innings score is predicted on the basis of a current run rate which can be calculated as the number of runs scored per the number of overs bowled. It does not include factors like the number of wickets fallen, venue of the match, toss. Furthermore, in second innings there is no method to predict the outcome of the match. In this paper a model has been proposed that predicts the score in each of the innings using Multiple Variable Linear Regression along with Logistic regression and finally the winner of the match using Random Forest algorithm.

Published by: Akhil Nimmagadda, Nidamanuri Venkata Kalyan, Manigandla Venkatesh, Nuthi Naga Sai Teja, Chavali Gopi RajuResearch Area: Data Mining

Organisation: Vasireddy Venkatadri Institute of Technology, Namburu, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Data Mining, Prediction, T20, IPL, Logistic Regression, Random Forest.

Research Paper

55. Women empowerment and gender equality under MGNREGA a great revolution in rural life

Women empowerment is the most important need of society if the society has to develop in all spheres of life rural women has to lead from the front. Empowerment of women is a complex process which needs to gain attention as early as possible, in this regard Government of India has made an Act Mahatma Gandhi national rural employment guarantee act in 2005 to give the equal rights to the rural women to participate in this act and to gain sustainable livelihood for the procurement and upliftment of women society of India. It provides them the power to control, participates, holds accountable institutions and provides basic assets and capabilities for their upliftment. The act has a great impact on liberty and decision making the power of poor women. It provides them security and protected them from exploitation. They can work with their male partners and also they can look after their Children's as well during the work site. This act gave an opportunity to the women to become less dependent on male and get equal wages with respect to the men. A lot of women workers from the rural area started a small business by the amount they get from the MGNREGA which brought a great enlightenment in the lives of women. This paper will also highlight some issues at the end which need to be addressed to make this act more powerful and purposeful for the women society.

Published by: Aasif Ali Naikoo, Shashank Shekhar Thakur, Tariq Ahmad GurooResearch Area: Women Empowerment

Organisation: Barkatullah University, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Women Empowerment, Exploitation, MGNREGA, Opportunity and Upliftment.

Research Paper

56. Energy efficiency improvement of induction motor by integral cycle control using ATMEGA controller

At present situation, all house and industries have more than one number of the ceiling fan which operates on an average of 10-15 hours/day. So the contribution of a fan in the overall energy consumption of house and industry is of considerable value since there is no existing system which deals with reducing the energy consumed by a fan. By our proposed system we can reduce the energy consumption of fan by controlling the supply given to it. To control the voltage a control switch is used in addition to a microcontroller. So by effectively reducing the energy consumption of the electric fan, major changes can be seen in overall energy saving in all houses and industries. In Single-phase induction motors for a high starting torque, a capacitor-start capacitor-run arrangement is used; the speed is usually controlled by voltage control methods. This paper is implemented to control the speed of split phase induction motor by controlling load voltage depends upon the ratio of ON and total (ON+OFF) periods or the number of ON and OFF cycles of the supply voltage.

Published by: Thirthapriyan, Iniya V, Ashok Kumar, Umesh M, Senthil Kumar, Balaji PResearch Area: Power Electronics

Organisation: Knowledge Institute of technology, Salem, Tamil NaduKeywords: Micro controller, Single-Phase Induction, Split Phase Induction Motor.

Research Paper

57. Protection of load and charge using Solar Power Management

This paper focuses on the protection of load and charge using solar power management. Solar energy is converted into electrical energy by photovoltaic cells. This energy is stored in batteries during daytime to be utilized during night time. In fact, the developed project has many advantages as existing devices, as it deals with a controlled charging mechanism that avoids overcharge, deep discharge and under/over voltage of the battery and load. Unless barriers like under/over charge are overcome, maintaining and increasing electricity supplies from solar energy will require continuation of potentially costly policy support.

Published by: Aparna Ojha, Chandra Shekhar SinghResearch Area: Solar Energy

Organisation: Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Solar Energy, Solar Power Management, Protection of Load and Charge.

Research Paper

58. Ergonomic risk assessment among healthcare laboratory technicians in benghazi medical centre

Laboratory health-care technicians, including microbiologists, pathologist, chemists and etc, are exposed to a number of risk factors in the workplace for musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). But, the individual effect of these risk factors on laboratory technicians in Libya is unknown. Objective: The aim of this study was to know the risk factors and its individual contribution for work-related MSDs (WMSDs) among laboratory technicians in health care system. Materials and Methods: Descriptive Cross-Sectional study, done on laboratory health-care technicians in Benghazi Medical Centre (BMC). Risk factors were categorized into personal and workstation which was known using questionnaire and RULA checklist. Outcomes: A total of 103 subjects participated randomly in the study. Data outcomes display that all the study participants are at ergonomic risk caused by static & repetitive working postures during laboratory tasks such as computer workstation and pipetting workstation that were found to be the most important contributory factors in WMSDs. Conclusion: Medical laboratory technicians are strongly encouraged to adopt preventive measures toward personal and workstation-related risk factors before symptoms of WMSDs develop.

Published by: Amal Ali Mukhtad, Hager Abdulkareem Aminese, Mona Abdulrazig Mansor, Huda Salam Mansour, Heba Alsharif ElmesmaryResearch Area: Work-related Health Problems

Organisation: University of Benghazi, Benghazi, LibyaKeywords: Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders, Health Risk at Work, Laboratory Technicians at Health Care.

Research Paper

59. IOT based smart energy meter

It is a proposed system designed to eliminate human involvement in the electricity system. IOT (Internet of things) is the network of physical things with electronics software, sensors, and connectivity to enable objects to collect and exchange data. IOT based automatic meter reading is the technology of automatically collecting data energy meter and transferring data to the server for billing process and if there is any tempering then also detectable. The internet connection to meter collect the data and display data on the LCD by which we can read and understand the things that are going on the system. Current drawn also calculated by the current transformer that connected in series with the load will be shown on the LCD. This data transfer to server unit at MSEB. MSEB is not a technical word but it is electricity distribution board “Maharashtra State Electricity Board”. The data is received by the internet and whenever a key is pressed microcontroller send SMS through the internet to the transmitter to get the reading of the meter. It is difficult to manual reading and calculating bill of individually. This will help for the proper and accurate reading of billing process. By taking all these features that can be done by IOT based smart energy meter easily.

Published by: Amrita Singh, Ravi GuptaResearch Area: Electrical And Electronics Engineering

Organisation: Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology, Kanpur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: LCD, Smart Energy Meter, Current Tranformer, Wi-Fi Module, max232, Optocoupler, Power Theft, Automatic Billing.

Case Study

60. IoT based home automation system using NodeMCU ESP8266 module

In this project, we are going to make an IoT based home automation system using NODEMCU ESP8266 Wi-Fi module and.Using this we will be able to control home appliances through a web browser using your PC or mobile. These AC mains appliances will be connected to relays which are controlled by the NodeMCU ESP8266 and NodeMCU acts as a Web Server and we will send control commands through a Web Browser like Google Chrome etc. ESP8266 is the one of the most popular and low-cost Wi-Fi module available in the market today. The goal of this project is to develop a home automation system that gives the user complete control over all remotely controllable aspects of his/her home.

Published by: Suraj Tonage, Sandhya Yemul, Rajendra Jare, Veena PatkiResearch Area: Electronics Engineering

Organisation: Walchand Institute of Technology, Solapur, MaharashtraKeywords: NodeMCU ESP8266, IoT, Web Server

Research Paper

61. Question paper generating system

In the present age, the instruction is the most critical method for making progress. When we talk about training, it is basic to say tests and examination. Examinations plan understudies in their mission for learning. Along these lines, having a legitimate examination paper and configuration is very essential. Presently the customary strategy for creating question paper has been manual. In this technique, certain authorities chalk out the inquiry paper. In any case, this strategy can be insufficient now and again attributable to inclination, reiteration and security concerns. We have proposed a computerized procedure of Question Paper Age which is quick, streamlined, randomized and secure. Each errand performed by this framework is mechanized with the goal that storage room, inclination, and security isn't a worry any longer. Besides, we have proposed another calculation which guarantees add up to randomization of inquiries and stays away from reiterations. The proposed framework can be useful to numerous instructive establishments and NGO based organizations.

Published by: M. Yaswanth Sai Kumar, M. Prudhvi Narayana, R. Yashwanth, M. Eswar Kumar, M. Devivaraprasad, MD. Shakeel AhamadResearch Area: Data Base

Organisation: Vasireddy Venkatadri Institute of Technology, Namburu, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Randomization, Syllabus engine, Question aggregator, and Question paper generating system.