Volume 3, Issue 7

Volume 3, Issue 7

July, 2018


1. Transition Loss among Adolescents at Secondary Level as Function of Emotional Intelligence, Need level and Stress resistance

The research primarily aims to find out to understand the phenomenon of transition loss of the adolescents transiting from Secondary level to higher/post-secondary level and to identify the extent of the role of emotional intelligence, need level and stress resistance play in it. The research was conducted in the government school of Chhattisgarh of class X, to find the reason of Transition Loss -non-transition of students to class to class XI from class X / The research findings imply that transition does not happen for two main reasons: one for students who are not successful in class X Board examination and the other reason for students not taking admission and non-transition to class XI even after being successful in class X . This is due to due to academic and non-academic reasons. The non-academic reason has a physiological lining. Research findings suggest that emotional intelligence, growth need level and stress resistance have a positive correlation with students success and transition to next grade, whereas transition loss has a negative correlation with emotional intelligence, growth need level and stress resistance. Non-transient students were found to be low in emotional intelligence , need level and stress resistance score.

Published by: Deepa DassResearch Area: Education

Organisation: MATS University, Gullu, ChhattisgarhKeywords: Transition, Emotional intelligence, Need level, Stress resistance.

Review Article

2. Synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial screening of some furofused coumarines

The synthesis of 3 -(1'- phenyl- 3'-aryl -1H-pyrazol -4'-yl) furo[3,2-c]coumarins (4a-f) and 2-methyl-3-(1'–phenyl-3'-aryl-1H-pyrazol-4'-yl)furo- [3,2-c]coumarins (5a-f) has been carried out by the reaction of various 4-hydroxy coumarins (1a-c) with appropriate 2-(1-phenyl-3-aryl-1H- pyrazol-4-yl)-1-nitro-ethenes (2a-b) and 1-(1-phenyl-3-aryl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-2-nitro propenes (3a-b) respectively in the presence of catalytic amount of piperidine in refluxing methanol. All the synthesized compounds (4a-f) and (5a-f) were screened for their antimicrobial activity.

Published by: Dr Jigar PatelResearch Area: Total Synthesis, Spectroscopy and Antimicrobial Drugs.

Organisation: SSR College of Arts, Science, and Commerce, Silvassa, Dadra and Nagar HaveliKeywords: Furocoumarins, 4-Hydroxy coumarins, Nef reaction, Antimicrobial activity

Research Paper

3. Training needs assessment of Gram Panchayat mukhiya regarding health and family welfare programmes in Bihar state

The Gram Panchayat plays a significant role in the democratic decentralization process, as it is the institution at the bottom level of the system; drawing villagers closer to participate in the decision making for the development. The path of decentralization has been successful in some parts of the country but disparities are present in certain regions /districts in terms of effective implementation, functioning of the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), and self-generated development initiatives. The present study was undertaken in Patna and Vaishali districts of Bihar State. Five percent of elected Mukhiya was interviewed under the study to understand their nature and degree of participation in PRIs along with the opinion about the acceptability of the fertility regulations methods among married men/women in their areas. In total, half of the Mukhiya were OBC in the selected Panchayats. Only one-fifth of the Mukhiya was found to be computer literate in the selected Panchayats. More than half of the males and one-third of the females were literate. The average distance of the Computer Institute from the selected Panchayats was about 6 km. The work of MANREGA implemented throughout the Panchayats. About 65 percent of the Mukhiya had needed that the Panchayat-members should be involved in the planning of developmental activities for villages in Patna district. Mukhiya in Patna district was involved in activities like; budgeting of the planned activities (50 percent), implementation of the development activities in Panchayat (55 percent) and Health and Family Welfare activities (45 percent). In Vaishali district, the opinion regarding the activities in which Gram Panchayat-members should have active participation was better than those of Mukhiya in Patna district. Most of Mukhiya was involved in the construction of drains and sewer (80 percent), installing the hand pump (50 percent), motivating the villagers for medical support from the PHC/HSC (40 percent). Mukhiya needed training on the regular basis to know and to understand new schemes of the Government for the development of their Panchayats. Only about 35 percent of Mukhiya in Patna and 55 percent Mukhiya in Vaishali districts had always disused the issues of health and family welfare such as ANM visits, immunization of the children, contraceptive distribution and etc. in Gram Panchayats. Only 3 Mukhiya in Patna and 8 Mukhiya in Vaishali districts had discussed TT injection to the pregnant women, the role of ASHA and ANM, children nutrition etc. in the Gram Panchayats meetings. Educational level of Mukhiyas is an important factor for their involvement in the development activities in the villages. Mukhiyas must be educated and enhanced training is needed for the betterment of the villagers.

Published by: Dilip Kumar, Dhanesh Kumar, Binay Kumar SinghResearch Area: Survey Research In Social Science

Organisation: Patna University, Patna, BiharKeywords: Gram panchayat, Mukhiya, Pri, Family planning, Fertility regulation methods

Review Article

4. Potentially malignant disorder – Oral Erythroplakia: A Review

Oral Erythroplakia is a Potentially malignant disorder. The disorder is strongly associated with substance abuse like smoking and smokeless Tobacco, Alcohol etc. it is most commonly associated with smoking tobacco. The present review article of oral Erythroplakia introduces definitions, clinical and Histopathological diagnostic features and short management chart of oral Erythroplakia which provides an easy key to diagnose and differentiate lesion by medicine specialist, ENT surgeon, Oral Surgeon etc.

Published by: Dr. Kajal Shilu, Dr. Parth Raviya, Dr. Chandramani B. MoreResearch Area: Oral Precacer

Organisation: K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, Vadodara, GujaratKeywords: Oral Potentially malignant disorder, Oral Erythroplakia, Smoking and Smokeless tobacco, Red Lesion

Review Article

5. A review of NoSQL databases, types and identification with relational database

As the use of the internet is increasing day to day and so with this amount of data is also getting big. Classical databases i.e. Relational Databases are facing problems during handling huge amount of data as low scalability, real-time data and unstructured data as data on the net is not properly structured, it may be semi-structured or unstructured. So, in order to deal with the problems suffered by the Relational Database Management System, there is a forthcoming category of Database Management Systems that is ”NoSQL”. NoSQL( Not only SQL) databases commonly known as “non-SQL” or “non-relational” databases. It is not the replacement of Relational Databases but it is a substitute for it. In this paper, we will be discussing NoSQL: where they arrive from, why NoSQL, nature of its types and identification with relational databases.

Published by: Amit KhareResearch Area: NoSQL Databases

Organisation: Acropolis Institute of Technology and Research, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: ACID, BASE properties, CAP theorem, Identification with relational

Research Paper

6. Cloud computing security issues and challenges

Cloud computing has raised IT to newer limits by contribution the market environment data storage and volume with springy scalable computing processing power to match elastic demand supply, with reducing capital expenditure. Usually, cloud computing services are delivered by a third party provider who owns the infrastructure. Cloud computing offers an innovative business model for organizations to adopt IT services without upfront investment. Security is one of the major issues which hamper the growth of the cloud. Today, leading players, such as Amazon, Google, IBM, Microsoft, and salesforce.com offer their cloud infrastructure for services.

Published by: Gowthami K., Dr. Jagadhesan B.Research Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: Dhanraj Baid Jain College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Cloud computing, Cloud security issues, IAAS, PAAS, SAAS

Research Paper

7. Public Interest Litigation

Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a concept which fully justifies the universally accepted promise that human beings are social animals. The expression ‘Public Interest Litigation ‘literally means, “some litigations conducted for the benefit of public or for removal of some public grievance.“ The words ‘ public interest ‘ according to the Oxford English Dictionary (2nd Edition Vol.12) mean ‘the common well being also public welfare, and the word ‘litigation means ‘ a legal action including all proceedings therein, initiated in a court of law with the purpose of enforcing a right or seeking a remedy . Thus , the expression public interest litigation or social interest litigation means “ a legal action initiated in a court of law for the enforcement of public interest or general interest in which the public or a class of the community have pecuniary interest or some interest by which their legal rights or liabilities are affected “. Spirited citizens for the enforcement of the constitution or legal rights. The public interest is in public interest litigation any public-spirited citizens can move/approach to the court for the public cause by filing a petition in the Supreme Court under Art.32 or in High Court under Art.226 of the constitution or under Sec. 133 Cr. P. C. before the court of Magistrate. The traditional rule of Locus Standi that a person whose right is infringed alone can file a petition, has been considerably relaxed and now the courts permit public interest litigation at the instance of public promoted by a spacious construction of locus standi in our socio-economic circumstances and conceptual latitude in a aryanismpermits taking liberties with individualization of the right to invoke the higher courts where the remedy is shared by a considerable number, particularly when they are weaker . Less litigation, consistent with fair process, is the aim of the adjective law.

Published by: Suhasini JaiswalResearch Area: Legal Studies And Research

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Judicial activism, Concept, Criteria, History, Norms

Research Paper

8. Marriage in Muslim law (Nikah)

The prosperity and success of the society heavily dependent on the strength of the relation of its individual Strength. In Islam, Marriage is a contractual sacramental ceremony. Marriage is the only process through which families are bought into existence, therefore, it is of magnificent importance for human society In Islam marriage is a contract between man and women with the aim of establishing a protection for a lifetime. As we know marriage is a bond between two person ,and in Muslim marriages concept thing goes in the same way ,Heavily dependent at the credibility of the traditional importance Muslim marriages have proved its significance in various logical and legal section of law, In this research paper I will be discussing about the basic concept of different type of marriages with their significance and Importance. Muslim marriages are not a simple or ordinary one it comprises a number of contractual obligations and a number of concept in it. The purposes of making this research paper are to establish a basic concept about the marriages that come under Muslim law. Unlike Hindu Law, Muslim Law has a different concept of keeping obligations and imposing them and hence a brief history to be published is of great importance, Marriages that comes under Muslim Law are of great importance and hence must be published keeping all the sacramental and contractual concept of the tradition that Muslims are following from decades.

Published by: Urvashi SolankiResearch Area: Legal Studies And Research

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Object, Concept, Type, Consequences, Values, Meaning

Research Paper

9. Study the effect of plastic waste on strength of concrete

In this era of Global Warming, the increase in plastic waste has become a major concern in our society. The influence of plastic waste can be minimized by using them in the concrete. The plastic can lead to the increment in the strength of the mix. The objective of this research is to investigate the effectiveness of using waste plastic as the fine aggregate replacement in concrete mixtures. The compressive and tensile strengths of various concrete specimens were tested to determine how the replacement of fine aggregate by plastic waste would affect the development of strength in the mixes. For different plastics, the different methodology was taken into the consideration. For plastic bottle mix concrete, the size of the bottle had an impact on strength. Both the strength, i.e., compressive and tensile increased due to it. By using the plastic bag and seat, the compressive strength decreases while tensile strength increases while by using PVC in concrete, both the strength increases. The 10% replacement level only showed a 15% loss of compressive strength at 28 days compared to the control. Despite being much weaker in compression, the tensile strength test showed that 10%, 20%, and 30% replacements were stronger in tension compared to the control.

Published by: Gopal Swarup SangalResearch Area: Structural Engineering

Organisation: Swami Vivekanand Subharti University, Meerut, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Compressive Strength, Concrete, Non-Biodegradable, Polyvinyl chloride(PVC), Pollution, Tensile Strength

Case Study

10. A study on cloud computing

Cloud Computing is a general term for anything that involves delivering hosted services over the Internet. Instead of a static system architecture, Cloud Computing supports the ability to dynamically scale up and quickly scale down, offering cloud consumers high reliability, quick response times, and the flexibility to handle traffic fluctuations and demand. Cloud Computing is an emerging technology that has an abstruse connection to Grid Computing paradigm and other relevant technologies such as utility computing, distributed computing and cluster computing. Cloud computing is the emerging technology. Cloud computing provides easy access and high-performance computing on the data. Another major challenge that today software companies face, is the storage of data at an affordable cost and make available all the time.

Published by: Rajeswari C, Saravanan PResearch Area: Cloud Computing

Organisation: Dhanraj Baid Jain College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Cloud architecture, Cloud computing, Software as a Service (SaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS).

Research Paper

11. Software test maturity and test process improvement

Software testing practices and processes in many companies are far from being mature and are usually conducted in ad-hoc fashions. Such immature practices lead to various negative outcomes, e.g., the ineffectiveness of testing practices in detecting all the defects, and cost and schedule overruns of testing activities. To conduct a test maturity assessment (TMA) and test process improvement (TPI) in a systematic manner, various TMA/TPI approaches and frameworks have been proposed. Motivated by a recent industrial project in TMA/TPI and to identify the state-of-the-art and the –practice in this area and to find out what we know about TMA/TPI, we conducted a multivocal literature review (a systematic review from various sources) on both the scientific literature and also practitioners grey literature (e.g., blog posts) and we present the results in this paper. By summarizing what we know about TMA/TPI, our review identified 58 different test maturity models and a large number of sources with varying degrees of empirical evidence on this topic. This article aims to benefit the readers (both practitioners and researchers) by serving as an evidence-based overview and index to the vast body of knowledge in this important and fast-growing area, in assessing and improving the maturity of test processes by benefitting from both the state-of-the-art and practice.

Published by: Anitha A., K. RajasekaranResearch Area: Software Testing

Organisation: Dhanraj Baid Jain College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Software testing, Test maturity, Test process assessment, Test process improvement, Multivocal literature review, Systematic literature review

Case Study

12. Rare case of Femoral hernia-Diagnostic dilemma

Femoral hernias are a relatively uncommon, accounting for less than 5% of all hernias with a female predisposition, likely due to the wider pelvis or wider femoral canal. The male to female ratio is 1: 4 and increases with age. Presentation of this hernia can be varied from asymptomatic to incarcerated groin lump. Diagnosing femoral hernias preoperatively is challenging due to the resemblance to an inguinal hernia. Diagnosing the nature of a lump in the groin is often difficult and a delay in diagnosis may occur, especially because an obstructed or strangulated femoral hernia may not always typically present with abdominal or inguinal pain. Femoral hernias may have an abnormal presentation and may misguide the diagnosis. A proper examination and histopathology reporting should be done for confirmation. Hence, one should have a high index of suspicion in these cases as they can have varied presentation preoperatively.

Published by: Dr. Abhishek Kumar, Dr. Vijay Pal, Dr. Ashok Kumar GuptaResearch Area: Surgical Dilemma In Lump Abdomen

Organisation: National Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, Jaipur, RajasthanKeywords: Femoral hernia, Atypical presentation, Strangulated Femoral hernia

Research Paper

13. A modern interpretation on Zeno’s view of motion

To grasp the concept of motion, it is necessary to make a new look towards Zeno’s reaction on a motion. Zeno of Elea (about 489 BC), is the favorite disciple of Parmenides (about 514 BC). Zeno devotes himself in refuting the views of the opponents of Parmenides. Arguments against the possibility of motion, is first found in 'The Dialectic of Zeno'. The ancient Greek philosophers were confused to think about space, time and motion. Zeno is the first who deeply thinks about these. His arguments, generally known as his paradoxes, seem to show that motion is simply an illusion which is not possible in any circumstances. Zeno’s arguments are based upon the argument which may be called the antinomy (i.e., a proof that since two contradictory propositions equally follow from a given assumption that must be false) of infinite divisibility. But in our times, we know that the fallacies of his proofs, the confusion of the infinite divisibility of space and time with infinite dividedness, he does not notice himself. He argues from the geometrical line to the actual line. Indeed, a geometrical point has no magnitude and a geometrical line is infinitely divisible. But in everyday life the movement between any distance, is not infinitely divisible, nor any observed time which we live through as short or long, is infinitely divisible into moments. Zeno confused an analytic proposition with a synthetic proposition. An analytic proposition does not require any observation to confirm or disconfirm its truth while a synthetic proposition can be true if it corresponds to an actual state of affairs. A distance or time is infinitely divisible, is only an analytic proposition but actual distance traversed in same observed time is not infinitely divisible. In fact, without motion our usual life would be stopped. Sun, moon, stars, planets and other stars cannot move without motion. If motion is not accepted then astronomy would be in vein. Even we cannot speak and write without the movement of our vocabulary organs and that of fingers respectively. So, the existence of motion has to accept in usual life, in scientific research and in all other aspects of life.

Published by: Dr. Sudipta ChattopadhyayResearch Area: Philosophy

Organisation: Malda Women's College, Malda, West BengalKeywords: Zeno's view of motion, Parmenides

Review Paper

14. Classifications of Fibroosseous lesion with brief review on Fibrous Dysplasia

Fibro-osseous lesions (FOLs) are the group of lesions which are recognized to affect the jaws and the craniofacial bones which are known for their confusing area in diagnostic pathology. The disease involves the normal architecture of bone is replaced by fibrous tissue containing varying amount of foci of mineralization. The article pitches a bright on the various classification systems are given for FOLs and also highlights the role of radiographic & Histopathological features in the diagnosis of FOLs, which will qualify us to adopt a uniform vocabulary and to aid the Diagnostic and surgical pathologist in the diagnosis of this diverse group of maxillofacial lesions.

Published by: Dr. Kajal Shilu, Dr. Parth RaviyaResearch Area: Oral Precancer And Cancer

Organisation: K M Shah Dental College and Hospital, Vadodara, GujaratKeywords: Fibroosseous lesions, Bony lesion, Fibrous dysplasia, Albright syndrome, Café u late spots

Review Article

15. The impacts of E-commerce on traditional business

Organizations have now been applying technologies based in the Internet, World Wide Web and wireless communications to transform their businesses for over 20 years since the creation of the first website. Deploying these disruptive digital technologies has offered many opportunities for innovative business to transform their services. The purpose of the paper is to study the benefits of e-commerce and its impact on the traditional business.

Published by: Khwar Nyo OoResearch Area: E-commerce

Organisation: University of Computer Studies, Yangon, MyanmarKeywords: E-Commerce, Advantage, Needs, Impact

Research Paper

16. Analysis of page replacement algorithms using C++

Page replacement algorithms are important of virtual memory management and it helps the operating system to decide which memory page can be moved out making space for the currently needed page. Whenever a process refers to a page that is not present in memory, a page fault occurs. Each algorithm has the objective to minimize the number of page faults. With minimum page faults, the performance of the process is increased. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the three algorithms via. First in First out(FIFO), Least Recently Used(LRU) and Optimal Page Replacement(OPT) is implemented using C++ programming. We will present implementation of three algorithms and compare their performance on generated virtual traces.

Published by: Aye Aye ChoResearch Area: Operating System

Organisation: University of Computer Studies, Yangon, MyanmarKeywords: Page fault, Page replacement algorithms

Research Paper

17. Why should public opinion matter in a country?

This research paper is going to focus on public opinion and why it should be matter in a country when we speak about public opinion the first thing which comes to our mind is thoughts and point of views of public as a whole on a particular topic when there is no public in a country it cannot be called a country and for the decisions that a country take the opinion of public is way too much necessary. This research paper will examine that how the public opinion varies differently from country to country and how its criteria change from place to place people to people. The research paper is totally a work of doctrinal method which drawn up various major points about public opinion this paper is going to cover the major points of characterization like meaning of the public opinion, process of public opinion that how the people tend to speak, why it matters in a country, fundamental concepts like types of public opinion its characteristics its examples and the evolution and history the paper also going to cover the importance of public opinion and mainly article 19 freedom of speech and expression s highlight which is related to this.

Published by: Radhika PetheResearch Area: Political Science

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Public opinion , Culture, Social activism

Research Paper

18. Right to freedom of religion

The flexibility of religion does not imply that each individual can do what he feels under the shroud of the religion. It doesn't imply that the religion is wild, free. The composer of the Constitution given some limitation on the flexibility of religion, with the goal that the profitable right of the opportunity of religion may not be abused. This flexibility is to be guaranteed in an adjusted way so as not to jeopardize the security and prosperity of the general public, the support of which is the right of the State for the best possible development and the advance of the general population. Thus, Constitutions give additionally the ability to direct and even to limit this flexibility. As the establishing fathers were composing the Constitution, they trusted that administration should have been mainstream so as to keep the peace between religious groups, and they put forth an admirable attempt to make a statement with no religious desires. “Right to freedom of religion is not only a right guaranteed by the constitution but also at the same time is a duty expected to be followed, for the betterment and overall growth of the society.”

Published by: Sweekriti NakhatResearch Area: Constitutional Law

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Flexibility, Shroud, Constitution, Jeopardize, Religion, Administration, Prosperity, General Public.

Research Paper

19. International trade restricted or encouraged

This paper focuses on the study of international trade its trade relations and mainly it should be encouraged more or should be banned. So my aim to do this research is I want to find that how international trade helps positively and why sometimes it needs to be banned. This paper examines international trade in India and all the trade relations with other countries. I have used doctrinal research methodology for my research and drew up major research questions about the international trade which I would be answering in the whole research paper. The major points I am covering will be what are the trade relations, types of international trade, how globalization has affected trade, the meaning of trade flow, should nations trade with other countries or not? And the main focus will be on the drawback of trade and advantages of trade and the debate between them. I will also mention how the international trade came into existence i.e evolution of international trade and its importance.

Published by: Radhika PetheResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: International trade, Importance, Restricted or encouraged

Research Paper

20. Role of society to help abusive child and its rehabilitation

Child abuse is mischief to, or neglect of, a child by an additional person, whether adult or child. Child abuse happens in all cultural, national, and income groups. There are four main types of abuse: neglect, physical abuse, emotional abuse and sexual abuse. Ill-treatment may cause serious injury to the child and may even result in death, there is very little research done in this area in India. Increasing amount of studies are focusing on lookout events, slight inflicted injuries noticed by a physician and/or parent(s) that initially are not considered a form of child maltreatment, but eventually, with continued abuse, are diagnosed as child abuse. Intervention in child ill-treatment include the search of child abuse reports by state child protection agencies, clinical treatment of physical and mental injuries, family counseling, self-help services, the provision of goods and services such as homemaker or respite care, legal action against the person responsible for, and removal of the child or the crook from the home, and in this how society can help abusive child and its family?

Published by: Ritika SahuResearch Area: Legal Education

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Child abuse

Research Paper

21. Preferences for designing techniques and features to make innovative articles

People in the fashion world are always looking for new things, fashion designers all over the world are in a continuous search for new varieties, new color combinations, textures, blends, styles, designs etc. Innovative designs can be developed by incorporating various designing techniques and its combination. Self- structured choice index was prepared to know the preferences for the designing techniques and features. Frills through gathers and pleats were most preferred for decorating the article. Patchwork used as a designing technique for making a new article from discarded garments scored highest.

Published by: Priyanka, Nirmal Yadav, Krishna Khambra, Nisha AryaResearch Area: Clothing And Textiles

Organisation: Government College For Women, Narnaul, HaryanaKeywords: Designing, Innovation, Designing features

Research Paper

22. Formulation and invitro evaluation of colon targeted S.R. tablets of Fenoprofen using novel natural gums

Colon targeted drug delivery system is capable of protecting the drug in route to the colon i.e. drug release and absorption does not occur in the stomach and small intestine but only released and absorbed once it reaches the colon. Fenoprofen tablets were prepared by wet granulation Technique using different ratios of Fenoprofen with polymers like dikamali gum, karaya gum, gum kondagogu, okra gum, and Eudragit RL100. In the present study, the sustained release tablets were prepared with hydrophilic polymers like gum dikamali along with other natural polymers. Gum dikamali is Gardenia gummifera belonging to the family Rubiaceae, are medium-sized trees growing all over India. The gum-resin oozing out from the leaf buds of these trees is called Dikamali gum. The natural polymer selected for the present study was Dikamali which is a hydrophilic matrix forming agent. Eudragit RL 100 was used as a polymer for targeting the drug to the colon. The in-vitro drug release studies showed that the drug release was sustained in a better way in the colon for 24hours with dikamali gum in combination with other natural polymers. In-vitro dissolution studies of fenoprofen tablets revealed that the formulation F19 containing dikamali gum as a polymer shows maximum drug release at the end of 24hours when compared with the other formulations. Drug release kinetics of the optimized formulation states that the formulation F19 follows zero order drug release with fickian diffusion mechanism.

Published by: K. L. Deepthi, G. V. RadhaResearch Area: Targetted Drug Delivery Systems

Organisation: Sri Venkateswara College of Pharmacy, Etcherla, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Colon targeted drug delivery, Dikamali gum, Wet granulation, Natural polymers

Research Paper

23. Structural analysis and optimization of BIW A- pillar used in automobiles

Pillars are among the key components of automobiles. Pillars failure is one of the most common structural imperfection and causes overall structure failure. Since during operation Pillars are subject to various static and dynamic loads which alter the vehicle performance, however, increasing the durability of Pillar in automobiles is necessary. In this paper, a Structural Analysis is performed on Pillars of the automobile to obtain its characteristic by subjecting the Boundary conditions. The Analysis has been carried out in two phases i.e. modeling and structural analysis. Firstly Pillars of automotive are modeled with the help of CATIA and imported in ANSYS, in structural Analysis FEA of A-Pillar has been carried out with adopting different case study such as different material parameter etc. Results showed that both materials were almost identical and show good agreement with the experimental data which is stated in the literature.

Published by: Kishor S. Naik, Patil A. R.Research Area: FEA And Stress Analysis

Organisation: Sahyadri Valley College of Engineering & Technology, Rajuri, MaharashtraKeywords: A-pillar, Dent, Deformation, Quality feel, Composite reinforced.

Research Paper

24. Administration of justice in British settlement of The East India company before 1726

The researcher has done research on the topic of administration of justice in the British settlement of east India company before 1726. This paper was a focus on the Administration of Madras and the Administration of Bombay. In the administration of Madras, there are three stages are there- In the first stage, In this a court was established in the masulipatnam and they the case related to both civil and the criminal matters. In the Second stage, they identify the entire judicial administration of Madras and he introduced the working of courts. In the third Stages, there is an establishment of admiralty courts. In the administration of Bombay there are three stages- In the first stages- they frame laws and ordinances for the administration of the territory of Bombay. In the Second stages- Admiralty court was established in Bombay and they solve the cases related to civil and criminal. In the third stages, the English judicial system in Bombay has come again with the establishment of a court of judicature.

Published by: Ojasvi ChopraResearch Area: Social Science

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Administration of justice in Bombay and Madras


25. Juvenile delinquency and juvenile laws in India

Juveniles are those who are below the age of 18 or also termed as minors. Those criminal offenders who are minor, are termed as a juvenile. As juveniles are considered to be of light age and tender in nature and that they can be rehabilitated if given a chance and hence sections of Indian Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code does not apply on them. For the rehabilitation of such juveniles are given punishment according to the gravity of the crime committed and their mental element. In this paper, various factors affecting, types and causes behind juvenile delinquency have been discussed. Among various types of juvenile delinquency, there are minor violations, major violations, property violations, bodily harm addiction etc. Various acts as per the juveniles have been commenced which played an important role in juvenile justice. These acts are- Juvenile Justice Act, 1986, JJ Act, 2000, JJ Act, 2001, JJ Act, 2014, JJ Act, 2015. These acts have been enforced for the protection of juveniles and also for deciding their sentence accordingly, keeping in mind their age and gravity of the crime committed by them.

Published by: Pragya ShuklaResearch Area: Law

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Criminal offenders, Juvenile, Juvenile delinquency, Juvenile laws, Minors


26. Judicial activism: Critical analysis

This paper focuses on the study of the judicial activism. It is the use of judicial power to articulate and enforce what is beneficial for the society in general and people at large. Supreme Court despite its constitutional limitation has come up with flying colors as a champion of justice in the true sense of the word. JUSTICE, this seven letter word is one of the most debated ones in the entire English dictionary. With the entire world population being linked to it, there is no doubt about the fact that with changing tongues the definition does change. The judicial activism has touched almost every aspect of life in India to do positive justice and in the process has gone beyond, what is prescribed by law or written in black and white. The only thing the judiciary must keep in mind is that while going overboard to do justice to the common man, it must not overstep the limitations prescribed by sacrosanct i.e. The Constitution.

Published by: Shruti MittalResearch Area: Political Science

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Judicial activism, Judicial review


27. Positive impact of privatization on Indian economy

Privatization in generic terms refers to the process of transfer of ownership, can be of both permanent or long term lease in nature, of a once upon a time state-owned or public owned property to individuals or groups that intend to utilize it for private benefits and run the entity with the aim of profit maximization. In other words, it is a route from public or state ownership to private players or a group. From the other point of view, it is a strategy that provides advantages to a few at the price of many. However, this is always subjected to the circumstances involved. In this paper, the aim is to understand the major advantages of privatization in this country.

Published by: Shruti MittalResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Privatization, Indian economy, Impact

Research Paper

28. Application of MOORA and WSM method for supplier selection in manufacturing

The alternative supplier selection has been discussed for any supply chain management or for any organization to fulfill the customer need. Although there is a number of method for selection of a good supplier for any firm to get the best result, for the customer satisfaction and increase the productivity of any firm. But in this proposed research work, an application of MOORA and WSM method is applied for supplier selection. After application of MOORA and WSM method, a result is compromised or combined, Which is shown in a graph in result and discussion and discussed their result. And finally, the supplier selection alternative is Ranked.

Published by: Sanjay Kumar Dwivedi, Ashutosh DwivediResearch Area: Multi Criteria Decision Making Method

Organisation: Vindhya Institute of Technology and Science, Satna, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Supplier selection criteria, MOORA, WSM

Research Paper

29. The effectiveness of the “Nursing Interventional Package” on the management of pregnancy-induced hypertension for antenatal mothers

Pregnancy is being the most precious and very important time in every woman's life. But sometimes pregnancy is associated with complications. About 7–15 % of all pregnancies are complicated by hypertension. Pregnancy-induced hypertension is one of the leading causes of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. It can be managed by regular monitoring and educating mothers about self-care during pregnancy. Objectives: To develop, implement and assess the effectiveness of "Nursing Interventional Package on the management of pregnancy-induced hypertension" for antenatal mothers. Methods: Experimental research design was used and conducted in ANC OPD.The sample population was antenatal mothers attended ANC OPD. Purposive sampling technique was used to select antenatal mothers. Phase I: initial assessment was done by using an interview schedule and biophysical assessment. The clinical diary was given to each antenatal mother in both groups to record blood pressure, testing of urine for sugar and albumin, the presence of edema, daily fetal movement count. Phase II: Intervention– Experimental group: “Nursing Interventional Package on the management of pregnancy-induced hypertension” was implemented by educating antenatal mother individually with the help of a flash book. Phase III: Evaluation: Evaluation was done at the end of three months of enrollment. After intervention during first follows up, the statistically significant high percentage of subjects in the experimental group had normal blood pressure recording, regular exercise, dietary advice, keeping a record of daily fetal movement count, regular weight recording as compared to control group. During 2nd follow up, the statistically significant high percentage of subjects in the experimental group had regular exercise, dietary advice, keeping a record of daily fetal movement count, weight recording as compared to the control group. At final evaluation follow up, again the statistically significant high percentage of subjects in the experimental group had regular exercise, dietary advice, keeping a record of daily fetal movement count, weight recording and no edema. Results: Higher percent of subjects in the experimental group had gestational age more than 37 weeks, vaginal delivery, less perineal tear and normal blood pressure after delivery. Though, these differences were statistically not significant. There was a consistent improvement in 1st, 2nd and final evaluation follow up in terms of regular exercise, keeping a record of daily fetal movement count, regular weight recording, dietary advice as compared to the control group. A higher percentage of subjects in the experimental group had gestational age more than 37 weeks, better APGAR scores at 1 and 5 minutes, baby weight and healthy babies. Though, these differences were statistically not significant. Conclusion: Higher percent of subjects in the experimental group had gestational age more than 37 weeks, better APGAR scores at 1 and 5 minutes, baby weight and healthy babies.

Published by: Kumari Khushboo, Dr. Avinash Kaur Rana, Dr. Sushma Kumari Saini, Dr. Jaswinder Kaur KalraResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, ChandigarhKeywords: Antenatal Mother, Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension

Research Paper

30. QSort– Dynamic pivot in original Quick Sort

This Paper proposes an efficient Quick Sort algorithm for sorting a large array. Quick Sort has proved to be the fastest sorting algorithm used for sorting, making O (n log n) comparisons to sort n items. The proposed algorithm is based on a dynamic pivot selection to enhance the average case and eliminate the worst case behavior of the original Quick Sort. The suggested QSort is data-dependent to increase the chances of splitting the array into relatively equal sizes. The algorithm is smart enough to recognize a sorted array that doesn’t require further processing.

Published by: Nisha RathiResearch Area: Algorithm Analysis

Organisation: Acropolis Institute of Technology & Research, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Dynamic pivot selection, Quick sort, QSort, Median-of-Three rule, Median-of-Five rule

Research Paper

31. Monotheistic Concept in Islam and Sikhism: A Critical Comparison

The belief in a universal God is a common feature of almost all major religions of the world. This Supreme Divine authority is Omniscient, Omnipotent, Omnipresent, Eternal, Creator, Sustainer, Destroyer, Changeless, Merciful and the Judge. The clear concept of God paves the way to worldly pleasure and salvation in the hereafter. Both Islam and Sikhism believe in the concept of one God where God in Islam, generally known as- “Allah” and in Sikhism- “Waheguru”. Regarding the monotheistic idea sometimes it is considered that Islam has a great and strong influence on Sikhism. This paper is an honest and sincere effort to explain the concept of monotheism and oneness in Islam and Sikhism along with some clarification of the words and terms related with this idea as- Monotheism, Islam, and Sikhism etc. Some people think that Sikhism is an offshoot of both Islam and Hinduism. This article will show that Sikhism is itself a unique religion establishing some unique features. There is an effort to dispel misunderstanding and superstitious beliefs on the concept of God in both Islam and Sikhism and finally to establish peace and harmony among the followers of these two religions.

Published by: Md. Mohshin RezaResearch Area: Comparative Religion

Organisation: Department of World Religions and Culture, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, BangladeshKeywords: Allah, Attributes, God, Holy, Islam, Monotheistic, Oneness, Sikhism, Unity

Review Paper

32. Development of analytical method for assessment of liver based Ex-vivo metabolic profile of pazopanib

Drug biotransformation study is an integral part of preclinical screening for new drug candidates. This assessment usually involves both in vitro and in vivo models in animal species where the main pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and toxicological profile are investigated. Several in vitro models utilized in studying hepatic drug biotransformation. Such models which range from whole cell system (intact perfused liver, human hepatocytes culture, hepatic and transfected cell lines)to enzymes preparations (liver Microsomes, cytosolic and S9 fraction) are now increasingly applied for quantitative and qualitative assessment in preclinical drug development, post-approval routine checks, identification of metabolic determinant factor etc. A literature survey was done to study reported metabolites and metabolic pathway of pazopanib Ex-vivo protocol for metabolic assessment was developed after collecting the appropriate enzymatic fraction. RHPLC method was developed and validated for quantitation of pazopanib in presence of metabolizing enzymes. Microsomal fraction was isolated from goat liver obtained from slaughterhouse using centrifugation technique. A sample was incubated with pazopanib and also in the presence of microsomal enzyme inducer and inhibitor and sample withdrawn at different time interval were subjected to analysis by the developed HPLC method for detection of possibly formed metabolites. The developed chromatographic method will be a handy tool for assessment of quantitative formation as such metabolites and will help in metabolic stability for pazopanib.

Published by: Soham Ajit Shinde, Dr. N. M. BhatiaResearch Area: Analytical

Organisation: Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Pharmacy, Kolhapur, MaharashtraKeywords: Pazopanib, Metabolites, Liquid chromatography, Liquid chromatography and mass spectroscopy,Microsomal fraction


33. Comparative study- Direct democracy in Switzerland and indirect democracy in India

A democratic system gives people the ability to participate in the decision making (directly or indirectly) and that too without any pressure or influence. There have been different perspectives for the evolution of Democracy. One of them which is well known was that democracy came into existence after the cold war between USSR and America. The widest differentiation that intellectuals make between democracies is based on the nature of the representative government. The two main types of democracies are Direct Democracy and Indirect Democracy. Direct democracy means all legislative power lies in the hands of people. This kind of Government although sounds like an ideal form of government but is very difficult to implement especially in a country with a huge population. Indirect democracy has a bit different arrangement, in this democracy through the electoral process, one person or a group of people are elected and assigned the task of lawmaking decisions on behalf of the people who have chosen that person or group of people. Therefore, we can see that there are similarities between the two different system of democracy but when we examine both of them closely, it can be easily marked that they are very different from each other. Direct democracy gives full power to its people whereas in an indirect democracy people have the right to choose their representative but can’t interfere in the lawmaking the process as the representative’s work on law-making on behalf of people. Thus, both the democracies have their own positive and negative effects and there are certain conditions under which they can be implemented.

Published by: Rhea BanerjeeResearch Area: Law

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Rule by people, Direct and Indirect democracy, Evolution of democracy, Prevalence of democracy


34. Environment and role of women

Environment consists of the sum total of the stipulation that the individual receives from conception in the mother’s womb to death. The word environment has been derived from the French word ‘Environner’ meaning encircling or surrounding. With the environment, women have a close relationship. Women constitute half of the human capital in the world. In India, they are popularly termed as “Adhi –abadi” of the nation. Mostly in all the courtiers, only women have the primary responsibility for nutrition, child care and household management. In the developing countries, women play a major role as a farmer, animal tender, water and fuel collector etc. They are also active in environmental issues. Women have good knowledge of the use of local flora and fauna like herbal medicines, food, fuel etc. They play a vital role not only in the conservation of natural resources but also make a contribution to the economic development. If we try to find that who are more closely found to related in protection and conservation of the environment, it is the women. In everyday life, they are dealing with the environment. It is in their heart. In the present society environmental degradation is a burning issue. Our environment is degrading day by day because of so many reasons. Women can play a very positive role in the conservation of mother earth. It is a theoretical paper. In this paper women’s relationship with the environment, their role regarding environmental conservation is discussed.

Published by: Dr. Ritamoni DasResearch Area: Envirironment

Organisation: Raha College, Nagaon, AssamKeywords: Degradation, Environment, Awareness, Conservation

Research Paper

35. Article 44 uniform civil code

The researcher has done the research on the topic Article 44- uniform civil code. Article 44 of the Indian constitution provides that- “state shall Endeavour to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India”. This was the basic introduction of the UCC. Now the thing comes that although UCC is mentioned and provided in the constitution of India but whether it will be implemented or not. These major questions have no answers, which is becoming a major obstacle in its implementation. The uniform civil code has always empowers Indian women and their social status in the society. It includes that does the existence of uniform civil code is necessary for us. The various contradictions that are not allowing UCC to be implemented are summed up here. This research paper also contains that what are the major challenges, besides from political subject, does India face in implementing a uniform civil code for all religion or we can say that common personal laws for every religion.

Published by: Aanshi GurjarResearch Area: Constitution Law

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Uniform civil code, Article 44

Review Paper

36. Study the role of intermediaries in electronic marketplace

The advent of e-commerce is now having the opportunity to bypass distributors and trade directly with customers via a destination website and it also has the opportunity to reach customers through new B2B marketplaces and B2C consumer transaction. There is the opportunity to market its products through online intermediaries. This paper provides an analysis of the role of intermediaries in an electronic marketplace.

Published by: Daw Myo Myo KhinResearch Area: E-commerce

Organisation: University of Computer Studies, Hinthada, MyanmarKeywords: Intermediaries, E-commerce, Marketplace