Volume 4, Issue 3

Volume 4, Issue 3

March, 2019

Research Paper

1. A sociological study on changing family structure in Baramullah Kashmir

Globalization as a process is the outcome of various factors like technological, educational, economic, political and socio-cultural etc. It is a process of conversion of local or provincial things into global ones. With modern ways of life, our traditional values and norms lose their importance and new ideas, values and practices were added to society. Almost every institution in our social structure is affected by modernization and its agents. Change in the organ of society results in changing other institutions as well. Family as a fundamental unit witnessed dramatic changes over a period of time. The change in the rural settlement resulted in the change of the joint family system in our country. Family structure, size, the authority has been changing due to the impact of liberalization, privatization, and globalization in the entire world. In our country, the majority population still resides in the countryside but the family system has changed both in urban as well as rural areas of the country. The present paper will highlight the major alterations in the family system in Kashmir.

Published by: Zubair Ahmad Bhat, Dr. Rajshrishastri, Dr. Shashank Shekhar ThakurResearch Area: Baramulla Kashmir

Organisation: Barkatullah University, Bhopal, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Modernization, Family structure, Authority, Nuclear family

Research Paper

2. Terrorism and role of the United Nations

The purpose of this paper is to lay emphasis on the remarkable role of the United Nations in combating the global issue of terrorism. The United Nations Charter, 1945 aims to maintain international peace and security. To achieve this tremendous goal, the United Nations along with the peaceful partnership of Member States needs to address the alarming issue of terrorism. This work significantly takes into considerations the various attempts of the United Nations to combat terrorism. This includes the legal instruments to prevent terrorist acts, various resolutions passed by the United Nations Security Council and the United Nations General Assembly, UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force. The four pillars included in the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy have been dealt with in detail. Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force and its thematic Working Groups work for implementation of the Counter-Terrorism Strategy. These attempts by the United Nations are fruitful in knitting all nations together. In report A/71/858, released in 2017, the Secretary-General, António Guterres explores the outstanding role of the United Nations. The United Nations’ approach to addressing terrorism is very thorough and noteworthy. But, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive Convention to develop to clearly give a clear pathway to fight against terrorism. Terrorism, is an international problem cannot be solely solved by the United Nations. For this, all nations need to come together and develop strong judicial machinery. They should join hands with the United Nations system to support education, equality, human rights, and awareness.

Published by: Akash SinghResearch Area: International Law

Organisation: Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Terrorism, United Nations, Counter-terrorism strategy, International law, Global issue

Case Study

3. A recent case reports on unfamiliar Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease

Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease (KFD) also known by a name called Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis. It is very rare, non-cancerous and self-limiting Auto-Immune disease but most suspected as to be cancer, tuberculosis and systemic lupus erythematosus. It has symptoms such as cervical lymphadenopathy (enlargement of lymph nodes), low fever, headache, fatigue, night sweats, and muscles pain. It typically affects young females aged between 20-35 years and it mostly affects Asian populations. The correct identification of KFD is characterized by Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology by taking a blood sample from the swollen lymph node. Diagnosis is also possible with Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy. Treatment for this disease has not been established. Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs or steroids are in use to ease tenderness of lymph node and fever.

Published by: Jasleen Kaur, Atif Khurshid Wani, Bijay Kumar Yadav, Bhuban SubediResearch Area: Biotechnology

Organisation: Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, PunjabKeywords: Kikuchi Fujimoto disease, Cervical Lymphadenopathy, Histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Lympho-histiocytic

Research Paper

4. An effective approach of semantic analysis to natural language translation system (English-Myanmar language)

English is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world these days. Most of the commercial websites are also being designed in English language. So, we need a language translation system to understand all websites and all information from the internet. This paper is one part of the English-Myanmar Machine Translation system. In our system, tagged English text is accepted as input. Firstly, these tags are tokenized. Each phrase is tokenized. The structure is basically a list of tokens. The linguistics clues are normalized. And then dictionary look up is performed. The guessing process is applied. Since the files are sorted according to alphabetically, required information can be searched quickly with a binary search. The dictionary-based translation technique produces one or more translation terms in the target language for each term in the source language. We propose a method called word sense disambiguation to solve the ambiguity of words. By using this technique and bilingual lexicon, the system may retrieve correct translated words.

Published by: Tin Htar Nwe, Phyo Phyo WaiResearch Area: Natural Language Processing

Organisation: University of Computer Studies, Magway, MyanmarKeywords: Language translation, Machine translation, Word sense disambiguation, Bilingual lexicon


5. A study to assess the knowledge about disaster preparedness among inhabitants in a selected urban area, Bangalore, with a view to develop an information booklet

Background Disasters in modern times have transcended borders of nations and class and have a devastating impact in terms of human and material losses. As the recent tsunami demonstrated, disasters can take diverse regions unawares and wreak havoc on a hapless populace. Global initiatives for disaster preparedness and reduction should, therefore, be given the highest priority by the international community.

Published by: Ceeba FrancisResearch Area: Community Health

Organisation: Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research University, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Knowledge, Disaster, Disaster preparedness, Community inhabitants, Information booklet

Case Study

6. Observation on vascular malformation in respect of sclerotherapy as a treatment of choice

Vascular malformations are a vast group of congenital malformations that are present at birth and can affect any type of vessels like artery, vein, and lymphatics. These malformations can cause pain, pressure, and cosmetic annoyance as well as downturn growth and development in a child in the case of high flow. Sclerotherapy has become an important tool in the treatment of vascular malformations. However, little is known about the success rate of sclerotherapy. In this study, the efficiency of sclerotherapy in the treatment of vascular anomalies was investigated retrospectively in 36 patients treated at Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna between May 2017 to December 2018. Results: Out of the 36 patients investigated, 94% (34) had Venous Malformations (VMs) and 6% (2) were defined as having arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Out of all VMs cases 2(6%) VMs patients were operated. Hence 88% (32) of patients with a VMs received significant relief solely from sclerotherapy. The duration of treatment for the 6 % of the VM patients that needed a surgical procedure was prolonged by 5-7months. Sclerotherapy is an effective treatment modality for VMs with a satisfactory clinical response in 88% of cases.

Published by: Ravindra Prasad, Arvind Kumar, Ashutosh Kumar, Vishal KumarResearch Area: Surgery

Organisation: Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna, BiharKeywords: VMs (Venous Malformation) CVMs (Congenital Veous Malformation), Sclerotherapy

Research Paper

7. Knowledge, attitude, and practice on 3D printing among orthodontist in India – An online questionnaire study

The aim of this paper is to assess Knowledge, attitude, and practice on 3D printing among orthodontist in India. Orthodontists who were registered in Indian Orthodontic Society and practicing in India were included in this study. A survey google forms online tool was utilized in this study. Responses which were received by the orthodontists were included for evaluation. Amongst 2200 orthodontists only 800 orthodontists responded to the questionnaire. A total of 89% of respondents indicated that they heard of 3D printing used specifically for Dento maxillofacial region. A total of 83% practitioner think 3D printing has advantages over other Digital Imaging Modalities and 47.5% used 3D printing in clinical orthodontic practice as a diagnostic tool. The present study shows better awareness of 3D printing among orthodontist and this study suggests that more knowledge should be gained on this emerging new technology for better diagnosis and treatment planning.

Published by: Dr. Maitry Parikh, Dr. Narayan Kulkarni, Dr. Margi ParikhResearch Area: Dentistry

Organisation: K M Shah Dental College and Hospital, Vadodara, GujaratKeywords: 3D printing, Attitude, Knowledge, Orthodontist, Practice, Questionnaire

Research Paper

8. Personalized interface agent for online book shop

This paper, we describe the application of a personalized interface agent for online book shops. Nowadays, due to the huge amount of information on different media, there is a serious overload problem. Users do have a lot of information but they do not have any tools that allow them to classify it and find what they exactly need. Agent technology can be used to overcome information overloading problem. Agents help the user to retrieve information from the World Wide Web. Agents is a software program that uses Artificial Intelligence. This system is intended to develop an interface agent that performs interaction between the user and online book shops. The system is also intended to develop a personalized agent that can perform searching, filtering and displaying customized information for each user autonomously.

Published by: Khin Lay Myint, Aye Aye ChoResearch Area: Artificial Intelligence

Organisation: University of Computer Studies, Hinthada, MyanmarKeywords: WWW, Information filtering, Searching, Interface agent

Research Paper

9. Effectiveness of Helfer skin tap technique on pain reduction during intramuscular injection among infants

Pain is a major source of distress for children and their families as well as health care providers. Skin tapping (Helfer skin tap technique) is one of the methods which keeps the muscles relaxed and thus reduce pain while administering IM injection. The objectives of the study are to assess the pain level among infants during intramuscular injection both control and experimental group. To find out the effectiveness of Helfer skin tap technique in the experimental group and to associate the pain score with demographic variables. Methods Quasi-experimental design used in this study Comprised of 60 infants selected by purposive sampling technique, 30 in experimental & 30 in the control group came in Immunization clinic in IGMC & hospital, Shimla. HSTT used in experimental group & routine technique in the control group. The pain was assessed by the FLACC pain scale. Results: The result revealed that 66.7 % of the infants in the experimental group had mild pain, only 23.3% perceived moderate and no any one perceive severe pain during IM injection by using Helfer skin tap technique. 40 % of the infants in the control group had severe pain, 46.7% perceived moderate pain, only 13.3% perceived mild pain during IM injection by using a routine technique. The present study findings supported that there is a significant difference in pain score in the IM administration with Helfer skin tap technique. The conclusion of the study proved that Helfer Skin Tap Technique was effective than the Routine Technique in administering IM Injections. It was concluded that the perception of pain intensity is less when intra muscular injection is administered by using Helfer Skin Tap Technique. It works on a theoretical basis such as gate control theory.

Published by: Parvati NegiResearch Area: Medical

Organisation: Akal College of Nursing, Eternal University, Baru Sahib, Himachal PradeshKeywords: Helfer skin tap technique, Immunization room, Infants age (1-6) months


10. Study on water table contour map and hydrological study on Erode using GIS

Water table contour lines (or flow lines) are similar to topographic lines on a map. They essentially represent "elevations" in the subsurface. These elevations are known as the hydraulic head. Water table contour lines can be used to tell which way groundwater will flow in a given region. Lots of wells are drilled and the hydraulic head is measured in each one. Water table contours are drawn that join areas of the equal head. These water table contours lines are also called equipotential lines. The map of contour lines is called a flow net. Groundwater always moves from an area of the higher hydraulic head to an area of the lower hydraulic head, and perpendicular to equipotential lines. In our project, we implement the concept of water table contour map and hydrological studies on Erode district using GIS software which plays a vital role in the latest technology.

Published by: Janagan S. S., Hemaragini T.Research Area: Environmental Engineering

Organisation: Gnanamani College of Engineering, Namakkal, Tamil NaduKeywords: Water table, Contour map, GIS, Erode district, Tamil Nadu


11. Study of carbon capture and sequestration techniques-modelling

Carbon dioxide is the primary anthropogenic greenhouse gas. India’s CO2 emissions are expected to extend 70% by 2025. Geologic carbon storage (GCS) offers a way to reduce CO2 emission. Global climate change results in an urgent need for countries governments to reduce their carbon footprints by adopting sustainable development methods. To mitigate this devastating effect of global warming, the CO2 is captured from industrial utility and compressed either in supercritical form or sub-cooled liquid form for underground storage. We have adopted an air contactor design model with some modifications. Air capture plant is fabricated using heat resistance glass. Based on the experimental studies, chemical solutions are used to capture the CO2. The basic reaction of these solutions with the CO2 present in the air is discussed in our study. The reaction of hydrated oxide with air captures the CO2 as carbonate resolution by scouring techniques. Then the combined reaction of hydrated oxide and slaked lime leaves precipitates of carbonate. NaOH is redirected to air-contactor for any production of carbonate resolution. The comparative efficiency of Carbon dioxide capture will be analyzed using primarily based chemicals like sodium hydroxide (NaOH), calcium hydroxide (CaoH2).

Published by: Sowmiya M., Saravanakumar K., Vignesh B.Research Area: Environmental

Organisation: Gnanamani College of Engineering, Namakkal, Tamil NaduKeywords: Carbon dioxide, Global warming, CO2 emission, Geological carbon storage, Design model, Removal efficiencies

Research Paper

12. World Health Organization

The world health organization serves as a key employer to carry together expert along the continuum of vaccine development and regulatory approval, among its other features. Using the revision of whose tips on prophylactic human papillomavirus vaccine for instance, we describe the process by which 1) need to revise the suggestion was diagnosed 2) A collection of stakeholder with complementary expertise and key question has been diagnosed 3) a systematic evaluate turned into carried out 4) consensus on revision become carried out Updating the pointer will now boost up vaccine development, lessen costs of medical trial, and cause faster regulatory approval

Published by: Suraj Kaushik, Khaleeq AhmadResearch Area: Law

Organisation: Law College, Dehradun, UttarakhandKeywords: Law, Health, Disease, Resources

Technical Notes

13. Creating agricultural climatic condition

Nowadays food production is a major concern. The prices of off-season vegetables & fruits are increasing day by day just because of storage & poor production due to which quality also degrades. This project comes with an idea of the production of vegetation during the off-season. We are offering all the required factors for proper agriculture even in the off-season. It will be a revolution in agriculture which can serve the increasing population with quality assurance at cheaper rates. As it is very clear from the title i.e. “CREATING AGRICULTURAL CLIMATIC CONDITION”, we are dealing with the climatic condition which is not favorable for the desired crop. Such an environment will be created which helps the crop to grow naturally even in the off-season. Mainly work has been done on three factors, those are moisture content in the soil, temperature & light. The whole setup is fully automated which is useful as well as eco-friendly.

Published by: Tushar Bhardwaj, Rakesh Kumar Kushwaha, Vikash Tiwari, Vishal Kumar Jayaswal, Prashant Patel, Saroj KumarResearch Area: Modern Agriculture

Organisation: IMS Engineering College, Ghaziabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Food production, Agriculture, climatic condition

Case Study

14. Going an extra mile for a perfect aesthetic smile – A case report

Traumatic injuries to the anterior tooth are the most common finding in the day to day practice with the incidence of complicated crown fractures ranging from 2% to 13% of all dental injuries. The most commonly involved tooth is maxillary central incisor leading to damage of the crowns. Different treatment approaches are indicated for the management of fractured teeth, depending on their location. More difficulties are always faced when the fracture line extends below the bone level, orthodontic extrusion or surgical extrusion remains as a treatment option. Though orthodontic extrusion is an ideal approach, sometimes due to limitations of time or unavailability of the patient for a longer period of time, we have to opt for the surgical extrusion. So here is the case with traumatic anterior tooth managed with surgical extrusion.

Published by: Dr. Priyanka Desai, Dr. Nimisha Shah, Dr. Sankalp Mahajan, Dr. Neel ShahResearch Area: Endodontics

Organisation: K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Vadodara, GujaratKeywords: Crown fractures, Dental trauma, Orthodontic extrusion, Surgical extrusion

Research Paper

15. Effective performance of hidden Markov model for epidemiologic surveillance

The public health surveillance system is one of the most important for the detection of the seasonal influenza epidemic. We introduced different kinds of surveillance data for early detection of a disease outbreak. Hidden Markov model has been recognized as an appropriate method to model disease surveillance data. In this work, we proposed a hidden Markov model (HMM) to characterize epidemic and non-epidemic dynamic in a time series of influenza-like illness incidence rates and presents a method of influenza detection in an epidemic. ILI is defined as an illness marked by the presence of a fever ( 100.5℉ or greater ) and either a cough or sore throat within 72 hours of ILI symptom onset, or physician-diagnosed ILI. ILI incidence rate is based on surveillance data and activity state. HMMs have been used in many areas, including automatic speech recognition, electrocardiographic signal analysis, the modeling of neuron firing and meteorology. A two-state HMM is applied on incidence time series assuming that those observations are generated from a mixture of Gaussian distribution. Bayesian inference method is calculated to obtain the probability of an epidemic state and non-epidemic state every week. The various influenza dataset applied the methodology.

Published by: Hla Hla MyintResearch Area: Engineering and Technology

Organisation: Universities of Computer Studies, Magway, MyanmarKeywords: Hidden Markov model, Influenza, Epidemics


16. Study on artificial groundwater recharge zone on Karur city using GIS

Groundwater recharge is a basic pre-requisite for efficient groundwater resource development and management, which is particularly vital for India with a widely prevalent semi-arid and arid climate. To provide scientifically, appropriate locations for constructing artificial recharge structures, each hydro-geomorphic unit will be evaluated for its recharge potential and suitably a map showing such groundwater recharge potential zones for appropriate recharge will be prepared. Using remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS) it is possible to take a number of different thematic maps of the same area and overlay them on top of one another to form a new integrated layer. To identify the groundwater recharge potential zones, to be used for better and improved groundwater resources. A case study was conducted to find out the groundwater potential zones in Karur District.

Published by: Soundhirarajan K., Aravindh A.Research Area: Environmental

Organisation: Gnanamani College of Engineering, Namakkal, Tamil NaduKeywords: Groundwater recharge potential zone GIS Karurdistrict Tamilnadu

Research Paper

17. Impact of educational debt on students and their career choices

Nearly all the developed and developing economies worldwide are experiencing an all-time in educationally related debts. College debt is taken for undergraduate and postgraduate courses. The problem at hand was the impact of the educational debt of a graduate on his/her career options. There existed a gap between why and should students be forced to work halfway through education to repay the debt acquired for the previous course. As per the analysis students scoring 75%-90% marks in school as it is believed that students who score exceptionally well get scholarships as to attract them to a particular university, thus reducing the need to finance a college education. Three types of courses were considered under the boundary of research that are management courses, technical/engineering courses, Medical/doctorate courses This is a big problem in America, 44 million American students hold nearly $1.5 trillion education debt that amounts to $37157 per student while on the contrary a total of Rs. 48416 Crore is what Indian students hold over a spread of 2481000 accounts and do this ever increasing figure the repayments are also getting affected

Published by: Amol Batra, Sanchit Agarwal, Daksh Arya, Nicolas FernandoResearch Area: Students Studying On Debt ( Delhi,Mumbai,Pune)

Organisation: SVKM's Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Education, Educational debt, Student finance, Loan, Education fund

Case Study

18. Implementation of fuzzy and PID Controller to water level system using LabVIEW

The paper is about the water level control system which is required in many industrial processes like water treatment plant, the idea of the process is to keep the tank water level at the desired set point. First, we implemented the conventional Proportional – Integral Derivative (PID) controller to eliminate the steady state error, then it was used Fuzzy logic controllers which gives more performance and stability. It is noted from the results that the Fuzzy Logic controller is more enhanced than PID controller in which its no overshoot, faster settling time, better-set point tracking and produced lower performances like Integral of Time and Absolute Error (ITAE) integral of Time and Squared Error (ITSE), and Integral Absolute Error (IAE), Integral Squared Error (ISE). Both PID and fuzzy controller are implemented using LabView software

Published by: Ajeeth Balaji P. S., P. Preethi, S. Kavya Priya, MathumithaResearch Area: Controller

Organisation: Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore, Tamil NaduKeywords: Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) controller, Fuzzy controller, LabView