Volume 3, Issue 8

Volume 3, Issue 8

August, 2018

Research Paper

1. Issues of health and nutrition in India

Today national and international level issues concern to child and women health, Child infant mortality and maternal mortality ratio very serious problem in India. India is one of them where world's 50 percent maternal death's 17 percent about 50,000 only in India. It shows the worst condition of India compares to some South Asian countries. Infant mortality rate also very high in India India's major states compare to BIMARU stats worst condition. So need to improvement Maternal and child health. Because of maternal and child health investment beneficial for the present generation and long-term for future. The invest in children health, nutrition which is founder stone of national development. Investment in women health very necessary development "The human race is two winged bird, One wing is female the other wing is male, unless both wings are equally development, the human race will be able to fly, Now, more than ever, the cause of women and the causes of mankind" -Boutros Boutros Ghali erstwhile Secretary General of the United Nation.

Published by: Ram GopalResearch Area: Social Economics

Organisation: University of Lucknow, Lucknow, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Maternal, Mortality, Child, Women, Health, Nutrition, BIMARU, India, South-Asia

Research Paper

2. The effective role of power point presentation in language teaching

In today’s education arena the effect of technology is making a lasting impact in achieving the goals of education. Students of today are not like their counterparts of yesterday in terms of seeking knowledge and learning more. Their eagerness has been multiplied in producing Indian masterminds like Sunder Pitchai touching the glory of power and prosperity. In the bygone days of Guru Kula, a teacher with limited knowledge. Teaching with a handful of students this cannot be followed or adopted today just clicking a mouse will get you accessibility of the whole world of updated information. So modern teacher is expected to use modern methodology with technical prowess in their teaching-learning process. Polytechnic college teachers should not shun Leaner-Centred education and instructional based teaching. The PPT considered being an effective tool to achieve the pools of education.

Published by: P. MadhavanResearch Area: English Language Teaching

Organisation: Department of English, Sankar Polytechnic College, Tirunelveli, TamilnaduKeywords: Powerpoint presentation, Arena

Review Paper

3. Pre-Engineered Building– A New Trend Of Industrial Building

The concept of Pre-Engineered Building (PEB) has emerged tremendously after the initiation of various government schemes such as Make In India, Smart City Initiative and with increased approval from the FDI’s demand for infrastructures. These kinds of buildings provide the required section as per the optimum requirement based on the bending moment. This method has pre-fabricated steel components that are assembled on the site and is lightweight and economical. Times being the controlling factor, the pre-fabricated steel structures are erected in less time and with ease.

Published by: Manali Madhav Kumthekar, U. L. DeshpandeResearch Area: Civil Engineering

Organisation: Government College of Engineering, Karad, MaharashtraKeywords: Pre-fabricated, Pre-engineered building

Research Paper

4. Impact of Andhra Pradesh Grameena Vikas Bank on beneficiaries in Paderu block of Vishakhapatnam district (A.P.)

The present investigation was undertaken on Andhra Pradesh Grameena Vikas Bank (APGVB) in Paderu block of Vishakhapatnam District, Andhra Pradesh State. A total of 120 members were selected as respondents out of which 60 respondents were beneficiaries and 60 respondents were non-beneficiaries. The primary data was collected from respondents through pre-tested interview schedule. It was found that most (41.66%) of the beneficiaries are having a medium level of socio-economic status while most (40.00%) of the non-beneficiaries are having low levels of socio-economic status. The bank helps in the improvement of the socio-economic status of the beneficiaries.

Published by: Lonja Bhavigna, Syed H Mazhar, JahanaraResearch Area: Agriculture Extension

Organisation: Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Beneficiaries, Non-beneficiaries, Socio-economic status, Andhra Pradesh Grameena Vikas Bank (APGVB)


5. Doctrine of subrogation and its uses in contract of gaurantee

This research includes the aspects related to the subrogation and its uses in the contract of guarantee. This research widens the topic form its origin to its uses in the contract of guarantee and contract of indemnity. Subrogation is the right of the surety to get back his money from the principle debtor.

Published by: Nishi BhandariResearch Area: Law

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Subrogation, Gaurantee, Surety

Review Paper

6. Distributed Database and the reliability problem in Distributed Database System

The main purpose of this paper is to present the Distributed Database approach and identify the Distributed Database problems. The reliability of a distributed database system is a program which runs on multiple processing elements and needs to communicate with other processing elements for a remote database will be executed successfully. The database is a collection of data describing the activities of one or more related organizations with a specific well-defined structure and purpose. A database is controlled by a Database Management System (DBMS) by maintaining and utilizing a large collection of data. A distributed database system is a kind of partnership among the individual local DBMSs at the individual local sites, this maintains the reliability and availability of the data. A distributed database is a collection of sites, connected together via some kind of communication network, in which each site is a full database system site in its own right. But the sites have agreed to work together so that any site can access data anywhere in the network exactly as of the data were all stored at the user’s own site. In the paper, I study the various reliability problems areas in a distributed database system such as update propagation, replication control, concurrency control etc. This paper also presents the advantages and disadvantages of the distributed database system. The main purpose objective of Distributed database stored the data where it is required.

Published by: Aye Mon WinResearch Area: Database Management System

Organisation: University of Computer Studies, Hinthada, MyanmarKeywords: Distributed database, Reliability, Availability, Fragmentation, Replication, Update propagation, Concurrency control

Research Paper

7. Finding optimal route information and network analysis for emergency service

If the fire breaks out, it’s important to realize that the fire truck is reached to the right place being on fire with the right way as soon as possible. In this proposed system, NN Query method will be used to know the nearest fire station from the place being fire if the fire news comes to the station. Fire stations name, fire stations type, fire station address and latitude and longitude are stored in the spatial database. After getting the closed fire station, A* algorithm is used to calculate the optimal path. The shortest and the best way to go to the point is shown on drone map. The drone map of Meiktila region is used to create as base map in this paper.

Published by: Lei Lei WinResearch Area: Mandalay Division

Organisation: University of Computer Studies, Meiktila, MyanmarKeywords: GIS, Service area analysis, Shortest path analysis, A* algorithm, Drone Map, NN Query

Research Paper

8. Build up cloud computing security using ID based cryptographical algorithms

So, the user uploads his confidential data over the cloud platform and definitely, he expects it to be transmitted in a secure way with no interruptions and for this to take place, the data should be transmitted through a secure channel. There are solutions to this already, for instance, Diffie Hellman Algorithm but there are problems with this too, even though it uses Discrete Logarithm method which can only decrease the chances of getting attacked. One of the main drawbacks of this algorithm is that it doesn’t establish the identity of the other party, making it susceptible to a man-in-the-middle attack (meaning the information shared between two parties is accessible to a third party). On the 9th of June, CERT-EU published an advisory concerning the Logjam attack which is a man-in-the-middle attack, again. Basically, this paper addresses the possible solution that could be provided for a much secure information exchange.

Published by: Manogya PulivendalaResearch Area: Information Security

Organisation: Keshav Memorial Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, TelanganaKeywords: AES, DES

Research Paper

9. Hike in prices of petrol and its impact on demand and supply

This paper includes the economic study of demand and supply related to the petroleum consumption all over India. In economics, we study that the demand for the resources are more than their availability which means ‘resources are less and wants are unlimited’. Here, this research paper includes the factors which affect the demand and supply of oil and petroleum consumption. And how does change in prices affect the demand and supply of petroleum products. The industry related to this sector pays the huge taxes and are all connected through the OPEC. The OPEC that is Organization of Petrol Exporting Countries is the cooperation of the countries which supplies the oil in different countries. The interference of the government in the market of the petroleum plays an important role with the working of the opposition parties with it. The future of petroleum will be very disastrous and there will not be any petroleum product left for the welfare of the future.

Published by: Nishi BhandariResearch Area: Economics

Organisation: Indore Institute of Law, Indore, Madhya PradeshKeywords: OPEC, Petroleum


10. Assessment of knowledge regarding exclusive breastfeeding among primigravida and primipara mothers

ABSTRACT The first year of life of the baby is crucial in laying the foundation of good health Breastfeeding is the ideal method suited to the psychological and physiological needs of the infant. Breastfeeding provides numerous health benefits to both the mother and infant. Breast milk remains as an ideal nutritional source for the infant. Breastfeeding is an unequaled way of providing ideal food for the healthy growth and development of infants; it is also an integral part of the reproductive process with important implications for the health of mothers. Objectives of the study were as follows; 1. To assess the knowledge regarding exclusive breastfeeding among primigravida and primipara mothers 2. To find out the relationship between knowledge regarding exclusive breastfeeding and selected demographic variables. 3. To prepare a self-instructional module on exclusive breastfeeding 4. To compare the knowledge of exclusive breastfeeding between primigravida and primipara mothers A descriptive survey research approach was adopted for the study. The research design used in my study was non-experimental, descriptive survey design. The study was conducted in antenatal and postnatal wards of W&C Hospital, Alappuzha. The population of the study was primigravida and primipara mothers admitted in W&C Hospital, Alappuzha. The sample size was 180. Sampling technique was convenience sampling. A structured interview schedule was used for collecting data which includes socio-demographic variables and knowledge assessment. The major findings of the study were that 62.78% of the mothers had poor knowledge regarding exclusive breastfeeding, 28.33% had the average knowledge, and 8.9% had good knowledge. There was a significant association of knowledge score with religion, education, employment, monthly income and previous information. There was no significant association of knowledge score with age, place of residence, type of family, and obstetrical score. There was no difference in knowledge among primigravida and primipara mothers The study concluded that the level of knowledge of primi mothers regarding exclusive breastfeeding was poor on the basis of findings. It is recommended that a similar study is replicated in another setting. It is also recommending that the effectiveness of self-instructional module can be assessed.

Published by: Chinchu MohanResearch Area: Nursing

Organisation: KVM College of Nursing, Cherthala, KeralaKeywords: exclusive breastfeeding


11. A study on problem faced by patients in private hospitals

This research study investigates various problems that are faced by patients in Private Hospitals, Ramanathapuram Taluk. Under the elaborated dimensional analyses, the study aims to identify the lack of facilities in private hospitals that adversely affect a patient’s health. A comprehensive survey was made of the hospitals situated in the research area through structured interview schedule in order to record the perception of respondents regarding health & financial problems in private hospitals. A sample of 250 respondent particularly patients were randomly selected in the Private hospitals. The data has been statistically verified in the KS (Kolmogorov Smirnov) test. It has been found that the problem faced by the patients in private hospitals on the basis of facilities and treatment provided by the health sector. This study suggests that the proper attention of provision of sound infrastructure, usage of medical equipment and cost consumed by the private hospitals.

Published by: Ratha K, Lakshmi PResearch Area: Healthcare Services

Organisation: Ponnaiyah Ramajayam Institute of Science and Technology, Madurai campus, Thanjavur, Tamil NaduKeywords: Health, Private hospital, Patient’s problems, Existing facilities in hospitals, Medical equipment

Research Paper

12. Using single walled nanotubes as battery electrodes and new methods to manufacture them

Pollution caused by vehicles has been a concern for a long time. Electric vehicles are considered a popular alternative, but the implicit pollution caused during the manufacture of their Li-ion batteries by the mining of graphite (to make electrodes) is ignored. Moreover, these batteries don't satisfy our requirement of power storage in EVs. Carbon nanotubes, which have exceptional strength and conductivity as an electrode material, have the potential to serve as the alternative. To implement CNT electrodes, we only need to find a better mechanism to manufacture them. In this paper, I explore the properties of carbon nanotubes as an electrode material for Li-ion batteries and some newly developed ways to manufacture them.

Published by: Abhinav AgarwalResearch Area: Science

Organisation: Modern School, Barakhamba Road, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Carbon nanotubes, Electric vehicles, Li-ion batteries, Electrodes, Graphene, Nanotube manufacturing, Chirality


13. A study on customer preference on the dairy products in Madurai district, Tamil Nadu

India, one of the developing economies where agriculture is a predominant occupation of the large number of masses. Agriculture in India is a gamble of monsoon. Though it provides employment to nearly 50% of population, the farmers are in plightful situations. The farmers are poor and debt ridden. They commit suicides as unable to cope up the adversaries of man and the nature. In such a scenario they need to have another option of earning. Dairy provide the way to come out from the adverse situations. In the present research article efforts are made to highlight the dairy business as one of the promising allied sector of agriculture.

Published by: Abinaya K, Santhi AResearch Area: Marketing

Organisation: Ponnaiyah Ramajayam Institute of Science and Technology, Thanjavur, Tamil NaduKeywords: Dairy product, Agriculture, Farmers

Research Paper

14. A study on the organizational effectiveness and academic achievement of secondary schools in Assam

The present study is an attempt to find out the relationship between organizational effectiveness and academic achievement. To study organizational effectiveness, descriptive survey method was used. A total of 100 (50 from government aided and 50 privately managed) teachers of the secondary school were taken as the sample on the basis of the purposive random sampling method. School Effectiveness Questionnaire (SEQ) developed by Baldwin et al. (1993) was used to collect the data. Karl Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient test was used to analyze the data. The findings of the study were i) There is a significant relationship between Organizational Effectiveness and Academic Achievement of secondary schools in Assam ii) There is a significant relationship between Organizational Effectiveness and Academic Achievement of Government aided secondary schools in Assam iii) There is significant relationship between Organizational Effectiveness and Academic Achievement of private secondary schools in Assam.

Published by: Bindia BhuyanResearch Area: Education

Organisation: Assam University, Silchar, AssamKeywords: Organizational effectiveness, Academic achievement government aided, Privately managed

Research Paper

15. Implementing the solar PV system in a pharmaceutical industry

Solar Energy a clean renewable resource with zero emission, has got the tremendous potential for energy which can be harnessed using a variety of devices. With recent developments in the solar energy field, solar energy systems are easily available for industrial and domestic use with the added advantage of minimum maintenance and cost. Solar energy could be made financially viable with incentives and rebates offered by the government. Most of the developed countries, as well as developing countries, are switching over to solar energy as one of the prime renewable energy sources. It is an important source of renewable energy and its technologies are broadly characterized as either passive solar or active solar depending on how they capture and distribute solar energy or convert it into solar power so as to minimize cost. Active solar techniques focus on the use of photovoltaic systems, concentrated solar power and solar water heating to harness the energy and use it efficiently. Passive solar techniques mainly focus on orienting a building to the Sun, selecting materials with favorable thermal mass or light dispersing properties, and designing spaces that naturally circulate air. This paper analyses the economic feasibility of investments in industrial PV systems. On Implementing the Solar PV system, highly encouraging results have been obtained.

Published by: Piyush Jain, S. C. Solanki, Ravi Nagaich, Pavan JainResearch Area: Energy Conservation

Organisation: Ujjain Engineering College, Ujjain, Madhya PradeshKeywords: Solar PV system, Renewable energy, System requirement

Research Paper

16. Replacement of sand by marble dust and furnace slag in pavement quality concrete of rigid pavement

The demand for usage of industrial by-products and wastes in road pavements is increasing and becoming more important. Government policies and public awareness are also contributing to the enhancement of both this demand and utilization. Various slags such as blast furnace and steel slag have been widely used in road pavements. Therefore, it could be possible to prevent the environmental pollution and to consume fewer natural resources as well through its utilization in increasing demand for road construction. The present study aims at developing pavement quality concrete mixtures incorporating marble dust and furnace slag as a partial fine aggregate replacement material. In this study, the use of marble dust and furnace slag by replacing sand in pavement quality concrete of rigid pavement s are reported and the effect on the slab thickness of PQC pavement for the achieved strength of the concrete mixtures incorporating marble dust and furnace slag has also been studied. The study shows that the marble dust cab be effectively replaced sand up to 15% and furnace slag can be used up to 20% as replacement of sand in PQC. The maximum flexural strength is achieved for the mix containing 10% marble dust and 10% furnace slag as partial replacements of sand. The flexural strength increase is significant for mixes containing marble dust and furnace slag, with a combination up to certain limits of 25 to 30% in development of pavement quality concrete.

Published by: Mubasir Baseer Zargar, Dr. Rakesh GuptaResearch Area: Haryana

Organisation: Shree Ram Mulkh Institute of Engineering and Technology, Panchkula, HaryanaKeywords: Pavement quality concrete (PQC), Dry lean concrete (DLC), Marble dust (MD), Furnace slag, Sand

Research Paper

17. A study on implementation of six sigma process in industry

This work is based on the study on Implementation of Six Sigma Process in Industry. Six Sigma is the one of the most powerful management tool used to achieve process excellence. It has been successful in many western companies; most of them are fortune 500 companies like GE, Motorola, and Ford. As Jack Welch, Ex- CEO of GE said, “Six Sigma is the most important initiative GE has ever undertaken. It is the part of the genetic code of our future leadership”, Six Sigma is now started becoming an important & popular tool to remove variation & to reduce defects from product, process & service. All over world organizations are implementing process excellence initiatives like Six Sigma to improve process & product quality. History of these process initiatives shows that the implementation of these initiatives is successful only in a few organizations. Many organizations in India are also implementing Six Sigma to Improve Business Processes. But geographical, cultural & work environmental differences influences this implementation process. An implementation strategy developed for Indian work environment will increase the effectiveness of Six Sigma in Indian Organizations. For this, a Six Sigma Implementation model exclusively developed for Indian Organizations considering the experiences of representative organizations is required. By using this model effectiveness of Six Sigma implementation in Indian Organizations will increase. The objective of this research is to develop a model for implementation of Six Sigma in Indian organizations. In this study, an emphasis is given on human angle in context with Indian Culture and work environment because experience shows that for implementation of any new initiatives in organizations, the success of implementation depends on soft skills of people of organizations. This is an exploratory research. The research methodology incorporated qualitative & quantitative research instruments. A comparison is done between various process excellence initiatives. An integrated methodology using the tools, techniques, and skills from lean principles and Six Sigma is necessary to optimize the business process. Lean focuses on process speed, and Six Sigma focuses on process quality. This combination is very useful for Indian organizations and used while developing the Implementation model in this research. In this research models developed are Indian organization and SIX SIGMA application, Implementation and Project and operation management through SIX SIGMA model. Validation of the model is done by comparing the internal customer satisfaction survey before and after implementing the model. Extensive data is gathered for this and analyzed. A full study from the particular organization is taken to check Six Sigma model implementation model. Best of the both lean and Six Sigma methodology is used while developing these models. These models can be effectively used to reduce the cycle time of the business process.

Published by: Gourav Kolhe, Vipul Upadhayay, Yogesh LadheResearch Area: Industrial Engineering And Management

Organisation: Shri Dadaji Institute of Technology & Science, Khandwa, Madhya PradeshKeywords: DAMIC, Kiezen, Kanban, Lean manufacturing, Productivity, Six Sigma concepts, TQM

Research Paper

18. Kurt Vonnegut a Post Modern- Genius excelling in Black humor

Kurt Vonnegut is a postmodern marvel. His heart-wrenching novel Slaughter house-5 is about World War II and its horrors, and how Kurt Vonnegut uses black humor to circumvent the tragic horror of war is the main theme of this article. It is an attempt to show that Kurt Vonnegut is a postmodern scribe employing all forms of satire especially grotesque humor which puts horror and humor side by side. This article tries to show that Kurt Vonnegut with his postmodern philosophy uses the conventional satirical tools like parody, irony and burlesque and the unconventional instruments like the black humor and Metalanguage. This article emphasizes his perspective on the ills of modern warfare and the socio-political injustices that are heaped upon the meek and the un-protesting common man on the street. We understand post structuralism and postmodernism are in fact two sides of a new critical literary thought. This article tries to show that Kurt Vonnegut may have a change of heart from being a mute spectator to man`s suffering to a difficult kind of literature which will have something to say against the destabilizing forces of nature. In this article, it is highlighted that the reader has a greater role to play in the text than the author himself as postulated by Barthe as ‘the death of the author.’

Published by: Kavya M., Dr. Ann ThomasResearch Area: Black Humor

Organisation: Madras Christian College, Chennai, Tamil NaduKeywords: Absurdity- futility, Horror- humor- horror, Grotesque humor, Subversion- degenerative literature, Meta language, Burlesque, Parody, Reflexivity

Research Paper

19. Effectiveness of origami on hospitalized anxiety among children

Play is vital for a child’s sensory, motor and cognitive development. Play is a diversional activity which reduces stress in children. Hospitalized children will regress with the skills that they had previously mastered. This concept helps to minimize the emotional trauma to the children and their parents for better adjustment during hospital stay. The study was quantitative research with an evaluative approach. The study was conducted in Pediatric ward of Sree Mookambika Medical College Hospital. Data collection period was one month. Population was hospitalized children. Samples were, children admitted in Pediatric ward, aged between 6-12 years. Purposive sampling technique was used to allocate children into experimental and control group. Sample size was 40 (20 children in each experimental and Control group). The tools used for data collection were demographic variables and Hospitalized Anxiety Assessment Checklist. The findings shows that, 18 (90%) children in the experimental group and 17 (85%) children in the control group had mild level of anxiety during post-test as when compared with the Pre-test. There is statistically significant difference between the pre-test and post-test level of hospitalized anxiety among experimental group and control group (p<0.05 level). There is statistically significant association between hospitalized anxiety and the selected demographic variables such as age and care taker of the child in experimental group and care taker of the child in control group.

Published by: Christy Susan Mathew, Daly Christabel H.Research Area: Nursing

Organisation: Sree Mookambika College of Nursing, Kulasekharam, Tamil NaduKeywords: Effectiveness, Origami, Hospitalized Anxiety, Children

Research Paper

20. Pre-and-post-donation hematological values in healthy donors undergoing plateletpheresis with fresenius.com.tec

The present prospective study was carried out in the department of transfusion medicine Forties Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi from Sep. 2011 to Feb 2012.the study was carried out with the aim to evaluate the effect of automated donation by fresenius.com.tec on the haematological values (HB, PLT count, WBC count, PDW,MPV) pre and post donation and to further evaluate the efficiency of platelet collection by fresenius.com.tec in terms of processing time, platelet yield, type of procedure(SN and DN)and ACD used. A total of 240 donors were subjected for apheresis out of these 229 are male donor and 11 were the female donors and 71 donors were subjected to the donation by SN procedure and 169 underwent donation by DN procedure. Majority of the donor (87%) was between the age group 18-40 years very few donors were (13%) observed between the age group of 41-60 years of age. Total of 240 donors were subjected for apheresis out of them 229 male (95%) donor and very few (5%) are the female donors. A total of 240 donors were subjected for apheresis out of them 71 underwent SN apheresis and 169 were subjected DN apheresis procedure. Majority of the donor (70.42%) underwent DN procedure. The majority of the donors were male in DN (99.41%) and in SN (85.92%) the female donor population was an (0.59%) in DN procedure and ( 14.08%) in SN procedure as inferred from above data the majority of donor for PHPL were male the percentage of female donor were a little more in SN procedure (14.08%) as compared to DN procedure. The mean platelet count before apheresis was 246 lac/ɥL with the range of 144-478 lac/ɥL and the mean platelet count after apheresis 172 lac/ɥL with the range of 53-367 lac/ɥL. The mean value of platelet count dropped significantly in post-donation. Similarly the mean Hb level before apheresis was 15 g/dl with the range of 12.5-20.9 g/dl and after apheresis 14 g/dl with the range of 10.2-19.5 g/dl the mean value of Hb dropped marginally in post-donation and the mean WBC count before the apheresis is 8 X 10³ /mm³ with the range of 3.9-15.1 X 10³ /mm³ and after apheresis it is 7 X 10³ /mm³ with the range of 3.8-15 X 10³ /mm³. There was no change in PDW and MPV before and after the apheresis. In SN procedure the mean platelet count pre-donation was 241.52 lac/ɥL with a range of 152-478 lac/ɥL the mean platelet count post donation was 169.59 lac/ɥL with a range 71-335 lac/ɥL the mean platelet count in DN procedure pre-donation was 247.88 lac/ɥL with range of 144-448 lac/ɥL and post-donation 173.50 lac/ɥL with range of 53-367 lac/ɥL the mean platelet count dropped significantly following apheresis procedure the mean platelet count between either of the procedure was not significantly different. In SN procedure the mean Hb pre-donation was 14.67 g/dl with range of 12.5-18.4 g/dl the mean Hb post donation was 14.7 with range of 10.2 - 18.2 g/dl the mean Hb in DN procedure pre-donation was 15.6 g/dl with range of 12.5 - 20.9 g/dl and in post donation was 14.6 g/dl with range of 12 - 19.5 g/dl the mean Hb dropped significantly following apheresis procedure the mean Hb level in either of procedure was not significantly different. After each procedure, there was no change in WBC count, PDW and MPV. Meantime taken in the procedure performed by SN was 86.48 min and in DN procedure it was 69.12 min. The product yield in SN was 3.10lac/ɥL and in DN it was 3.13 lac/ɥL and the difference of final product count is 8.85 lac/ɥL in SN and 8.95 lac/ɥL in DN according to mean values. The product yield, final product count, and time taken by DN procedure were comparatively better than with SN procedure. The volume of ACD used varied from one procedure to another in the procedure performed on fresenius.com.tec it ranged from 220ml to 460ml with the mean of 306 ml. The volume of mean ACD used by SN procedure was 324.87 ml with a range of 210 - 460 ml. The mean ACD volume used in DN procedure was 297.75 ml with a range of (210 - 410ml). The mean ACD volume used was lesser in DN procedure when compared to the SN procedure. The comparison of overall pre-donation means platelet count with mean platelet yield was carried out and student t-test was applied to ascertain the significance of value the p-value of 0.060 was not significant. The overall mean value of various parameter of the present study were analysed and to ascertain the significance of the value the student t-test was applied and out of all the parameter the time taken in the procedure was found to be significant p-value was <0.000 and ACD volume used was also found to be significant were p-value is <0.001. During a total span of six months of study period donation was performed on 240 donors and 35 were temporarily deferred and 09 were permanently deferred for various reasons and the most common cause for donor defer for donation in present study was platelet count below 1.5 lac/ɥL (10 deferred), Hb value below 12.5g/dl. On critical analysis of data following facts emerged:- 1. On critical analysis of data that apheresis donor with low normal pre-procedure platelet count 150 – 200 X 10⁹ /L and Hb concentrate 12.5-13 g/dl should be examined for post-donation drops in these haematological parameters. 2. The donor with significant decrements should be reviewed to screen them from a future donor so to avoid iatrogenic anemia and thrombocytopenia. 3. A comprehensive prospective study on this aspect is required to establish the guidelines for donor safety in apheresis and also in assessing donor suitability. Especially with the double product apheresis collection. 4. This information can be a value an establishing post donation range which could be utilised when reviewing the suitability of donors for subsequent donation. 5. Haematological parameters should be monitored carefully in donor when are undergo long-term regular apheresis.

Published by: Vikas Tiwari, Ayush NegiResearch Area: Transfusion Medicine (medical)

Organisation: Fortis Escort Heart Institute, New Delhi, DelhiKeywords: Plateletpheresis

Research Paper

21. Better strategy to preventive maintenance programs is always not bitter for execution of facility management tasks (Property management)

A well planned preventive maintenance programs lead to diminishing the numbers of the reactive maintenance tasks, and it helps to maintain satisfactory equipment conditions and improve property reliability. It is the duty of a Facility manager to plan better Preventive programs through creates a register of all assets and groups it into systems and subsystems. Further the facility manager who schedules the assets by the degree of importance or critically after analyzing the cost of performance life cycle of all assets including replacement cost based on their priority. For analyzing key performance indicators (KPI) to know the performance of his squad, the facility manager must prepare preventive maintenance checklist after getting the best advice for his routine inspections and examinations of all site tools. A better flexibility strategy principle, which stretches best, planned a preventive program that helps to get good results for a facility manager. And for organizing preventive maintenance plan, it needs to have right people on the board with the plan include top management, Facility manager, experienced Supervisors, technicians, and any other staffs who understand the system operates including people from data processing, accounting, craftsman because the Facility manager is specialist rather than a generalist. Training to technicians is to operate the CMMS (Computerized Maintenance Management system) unavoidable because it gives technicians the freedom to focus less on paperwork and more– on maintenance. A well systematized planned preventive maintenance programs determine the aptitude of a facility manager and his respective site with the prominence of his company.

Published by: S. MohanResearch Area: Facility management/ Operation management

Organisation: Oman Shapoorji Company LLC, Muscat, OmanKeywords: Assets, Check list, Facility manager, Plan, Planned preventive maintenance program, Reactive maintenance, Schedule