This paper is published in Volume 3, Issue 9, 2018
Jammu and Kashmir
Manzoor Ahmad Reshi
University of Kashmir, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Pub. Date
28 September, 2018
Paper ID
India, Pakistan, Kashmir, Insurgency, Discontent, Separatism, Resentment, Alienation, Plebiscite front, Accord


Manzoor Ahmad Reshi. Kashmir insurgency: It's changing trends, International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology,

Manzoor Ahmad Reshi (2018). Kashmir insurgency: It's changing trends. International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, 3(9)

Manzoor Ahmad Reshi. "Kashmir insurgency: It's changing trends." International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology 3.9 (2018).


Separatism has always been a popular concept in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, especially in Kashmir. This discontentment among Muslims of the valley in particular (mainly those who were against the accession with India) could never be won over or even accommodated by the ruling people and has resulted in the revelation of militancy and insurgency. The paper is an analysis of the discontents among the people of Jammu and Kashmir. It will throw light on the blatant manipulation of the electoral process in 1987 that led Kashmiris to believe that they would remain permanently marginalized in the current political dispensation. They were led to feel that ‘the bullets will deliver when the ballot had failed’. The main thrust of the paper is to analyze the Kashmiri rebellion that began as a call for ‘Azadi’ or freedom in 1989 and was transformed into different trends in the succeeding years. This paper looks into the various reasons which could be identified for the proliferation of armed insurgency. It analyses the dominant militant groups like Hizbul Mujahideen, JKLF, Ikhwan or renegades, Jihadies and Fidayeen groups; the Lashkar-e-Toiba and Jaish-e-Mohammad; their organizational structures; support bases; strategies and objectives. The paper will also through light on popular disillusionment with increasing militancy and growing crime tendencies among proliferating armed groups. Finally, the paper also critiques the response of various governments at the center and the state.
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