Volume 4, Issue 6

Volume 4, Issue 6

June, 2019

Research Paper

1. Experimental study on the replacement of coarse aggregates with recycled hospital plastic waste in paver blocks

This paper aims to study the possibility of using recycled hospital plastic waste as a replacement of coarse aggregates in the manufacturing of paver blocks. Use of concrete paver block in road pavements is more common, which is a better option when compared to bitumen and gravel. The use of waste plastic in concrete pavement block is one of the solution to the environment and ecological issues associated with the use of plastics and the disposal of plastic waste from the hospital industry. This project aims to reduce the unit weight, cost of the block, and also to reduce the environmental pollution arising due to the disposal of hospital plastic. Here, various percentages of plastics were replaced for coarse aggregates in concrete, and the properties were found.

Published by: Athira M. Binu, Amrutha S. Vinod, Sethuraj P., Akil S.Research Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Vijnan Institute of Science and Technology, Ernakulam, KeralaKeywords: Paver blocks, Hospital plastic waste

Research Paper

2. Deepfakes : How a pervert shook the world

Recently a software has made it easy to create hyper-realistic face swaps in videos that leaves little-to-no traces of manipulation, in what is known as “deepfake” videos. Scenarios, where these AI manipulated/generated videos, are used for political distress, blackmail or even terrorism are easily envisioned as a near dystopia. This paper explores the various aspects of deepfake videos including its consequences and newly developed innovations in detecting deepfakes.

Published by: Ronit ChawlaResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Modern School, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Deepfakes, Deep, Fakes, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, Obama Fake, Deepfake Videos, Face Swap, Face app, Fake app

Research Paper

3. Panorama image processing system using Scale-Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT)

Image stitching is the process to generate one large panoramic image from collective relative image sequence without overlapping. Panoramic photo stitching is the process of combining multiple photographic images with overlapping fields of view to produce a panorama. The process to generate a panoramic view can be divided into three main components - image feature detection, image matching, and blending. Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) used to extract the features from the images and matching them which is a part of image registration. SIFT features are invariant to rotation, translation, image scaling and partially invariant to a 3D viewpoint, illumination changes and image noise. Image transformation is estimated using holography. Image blending technique is used to blend the images together to get a panoramic view. Main applications of panoramic view include creating a virtual environment for virtual reality, modeling the 3D environment using images acquired from the real world.

Published by: Nay Myo AungResearch Area: Computer Science

Organisation: Technological University, Mandalay, MyanmarKeywords: Panoramic, Image stitching, Feature detection, Image matching, Blending, SIFT

Research Paper

4. Dynamic sealing design for Wankel Engines

The development of the Wankel engine is mainly dependent on the solution of the apex and face seal. In the Wankel engine, one of the major disadvantages of power loss is the improper sealing between the rotor and cylinder wall. To overcome this problem we can use the following modified design of sealing. This dynamic seal provides efficient sealing and along with this, a modified lubrication system is also implemented which helps to prevent the burning loss of lubricating oil inside the cylinder. This two possible modification can help to get lower wear and tear of seals, lower exhaust emission gases and also it will help to prevent the loss of lubrication oil inside the engine.

Published by: Rushikesh Puranik, Aman AkotkarResearch Area: Automobile Engineering

Organisation: Automotive Research Association of India, Pune, MaharashtraKeywords: Wankel engine, Apex sealing, Lubrication, Rotor

Research Paper

5. Usage and satisfaction of electronic information resources available in the engineering college libraries of Chittoor district by the students and faculty members: A study

The present study deals with the usage and satisfaction of electronic information resources by the students and faculty members available in the engineering college libraries in Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh. A total number of 1900 questionnaires were distributed and filled-in questionnaires 1216 have been received. The study found that the majority of the respondents (29.3%) browse electronic information resources every day. The study reveals that majority of the respondents (50.8%) said that e-mail alerts from the Publishers/Distributors are the awareness factor for them. The study also found that the majority (66.6%) of the respondents are accessing e-journals frequently and 83.6% opined that the electronic information resources are most useful for their academic purpose.

Published by: M. N. Mythili RajyalakshmiResearch Area: Engineering College Libraries

Organisation: Dravidian University, Kuppam, Andhra PradeshKeywords: Electronic information resources, Respondents, Students, Faculty members engineering college libraries