Volume 2, Issue 12

Volume 2, Issue 12


Case Study

1. Management of Supra Erupted Maxillary Molar by Using a Modified Removable Posterior Bite Plane – Two Case Reports

Supra erupted posterior tooth is one of the common clinical findings in dental practice. Delayed replacement of lost teeth often leads to extrusion of the opposing teeth into the edentulous space, which leads to masticatory insufficiency and TMJ disorders. When prosthesis is planned on the opposing edentulous area, re-establishing a functional posterior occlusion requires a comprehensive dental treatment plan. If the dento alveolar extrusion is not severe, it is possible to recapture the space by performing coronoplasty & intentional endodontic treatment of the supraerupted tooth. When the extrusion is moderate, orthodontic intrusion can be done ,When extrusion is severe prosthetic rehabilitation is impossible and removal of the teeth is often proposed. Through this case reports we are introducing a removable posterior bite plane retained by ball end clasp to manage a supra erupted maxillary molars along with ongoing fixed orthodontic treatment.

Published by: Dr. Muhammad Shafad K, Dr. Shafeeq Rahman, Dr. Sunil Muddaiah, Dr. Sanju Somaiah, Dr. Goutham Reddy, Dr. Roopa Sidde GowdaResearch Area: Orthodontics

Organisation: Coorg Institute Of Dental Sciences, Virajpet, KarnatakaKeywords: Supra Erupted Tooth, Orthodontic Intrusion, Modified Bite Plane

Research Paper

2. Potentialities and Challenges of Rural Market in Odisha: A Case Analysis

Potentialities and Challenges of Rural Market in Odisha: A Case Analysis w.r.t K.B.K., Odisha. Author: Prof.(Dr.) Joysingha Mishra Abhijeet Singh Abstract: Sustainable Development Goal aims to end poverty in all its forms everywhere by 2030. Almost one third of the population of our country that is more than 1.1 billion are surviving below the poverty line in rural areas. Poverty remains a chronic condition for almost 30 per cent of rural population of India. The incidence of rural poverty has declined somewhat over the past three decades as a result of rural to urban migration. While Odisha has rich in resources but it still in bottom level in the list of development index. Currently Odisha is a rural dominated state with 12.6 Percent in respect to Indian economy. The present paper is attempt to discuss about the rural marketing challenges and scope. THE OBJECTIVES : 1) To understand the rural market and its dimensions in general and Odisha in particular. 2)To study the poverty gap between rural and urban areas in Odisha. 3)To analyse the challenges and scope of rural market in Odisha with case studies. The databases used in this paper is based on secondary data, mainly Census of India, National Sample Survey Organisation and other government published report. The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of marketing strategies on rural Odisha and shift of multi national corporations concentration towards the Indian rural market. But very often, rural marketing is confused with agricultural marketing, Particular emphasis is placed on the impact of the four A’s principles on the rural economy and its participants namely farmers, landless labourers and marketing intermediaries where the marketing had a positive effect on all these through the creation of vast marketing opportunities. The driving force for this success were generating virtuous cycles in the transition marketing. As these market is observed as a high potential across the world and at the same time the absence of poor marketing policy is identified as a key for the success in the context of India where excessive intervention of private companies like H.U.L, CALVIN CARE, PORTER AND GAMBLE, ITC & Patanjali often resulted in success of rural marketing.

Published by: Joysingha Mishra, Abhijeet SinghResearch Area: Rural Market of Odisha w.r.t KBK

Organisation: Ajay Binay Institute of Technology, Cuttack, OdishaKeywords: Rural Market, Challenges, Opportunities, Employment Generation. Market Potentialities.

Case Study

3. Rare Case of Scrotal Schwannoma

Schwannomas are usually benign tumors arising from Schwann cells of the peripheral nerve sheath. Most schwannomas are benign, although malignant cases are known to occur. These masses rarely occur in the retroperitoneum, comprising 0.5% to 5% of all schwannomas. Involvement of the urinary tract is rare, but the involvement of the testis, penis, spermatic cord, and tunica vaginalis has been previously reported.

Published by: Dr. Anupam Shukla, Dr. Mahesh PukarResearch Area: General Surgery

Organisation: Smt. B.K. Shah Medical Institute and Research Center, Vadodara, GujaratKeywords: Scrotal, Schwannoma

Review Article

4. Botox in Periodontics - A Brief Review

In this era, the passion to look beautiful has evolved various new technologies to enhance and improve the physical appearance of people. Botox is emerging as one such popular treatment to improve the facial appearance. Botox can enhance aesthetics and is used therapeutically in other medical conditions. The botox is a minimal invasive technique and may prove out to be an attractive alternative to surgery in some cases.

Published by: Dr. Gaurav Shetty, Dr. Dipika Mitra, Dr. Samhita Dabak, Dr. Rohit Shah, Dr. Silvia Rodrigues, Dr. Saurabh Prithyani, Dr. Harshad VijayakarResearch Area: Periodontology

Organisation: TPCT’s Terna Dental College and Hospital, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Botulinum Toxin Treatment, Mechanism of Action, Advantages, Disadvantages.

Research Paper

5. Socket Friendly Root Analogue Implant – The Future

Replacement of missing teeth with conventional implants made up of titanium is the most popular technique in implantology. To overcome the disadvantages of the conventional implant, immediate implantation technique is being developed. Also, in esthetically demanding areas, zirconia has shown excellent results as compared to titanium. Zirconia (zirconium dioxide, ZrO2) shows excellent biocompatibility, biomechanical characteristics and also good osseointegration. Along with the properties mentioned above, there are also previous reports which show the successful use of zirconia as root-analog implants, which, reproduce the natural anatomy of the extracted tooth. This article presents a review of root analog zirconia dental implants as a novel immediate implantation material, which replaces the missing teeth. This could change the implant dentistry scenario in the future.

Published by: Dr. Silvia Rodrigues, Dr. Rutuja Donde, Dr. Dipika Mitra, Dr. Rohit Shah, Dr. Gaurav Shetty, Dr. Saurabh Prithyani, Dr. Harshad VijayakarResearch Area: Periodontology

Organisation: TPCT’s Terna Dental College and Hospital, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Zirconia, Root Analogue, Immediate Implant, Extraction Socket.

Case Study

6. A Clinical Study of Maternal and Fetal Outcome in Known Cases of Hypothyroidism with Pregnancy on Treatment

Aims and Objectives To study the maternal and fetal outcome in known cases of hypothyroidism in pregnancy on treatment. Method Randomised study of 100 known cases of hypothyroidism with pregnancy on treatment admitted in Basaveshwar teaching and general hospital, attached to Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College, Kalaburgi. Conclusion-In our study it has been shown that hypothyroidism with pregnancy who were on treatment has reached up to the term without any fetal and maternal complications.

Published by: Dr. Gayatri G BawagiResearch Area: Medical

Organisation: Basaveshwar Teaching and General Hospital, Attached to Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College, Kalaburgi, KarnatakaKeywords: Hypothyroidism, Pregnancy, Pre-Eclampsia, Twin Gestation

Review Article

7. Navigate your Implants- Fool-Proof Your Surgery

Technology has entered all fields and streams in the world from manufacturing industries to health care. There have been rapid advancements in the field of dentistry too with the introduction of lasers, ozone therapy, the use of nanotechnology in various dental procedures etc. Implants are widely used now days as an ideal treatment to replace missing teeth when compared to other conventional prosthesis. The world has recently been moving to using newer types of implants like bioimplants, peek implants and to the addition we now have navigated implants. Navigated implants is a method of surgical accurate and prosthetically driven placement of implants using a real time computer guided system based on information generated from CBCT or CT images. This procedure makes implant placement a completely error free procedure with added benefits to the operator as well as the patient as well as allowing placement in certain complicated cases.

Published by: Dr. Rohit Shah, Dr. Rishi Chavan, Dr. Dipika Mitra, Dr. Silvia Rodrigues, Dr. Gaurav Shetty, Dr. Saurabh Prithyani, Dr. Harshad Vijayakar, Saurabh Chandalia, Priyanka MhamunkarResearch Area: Periodontology

Organisation: TPCT’s Terna Dental College and Hospital, Mumbai, MaharashtraKeywords: Implants, Navigate, CBCT, Sensors, Motion Trackers

Research Paper

8. The Intervention Role of G D Maitland as Compared to Low Level Laser therapy in Adhesive Capsulitis Male Patients

Adhesive capsulitis is characterized by commonly gradual loss of both active and passive range of motion (ROM) in all planes of the glenohumeral joint. Patients with Adhesive capsulitis is generally believed to be a self-limiting condition lasting 2-3 years, and 40% of patients have persistent symptoms and stiffness beyond 3 years. Objective: Study to show that effects of G D Maitland and laser therapy in patients of age group 40- 60 years male subjects. Methods: This study is randomized controlled, total 20 subjects with equal distribution of 10 in each group. All the subjects were treated for 0 days, 30 days and 90 days. Assessment of pain by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and ROM (Flexion and abduction) can be increased with common supervised exercises were taken in starting of the study and evaluation documentation after 0 days, 30 days and 90 days for both the groups. The total duration of study Six weeks. Goniometric assessment of active and passive ranges of shoulder movements was assessed. Data of 20 subjects (male) prospectively enrolled subjects were used for analysis. Functional activity shoulder is measured by using VAS Score for pain assessment and range of motion measured by goniometer both pre and post-treatment. Results: Statistical analysis of the data done that within groups showed significant improvement for all the parameters, where between-group comparison revealed higher improvement in group A compared to group B. Conclusion: This study concludes that G D Maitland technique is more effective in addition to combination of exercise have proved better decreasing pain and improving ROM and shoulder function as a protocol for treatment approach.

Published by: Zaki Anwer, Dr. Suraj KumarResearch Area: Physiotherapy

Organisation: Monad University, Hapur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Adhesive Capsulitis, Laser Therapy, Maitland, ROM, VAS

Research Paper

9. Application of Exercise with Low Level Laser Therapy and Ultrasound Therapy brings better result among Rotator Cuff Injury Subjects

Rotator cuff injury [1] is the 3rd most common pain in the back and knee pain. 1% of the population consult the physician for their shoulder pain, Rotator cuff injury is very common for overhead activity athletes. Rotator cuff injury brings compromise the shoulder movement and decrease in the shoulder movement. Neer [2] describe the rotator cuff injury is due to impingement and the subjects with above the age of 40 years are affected most. Xiaobin chen [3] said that due to bone mineral density decrease as the age advances and the chance of the ligament and tendon tear increase in the rotator cuff. Methodology 15 subjects in each group, Total 30 number of subjects were included in the study. Ultrasound therapy group A and laser therapy group B. Subjects were treated for 4 weeks with ultrasound and laser therapy 5 days week and data were taken on the 0 days 30 day and 90 days. The result shows greater improvement in laser therapy group with exercise than the Ultrasound therapy group. Conclusion laser therapy shows much better improvement than the ultrasound group for the management of the Rotator cuff injury grade 1 and 2.

Published by: S Zafar, Suraj KumarResearch Area: Physiotherapy

Organisation: Monad University, Hapur, Uttar PradeshKeywords: Rotator Cuff Injury, ROM, Goniometer, VAS, SPADI Pain, Disability

Research Paper

10. The Relationship between Bosses’ Leadership Style and Employees’ Perceived Internal Politics

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between bosses’ leadership style and employees perceived internal politics. As the data collection instruments, the moderated Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire, MLQ (Form 5X) developed by Bass and Avolio (1997) [3] was used to measure the bosses’ leadership style in subordinates perspectives and Perceptions of Internal Politics (POP) scale developed by Kacmar and Ferris (1991) [12]was used to measure the subordinates’ perception on internal political of the organization. Questionnaire was distributed to the 200 employees working in the ABC telecommunication company and completed 178 questionnaires were received. The research findings discovered that majority of the bosses having transformational leadership style, however, considerable volume covered both transformational and laissez-faire leadership style, as per subordinates point of view. Research findings also suggested that internal politics exists with in the organizational settings. The negative relationship between transformational leader and the perceived internal politics was visible nevertheless the relationships between transactional leadership and laissez-faire leadership with internal politics were recorded as passive. It suggested that, transformational leaders actively engaged with employee development while they are encourage employees in achieving the organizational goals. Moreover transactional leaders highly task oriented and use rewarding mechanism to get the work done from the employees, creating perception of internal politics exists in employees mind. The laissez-faire leaders who are delaying the decision making, obviously influenced by the other force within the organizational setting, persisting the feeling of ‘internal politics exists’ with in employees. This situation is adversely effect on the organizational performance and employees’ job related attitudes.

Published by: Kamani P. MathotaarachchiResearch Area: Management

Organisation: Institute of Human Resource Advancement, University of Colombo, Sri LankaKeywords: Transformational Leadership, Transactional Leadership, Laissez-Faire Leadership, Internal Politics

Review Article

11. Psycho Social Problems of Obesity among School Children in Madurai City

Obesity is increasing at an alarming rate throughout the world. Today it is estimated that there are more than 300 million obese people world-wide. Obesity is a condition of excess body fat often associated with a large number of debilitating and life-threatening disorders. It is still a matter of debate as to how to define obesity in young people. Overweight children have an increased risk of being overweight as adults. Genetics, behaviour, and family environment play a role in childhood overweight. Childhood overweight increases the risk for certain medical and psychological conditions. Encourage overweight children to expand high energy activity, minimize low energy activity (screen watching), and develop healthful eating habits. Breastfeeding is protective against obesity. Diet restriction is not recommended in very young children. Children are to be watched for gain in height rather than reduction in weight. Weight reduction of less than 10% is a normal variation, not significant in obesity.

Published by: Sara SalomeResearch Area: Medical

Organisation: Gandhigram Rural Institute, Chinnalapatti,Tamil NaduKeywords: Childhood Obesity, Excess Body Fat, Child's Health

Research Paper

12. Healing in the Lap of Nature-exploring Medical Tourism Potential of Kashmir

Medical tourism is a fast-growing industry at the global level with South-East Asian countries receiving the bulk of tourists seeking medical or other wellness benefits. The paper highlights the special positioning of India in the area of medical tourism. There is tremendous scope in Kashmir for medical tourism to achieve new highs. Kashmir has potential to market the health and wellness services at comparatively cost-effective prices than Western, European and other South-East Asian countries. Kashmir is blessed with the unexplored natural beauty which is a basic condition for tourism. There is the abundant number of attractions in the shape of hill resorts, pristine clear water bodies, world famous lakes, hot springs, and other places which can revitalize the body and the spirit. However, to realize this potential a lot of effort is needed including adequate infrastructure and marketing to Middle-Eastern, European and other national tourists. Further, an effort and willingness are required on the part of government and entrepreneurs to build world-class infrastructure and other facilities.

Published by: Dr. Omar Fayaz KhanResearch Area: Tourism

Organisation: Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Jammu and KashmirKeywords: Tourist, Medical Tourism, Wellness Centre

Review Article

13. Fluorides in Orthodontics: A Review

Introduction of fluoride in all the various forms has been the greatest advances in the field of orthodontics. Previous studies have concluded that fluoride is effective in reducing the demineralized lesions or white spot lesions. Fluoride is available in various forms like gels, rinses, varnishes. Fluoride gels or fluoride rinses are effective to reduce the white spot lesion, but they act for a shorter duration. Fluoride varnish is having an advantage over other fluoride forms as they are effective for longer duration and easily acceptable to the patients.

Published by: Dr. Rushvi Mistry, Dr. Santosh Kumar Goje, Dr. Arti KripalaniResearch Area: Dentistry

Organisation: K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, GujaratKeywords: Fluoride Gels, Demineralization, White Spot Lesions, Fluoride Varnish.

Review Article

14. Led Curing Unit in Orthodontics -A Review

Introduction of light-cured adhesives has given a great contribution and has been the greatest advances in the field of orthodontics. The most popular orthodontic adhesive is the light-cure composite resin. These adhesives have provided the practitioner the luxury of unlimited curing time. They have reduced the risk of contamination, easier removal of excess peripheral adhesive, and increased working time to position the brackets accurately on the teeth. Compared with the halogen curing system, LED lights can achieve clinical bonding success with shorter curing time. Curing-light manufacturers claim that by increasing the light intensity, less curing time will be required to reach adequate bond strengths.

Published by: Dr. Arti Kripalani, Dr. Santosh Kumar Goje, Dr. Rushvi Mistry, Dr. Hemang ThakrarResearch Area: Dentofacial Orthopedics

Organisation: K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital, GujaratKeywords: Halogen Curing System, LED Light Cure Unit